How to format your references using the Clinical Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cole-Turner R. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. What defines us? Science 331:548.
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker A, Grünewald U. 2003. Disaster management. Flood risk in Central Europe. Science 300:1099.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen J, Weidner DJ, Vaughan MT. 2002. The strength of Mg(0.9)Fe(0.1)SiO3 perovskite at high pressure and temperature. Nature 419:824–826.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Kong A, Thorleifsson G, Gudbjartsson DF, Masson G, Sigurdsson A, Jonasdottir A, Walters GB, Jonasdottir A, Gylfason A, Kristinsson KT, Gudjonsson SA, Frigge ML, et al. 2010. Fine-scale recombination rate differences between sexes, populations and individuals. Nature 467:1099–1103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vento JJ. 2013. Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang TC, Fox JG, Giraud AS, editors. 2009. The Biology of Gastric Cancers. New York, NY: Springer. XX, 332 p. 45 illus., 8 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Warren JF. 2016. Philippine Typhoons Since the Seventeenth Century. In: Bankoff G, Christensen J, editors. Natural Hazards and Peoples in the Indian Ocean World: Bordering on Danger, New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, p 105–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Killing Whales For Science: Japan Is Sent Back To The Drawing Board. IFLScience. URL: [accessed October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wick HF. 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. 2017. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cole-Turner, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Grünewald, 2003; Cole-Turner, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Grünewald, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Kong et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Anatomy
AbbreviationClin. Anat.
ISSN (print)0897-3806
ISSN (online)1098-2353
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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