How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain, E., 2008. Science careers. Playing well with industry. Science 319, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, R.B., Atkins, J.F., 2011. Molecular biology. Translation goes global. Science 334, 1509–1510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lenton, T.M., Schellnhuber, H.J., Szathmáry, E., 2004. Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature 431, 913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
McConnell, J.R., Edwards, R., Kok, G.L., Flanner, M.G., Zender, C.S., Saltzman, E.S., Banta, J.R., Pasteris, D.R., Carter, M.M., Kahl, J.D.W., 2007. 20th-century industrial black carbon emissions altered Arctic climate forcing. Science 317, 1381–1384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, J., 2007. Six-Membered Transition States in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sui Pheng, L., 2016. Service Quality for Facilities Management in Hospitals. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Deines, A., Fuselier, J.G., Long, L., Swisher, H., Tu, F.-T., 2016. Hypergeometric Series, Truncated Hypergeometric Series, and Gaussian Hypergeometric Functions, in: Eischen, E.E., Long, L., Pries, R., Stange, K.E. (Eds.), Directions in Number Theory: Proceedings of the 2014 WIN3 Workshop, Association for Women in Mathematics Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 125–159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2014. The Size Of Rosetta’s Comet Relative To European Cities [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Farmers Home Administration: Half-Billion Dollar ADP Modernization Lacks Adequate Planning and Oversight (No. T-IMTEC-92-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, A.P., 2008. An efficient algorithm for calculating fluctuation field and simulating the thermal magnetic aftereffect (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2012. Exhibition Recalls Slam-Bang World Of Pulp Magazines. New York Times F38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Pain, 2008; Weiss and Atkins, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss and Atkins, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (McConnell et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0020-7519
Infectious Diseases

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