How to format your references using the International Journal of Accounting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Accounting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Luo, Z.-X. (2014). Evolution: Tooth structure re-engineered. Nature, 512(7512), 36–37.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raser, J. M., & O’Shea, E. K. (2005). Noise in gene expression: origins, consequences, and control. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5743), 2010–2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lourens, L. J., Wehausen, R., & Brumsack, H. J. (2001). Geological constraints on tidal dissipation and dynamical ellipticity of the Earth over the past three million years. Nature, 409(6823), 1029–1033.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, H., Qi, Y., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Lu, C., Xiao, Y., Wang, B., & Niu, W. (2014). Interactive contribution of serine/threonine kinase 39 gene multiple polymorphisms to hypertension among northeastern Han Chinese. Scientific Reports, 4, 5116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pike, A. (2015). Origination. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Altenbach, H., Forest, S., & Krivtsov, A. (Eds.). (2013). Generalized Continua as Models for Materials: with Multi-scale Effects or Under Multi-field Actions (Vol. 22). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Derezin, S. (2013). Buckling of Nonlinearly Elastic Plates with Microstructure. In H. Altenbach, S. Forest, & A. Krivtsov (Eds.), Generalized Continua as Models for Materials: with Multi-scale Effects or Under Multi-field Actions (pp. 65–76). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Accounting.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, April 27). Populations Of Pacific Bluefin Tuna Have Crashed By 97 Percent. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Student Loan Marketing Association’s Loan Consolidation Program (No. 121459). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adijanto, J. (2010). Metabolic acid transport in human retinal pigment epithelium [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ryerson, J. (2017, August 18). Being and Gnarliness. New York Times, BR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Luo, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Luo, 2014; Raser & O’Shea, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raser & O’Shea, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Lourens et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhao et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Accounting
ISSN (print)0020-7063

Other styles