How to format your references using the International Journal of Biological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Biological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kraus VB. Osteoarthritis: The zinc link. Nature. 2014 Mar 27;507(7493):441–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Morata G, Struhl G. Developmental biology: Tethered wings. Nature. 2014 Jan 9;505(7482):162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nakatsuji S, Kiyohara N, Higo T. Large anomalous Hall effect in a non-collinear antiferromagnet at room temperature. Nature. 2015 Nov 12;527(7577):212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pridans C, Sauter KA, Baer K, Kissel H, Hume DA. CSF1R mutations in hereditary diffuse leukoencephalopathy with spheroids are loss of function. Sci Rep. 2013 Oct 22;3:3013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Walkenbach J. Excel® 2010 Power Programming with VBA. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Zaraté P, Kersten GE, Hernández JE, editors. Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 279 p. 64 illus. (Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing; vol. 180).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sapaty PS. The World as Distributed Brain with Spatial Grasp Paradigm. In: Chen L, Kapoor S, Bhatia R, editors. Intelligent Systems for Science and Information: Extended and Selected Results from the Science and Information Conference 2013. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 65–85. (Studies in Computational Intelligence).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Biological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. 815-Million-Year-Old “Time Capsule” Reveals Atmosphere Breathed By Earth’s Very First Animals [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/815millionyearold-time-capsule-reveals-atmosphere-breathed-by-earths-very-first-animals/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Better Define and Implement Its Earned Value Management Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Sep. Report No.: GAO-08-951.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Noxon C. Sedentism, Agriculture, and the Neolithic Demographic Transition: Insights from Jōmon Paleodemography [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Couturier K. The Agony, and Occasional Rewards, of the Overbooked Flight. New York Times. 2017 Apr 18;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Biological Sciences
AbbreviationInt. J. Biol. Sci.
ISSN (online)1449-2288
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Cell Biology
Developmental Biology
Molecular Biology
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles