How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schroeder, T., 2008. Imaging stem-cell-driven regeneration in mammals. Nature 453, 345–351.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hugall, A.F., Stuart-Fox, D., 2012. Accelerated speciation in colour-polymorphic birds. Nature 485, 631–634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zavatta, A., Viciani, S., Bellini, M., 2004. Quantum-to-classical transition with single-photon-added coherent states of light. Science 306, 660–662.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Onodera, R., Motoyama, K., Okamatsu, A., Higashi, T., Arima, H., 2013. Potential use of folate-appended methyl-β-cyclodextrin as an anticancer agent. Sci. Rep. 3, 1104.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, A., Carro, B., 2017. Digital Services in the 21st Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cao, B.-Y. (Ed.), 2007. Fuzzy Information and Engineering: Proceedings of the Second International Conference of Fuzzy Information and Engineering (ICFIE), Advances in Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, C.H., Cho, Y.J., 2007. Framework of a Collaboration-Based Engineering Service System for Mould Industry, in: Gervasi, O., Gavrilova, M.L. (Eds.), Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2007: International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 26-29, 2007. Proceedings. Part III, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Rosetta’s Comet Is Younger Than Previously Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. National Security: Perspectives on Worldwide Threats and Implications for U.S. Forces (No. NSIAD-92-104). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meluzzi, D., 2013. Computational Analysis of DNA Interactions to Investigate the Spatial Organization of Chromatin (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. Puerto Rico Officials to Testify on Debt Crisis Before Senate Panel. New York Times B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schroeder, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hugall and Stuart-Fox, 2012; Schroeder, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hugall and Stuart-Fox, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Onodera et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0020-7519
Infectious Diseases

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