How to format your references using the International Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hayes JM. Geochemistry. Earth’s redox history. Science. 2011 Dec 23;334(6063):1654–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Polidoro B, Carpenter K. Ecology. Dynamics of coral reef recovery. Science. 2013 Apr 5;340(6128):34–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mitchell JF, Stoner GR, Reynolds JH. Object-based attention determines dominance in binocular rivalry. Nature. 2004 May 27;429(6990):410–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chu B, Zhou X, Ren K, Neese B, Lin M, Wang Q, et al. A dielectric polymer with high electric energy density and fast discharge speed. Science. 2006 Jul 21;313(5785):334–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Merritt C. Process Steam Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
1.
Dignum FPM, Eijk RM van, Flores R, editors. Agent Communication II: International Workshops on Agent Communication, AC 2005 and AC 2006, Utrecht, Netherlands, July 25, 2005, and Hakodate, Japan, May 9, 2006, Selected and Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. XII, 303 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3859).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ngo L, Boyd C, Nieto JG. Automating Computational Proofs for Public-Key-Based Key Exchange. In: Heng S-H, Kurosawa K, editors. Provable Security: 4th International Conference, ProvSec 2010, Malacca, Malaysia, October 13-15, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 53–69. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Treatment Effectively Reverses Tooth Decay, Could Make Dentist’s Drills Obsolete [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/new-treatment-effectively-reverses-tooth-decay-could-make-dentists-drills/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 May. Report No.: GAO-05-623T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kramer JA. Accurate Localization Given Uncertain Sensors [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Protess B, Kramer AE, McINTIRE M. Bank in Kushner Meeting Wields Power for Kremlin. New York Times. 2017 Jun 5;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-2288
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles