How to format your references using the International Journal of Accounting citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Accounting. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tate, C. G. (2010). Biochemistry. Membrane protein gymnastics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5986), 1644–1645.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao, L., & Theuns, T. (2007). Lighting the universe with filaments. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5844), 1527–1530.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas, P., Moretti, P., & Muñoz, M. A. (2014). Frustrated hierarchical synchronization and emergent complexity in the human connectome network. Scientific Reports, 4, 5990.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Klekociuk, A. R., Brown, P. G., Pack, D. W., ReVelle, D. O., Edwards, W. N., Spalding, R. E., … Zagari, J. (2005). Meteoritic dust from the atmospheric disintegration of a large meteoroid. Nature, 436(7054), 1132–1135.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahonen, T. T. (2006). m-Profits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Berke, G. (2005). Killer Lymphocytes. (W. R. Clark, Ed.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Yanamandram, V. M. K., & Panchal, J. H. (2014). Evaluating the Level of Openness in Open Source Hardware. In D. Schaefer (Ed.), Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation (pp. 99–120). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Accounting.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, January 26). Juno Snaps Amazing Image Of Jupiter’s Little Red Spot. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). National Airspace System: FAA Has Made Progress but Continues to Face Challenges in Acquiring Major Air Traffic Control Systems (No. GAO-05-331). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Motala, S. (2009). Siblings caring for elderly parents with dementia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, April 25). After Waco’s Inferno, an Inquisition That Insists on Rational Answers. New York Times, p. 43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tate, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Gao & Theuns, 2007; Tate, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gao & Theuns, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Villegas, Moretti, & Muñoz, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Klekociuk et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Accounting
ISSN (print)0020-7063

Other styles