How to format your references using the International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R.N. Proctor, Expert witnesses take the stand, Nature. 407 (2000) 15–16.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.S. Carr, J.R. Najita, Organic molecules and water in the planet formation region of young circumstellar disks, Science. 319 (2008) 1504–1506.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.V. Pobbati, A. Stein, D. Fasshauer, N- to C-terminal SNARE complex assembly promotes rapid membrane fusion, Science. 313 (2006) 673–676.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Ritz, J. Lim, C.M. Reynolds, L.B. Poole, J. Beckwith, Conversion of a peroxiredoxin into a disulfide reductase by a triplet repeat expansion, Science. 294 (2001) 158–160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G.W. Luther III, Inorganic Chemistry for Geochemistry and Environmental Sciences, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
K.K. Kadyrzhanov, V.S. Rusakov, eds., SSP 2004: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Solid State Physics (SSP 2004), Workshop “Mössbauer Spectroscopy of Locally Heterogeneous Systems”, held in Almaty, Kazakhstan, 23–26 August 2004, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Zhang, S. Wu, Report on the Innovative Development of China’s Special Economic Zones, in: Y. Tao, Y. Yuan (Eds.), Annual Report on the Development of China’s Special Economic Zones (2016): Blue Book of China’s Special Economic Zones, Springer, Singapore, 2016: pp. 83–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Half of Europe’s Electricity Could be Renewable by 2030, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Changes in Selected Broadcast and Cable Television Reporting Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.S. Herman, Terahertz local oscillator via difference frequency generation in iii-v semiconductors using frequency stabilized lasers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
T.S. Bernard, S. Cowley, Equifax Is Facing Harsh Scrutiny. If Only It Had Come a Bit Sooner, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Design and Technology
ISSN (print)2468-6050

Other styles