How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmeliet, P., 2001. Biomedicine. Clotting factors build blood vessels. Science 293, 1602–1604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kalnay, E., Cai, M., 2003. Impact of urbanization and land-use change on climate. Nature 423, 528–531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ben-Yehuda, S., Rudner, D.Z., Losick, R., 2003. RacA, a bacterial protein that anchors chromosomes to the cell poles. Science 299, 532–536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gerrits, T., Van Den Berg, H.A.M., Hohlfeld, J., Bär, L., Rasing, T., 2002. Ultrafast precessional magnetization reversal by picosecond magnetic field pulse shaping. Nature 418, 509–512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimes, R.A., 2017. Hacking the Hacker. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Fan, S., Fielding-Wells, J. (Eds.), 2016. What is Next in Educational Research? SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Gauyacq, J.P., Borisov, A.G., 2007. Dynamics of Resonant Electron Transfer in the Interaction Between an Atom and a Metallic Surface, in: Micha, D.A., Burghardt, I. (Eds.), Quantum Dynamics of Complex Molecular Systems, Springer Series in Chemical Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 87–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Dairy Farm Produces Enough Energy From Poop To Power 1,000 Homes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Concerns About Compliance Information on Biomedical Equipment (No. T-AIMD-99-209). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, J.A., 2015. Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., 2016. Decline in Oil Prices Lands on Government Workers as Saudi Arabia Cuts Paychecks. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmeliet, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet, 2001; Kalnay and Cai, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kalnay and Cai, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerrits et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0020-7519
Infectious Diseases

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