How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Blow, Functional Neuroscience: How to get ahead in imaging, Nature. 458 (2009) 925–928.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.B. Starr, X. Wang, Fundamental analysis of piezocatalysis process on the surfaces of strained piezoelectric materials, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2160.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Zenisek, J.A. Steyer, W. Almers, Transport, capture and exocytosis of single synaptic vesicles at active zones, Nature. 406 (2000) 849–854.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.-P. Lu, Y.-Y. Hsu, L.-C. Lai, M.-H. Tsai, E.Y. Chuang, Identification of gene expression biomarkers for predicting radiation exposure, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6293.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P.J.J. Alvarez, W.A. Illman, Bioremediation and Natural Attenuation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
M.N. Favorskaya, L.C. Jain, eds., Computer Vision in Control Systems-2: Innovations in Practice, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Liu, A. Lu, X. Zhu, N. Zhang, G. Cheng, N. Wang, F. Liu, K. Guo, H. Wang, Effect of Spleen Deficiency Syndrome on the Expression of TLR2 and TLR4 in Rats, in: Y. Wu (Ed.), Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 2, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 33–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, A ‘Bionic Leaf’ Turns Solar Energy Into Chemicals And Fuels, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Federal Communications Commission: Federal Advisory Committees Follow Requirements, but FCC Should Improve Its Process for Appointing Committee Members, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V. Petrovic, The K(n)-local E n-Adams Spectral Sequence and a Cohomological Approximation of its E2-term, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Stellin, They Owe You: Compensation for Your Troubles, New York Times. (2013) TR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology
ISSN (print)2468-6050

Other styles