How to format your references using the International Journal for Quality Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Quality Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickson, B. J. (2002). Molecular mechanisms of axon guidance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5600), 1959–1964.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, X., & Huang, B. (2014). Computational study of in-plane phonon transport in Si thin films. Scientific Reports, 4, 6399.
A journal article with 3 authors
Losos, J. B., Hillis, D. M., & Greene, H. W. (2012). Evolution. Who speaks with a forked tongue? Science (New York, N.Y.), 338(6113), 1428–1429.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Collins, S., Ruina, A., Tedrake, R., & Wisse, M. (2005). Efficient bipedal robots based on passive-dynamic walkers. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1082–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geng, H. (2014). Data Center Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bosse, T., Geller, A., & Jonker, C. M. (Eds.). (2011). Multi-Agent-Based Simulation XI: International Workshop, MABS 2010, Toronto, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 6532). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Maier, G., Schneider, F., & Feldmann, A. (2011). NAT Usage in Residential Broadband Networks. In N. Spring & G. F. Riley (Eds.), Passive and Active Measurement: 12th International Conference, PAM 2011, Atlanta, GA, USA, March 20-22, 2011. Proceedings (pp. 32–41). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Quality Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 1). Beaches Are Being Dyed Pink To Study Pollution. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1975). Improved Planning--A Must Before a Department-Wide Automatic Data Processing System Is Acquired for the Department of Agriculture (No. LCD-75-108). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Merritt, K. M. (2017). Predicting the Success of Running Back Prospects in the National Football League (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ford Fessenden; Kate, & Reporting, L. S. C. (2007, April 8). Long Island Aid Comes at Westchester’s Expense. New York Times, p. 14WC5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Dickson, 2002; Wang & Huang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang & Huang, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Losos, Hillis, & Greene, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Collins, Ruina, Tedrake, & Wisse, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Quality Research
ISSN (print)1800-6450
ISSN (online)1800-7473

Other styles