How to format your references using the Clinical Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Modugno G. 2009. Physics. Universal few-body binding. Science 326:1640–1641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Salter MG, Fern R. 2005. NMDA receptors are expressed in developing oligodendrocyte processes and mediate injury. Nature 438:1167–1171.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basch ML, Bronner-Fraser M, García-Castro MI. 2006. Specification of the neural crest occurs during gastrulation and requires Pax7. Nature 441:218–222.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Opperman JJ, Galloway GE, Fargione J, Mount JF, Richter BD, Secchi S. 2009. Land use. Sustainable floodplains through large-scale reconnection to rivers. Science 326:1487–1488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abner DJ. 2016. The ETF Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Conti M, Schunter M, Askoxylakis I, editors. 2015. Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 8th International Conference, TRUST 2015, Heraklion, Greece, August 24-26, 2015, Proceedings. 1st ed. 2015 Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XI, 328 p. 79 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Vickery G, Mickoleit A. 2013. Greener and Smarter: Information Technology can Improve the Environment in Many Ways. In: Noam EM, Pupillo LM, Kranz JJ, editors. Broadband Networks, Smart Grids and Climate Change, New York, NY: Springer, p 33–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Anatomy.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2017. The CDC Mapped Out Where People With Cancer Live In The US – Here’s What It Found. IFLScience. URL: [accessed October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Escamilla D. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2014. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Modugno, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Salter and Fern, 2005; Modugno, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Salter and Fern, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Opperman et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Anatomy
AbbreviationClin. Anat.
ISSN (print)0897-3806
ISSN (online)1098-2353
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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