How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J., 2014. Science budget: funding by numbers. Nature 511, S52-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan, J., Yankner, B.A., 2000. Apoptosis in the nervous system. Nature 407, 802–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brad Adams, J., Mann, M.E., Ammann, C.M., 2003. Proxy evidence for an El Niño-like response to volcanic forcing. Nature 426, 274–278.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Silverman, R.H., Das Gupta, J., Lombardi, V.C., Ruscetti, F.W., Pfost, M.A., Hagen, K.S., Peterson, D.L., Ruscetti, S.K., Bagni, R.K., Petrow-Sadowski, C., Gold, B., Dean, M., Mikovits, J.A., 2011. Partial retraction. Detection of an infectious retrovirus, XMRV, in blood cells of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. Science 334, 176.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basset, P., Blokhina, E., Galayko, D., 2016. Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Sobolev, B., 2008. Analysis of Waiting-Time Data in Health Services Research. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Su, B., Xu, Q., Xiao, P., 2007. Finding the Anti-block Vital Edge of a Shortest Path Between Two Nodes, in: Dress, A., Xu, Y., Zhu, B. (Eds.), Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: First International Conference, COCOA 2007, Xi’an, China, August 14-16, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 11–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. How Do Trees Know When It’s Spring? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Freight Transportation: Short Sea Shipping Option Shows Importance of Systematic Approach to Public Investment Decisions (No. GAO-05-768). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klepper, E.M., 2017. Andragogy and Workplace Relationships: A Mixed-Methods Study Exploring Employees’ Perceptions of Their Relationships with Their Supervisors (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steel, E., 2017. On the Cusp Of a Capstone. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gould, 2014; Yuan and Yankner, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Yankner, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Silverman et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0020-7519
Infectious Diseases

Other styles