How to format your references using the Clinical Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hecht SS. 2011. Perspective: Tackling the real issues. Nature 471:S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Froemke RC, Dan Y. 2002. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic modification induced by natural spike trains. Nature 416:433–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hart GW, Housley MP, Slawson C. 2007. Cycling of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine on nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Nature 446:1017–1022.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Torres-Rosell J, De Piccoli G, Cordon-Preciado V, Farmer S, Jarmuz A, Machin F, Pasero P, Lisby M, Haber JE, Aragón L. 2007. Anaphase onset before complete DNA replication with intact checkpoint responses. Science 315:1411–1415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A. 2013. Thematic Cartography and Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kassim TA, editor. 2005. Water Pollution: Environmental Impact Assessment of Recycled Wastes on Surface and Ground Waters; Risk Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XVII, 285 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hanson RK, Spearrin RM, Goldenstein CS. 2016. Polyatomic Molecular Spectra. In: Spearrin RM, Goldenstein CS, editors. Spectroscopy and Optical Diagnostics for Gases, Cham: Springer International Publishing, p 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Seven Myths About The Brain That Most People Believe. IFLScience. URL: [accessed October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J, Kramer AE, Reed S. 2017. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hecht, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Froemke and Dan, 2002; Hecht, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Froemke and Dan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Torres-Rosell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Anatomy
AbbreviationClin. Anat.
ISSN (print)0897-3806
ISSN (online)1098-2353
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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