How to format your references using the International Journal for Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal for Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
La Thangue, N.B., 2002. Transcription. Chromatin control--a place for E2F and Myc to meet. Science 296, 1034–1035.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coles, H.J., Pivnenko, M.N., 2005. Liquid crystal “blue phases” with a wide temperature range. Nature 436, 997–1000.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prahlad, V., Pilgrim, D., Goodwin, E.B., 2003. Roles for mating and environment in C. elegans sex determination. Science 302, 1046–1049.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Muller, D.A., Nakagawa, N., Ohtomo, A., Grazul, J.L., Hwang, H.Y., 2004. Atomic-scale imaging of nanoengineered oxygen vacancy profiles in SrTiO3. Nature 430, 657–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gavin, H., Porter, T., 2014. Female Aggression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Naidich, T.P., 2009. Duvernoy’s Atlas of the Human Brain Stem and Cerebellum: High-Field MRI: Surface Anatomy, Internal Structure, Vascularization and 3D Sectional Anatomy. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Bondyra, A., Nowicki, M., Wietrzykowski, J., 2015. TAPAS: A Robotic Platform for Autonomous Navigation in Outdoor Environments, in: Szewczyk, R., Zieliński, C., Kaliczyńska, M. (Eds.), Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 2 Robotics, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal for Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Remind Me Again, How Can Companies Patent Breast Cancer Genes? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Business Systems Modernization: Internal Revenue Service’s Fiscal Year 2005 Expenditure Plan (No. GAO-05-774). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Drake, D.A., 2013. Viscoelastic characterization of vapor-grown carbon nanofiber/vinyl ester nanocomposites using a response surface methodology (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J., 2017. Elena Ferrante Series Is Coming to HBO. New York Times C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (La Thangue, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Coles and Pivnenko, 2005; La Thangue, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Coles and Pivnenko, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Muller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal for Parasitology
AbbreviationInt. J. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0020-7519
Infectious Diseases

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