How to format your references using the Clinical Anatomy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Anatomy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman S. 2001. Pressure grows over US blood ban. Nature 412:467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beg AA, Scheiffele P. 2006. Neuroscience. SUMO wrestles the synapse. Science 311:962–963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Drell SD, Shultz GP, Andreasen SP. 2012. Nuclear safety. A safer nuclear enterprise. Science 336:1236.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Lorenzo MO, Baddeley CJ, Muryn C, Raval R. 2000. Extended surface chirality from supramolecular assemblies of adsorbed chiral molecules. Nature 404:376–379.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jaffe J. 2010. Flip the Funnel. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Das BC, Ghosh S, Islam A, Ismail, editors. 2016. Neo-Thinking on Ganges-Brahmaputra Basin Geomorphology. Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIV, 177 p. 82 illus., 27 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Takahashi K, Suzuki K, Ogata T, Tjandra H, Sugano S. 2015. Efficient Motor Babbling Using Variance Predictions from a Recurrent Neural Network. In: Arik S, Huang T, Lai WK, Liu Q, editors. Neural Information Processing: 22nd International Conference, ICONIP 2015, Istanbul, Turkey, November 9-12, 2015, Proceedings Part III, Cham: Springer International Publishing, p 26–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Anatomy.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Satellite Data Reveals Colorado River Basin Losing Groundwater At Alarming Rate. IFLScience. URL: [accessed October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grizzel RE. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2013. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goodman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Goodman, 2001; Beg and Scheiffele, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beg and Scheiffele, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Lorenzo et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Anatomy
AbbreviationClin. Anat.
ISSN (print)0897-3806
ISSN (online)1098-2353
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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