How to format your references using the International Journal for Quality Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Quality Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javerzat, J.-P. (2010). Molecular biology. Directing the centromere guardian. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5962), 150–151.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, P., & Parkhurst, S. M. (2003). Development. May the force be with you. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5616), 63–65.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, J., Khuong, C., & Alt, F. W. (2004). Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets. Nature, 430(7003), 992–998.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xia, X., Chen, W., Li, J., Chen, X., Rui, R., Liu, C., Sun, Y., Liu, L., Gong, J., & Yuan, P. (2014). Body mass index and risk of breast cancer: a nonlinear dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Scientific Reports, 4, 7480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Westermeier, R. (2004). Electrophoresis in Practice. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hayat, M. A. (Ed.). (2012). Pediatric Cancer, Volume 3: Diagnosis, Therapy, and Prognosis (Vol. 3). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wu, J., Yang, H., Gao, X., Ma, J., & Liu, K. (2014). Where to Find Help When You Are in an Emergency? In Y. Chen, W.-T. Balke, J. Xu, W. Xu, P. Jin, X. Lin, T. Tang, & E. Hwang (Eds.), Web-Age Information Management: WAIM 2014 International Workshops: BigEM, HardBD, DaNoS, HRSUNE, BIDASYS, Macau, China, June 16-18, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 31–43). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Quality Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, June 3). Elevated ‘Male Hormones’ During Fetal Development Linked With Autism. IFLScience; IFLScience.‘male-hormones’-during-fetal-development-linked-autism/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Space Based Infrared System High Program and its Alternative (GAO-07-1088R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens, J. W. (2008). Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenberg, J. (2016, December 23). The Long, Long Road to Building ‘Fences.’ New York Times, AR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Javerzat, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Javerzat, 2010; Martin & Parkhurst, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin & Parkhurst, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Chaudhuri et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Quality Research
ISSN (print)1800-6450
ISSN (online)1800-7473

Other styles