How to format your references using the Clinical Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins H. 2009. We cannot live by scepticism alone. Nature 458:30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shizgal P, Arvanitogiannis A. 2003. Neuroscience. Gambling on dopamine. Science 299:1856–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shubin NH, Daeschler EB, Coates MI. 2004. The early evolution of the tetrapod humerus. Science 304:90–93.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Asfaw B, Gilbert WH, Beyene Y, Hart WK, Renne PR, WoldeGabriel G, Vrba ES, White TD. 2002. Remains of Homo erectus from Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Nature 416:317–320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reeve WD. 2006. DC Power System Design for Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
King RB, Bernardo ABI, editors. 2016. The Psychology of Asian Learners: A Festschrift in Honor of David Watkins. 1st ed. 2016 Ed. Singapore: Springer. XXVI, 664 p. 24 illus., 3 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Quarteroni A, Saleri F, Gervasio P. 2012. Sistemi lineari. In: Saleri F, Gervasio P, editors. Calcolo Scientifico: Esercizi e Problemi Risolti Con MATLAB e Octave, Milano: Springer, p 137–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Anatomy.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. 55 Year Old Mystery About The Dark Side Of The Moon Solved. IFLScience. URL: [accessed October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schwarcz-Besson P. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. 2006. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collins, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Shizgal and Arvanitogiannis, 2003; Collins, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shizgal and Arvanitogiannis, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Asfaw et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Anatomy
AbbreviationClin. Anat.
ISSN (print)0897-3806
ISSN (online)1098-2353
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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