How to format your references using the International Emergency Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Emergency Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marley MS. Astronomy. Exoplanets--seeing is believing. Science 2008;322:1335–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tomasello M, Call J. Methodological challenges in the study of primate cognition. Science 2011;334:1227–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lin X, Clark AC, Chan MHW. Probable heat capacity signature of the supersolid transition. Nature 2007;449:1025–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fischer-Friedrich E, Hyman AA, Jülicher F, Müller DJ, Helenius J. Quantification of surface tension and internal pressure generated by single mitotic cells. Sci Rep 2014;4:6213.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Padmanabhan TR, Bala Tripura Sundari B. Design Through Verilog HDL. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Nakashizuka T, editor. Sustainability and Diversity of Forest Ecosystems: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gregory S. Finding Overlapping Communities Using Disjoint Community Detection Algorithms. In: Fortunato S, Mangioni G, Menezes R, Nicosia V, editors. Complex Networks: Results of the 2009 International Workshop on Complex Networks (CompleNet 2009), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Emergency Nursing.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Scientists Have Found Something Seriously Weird Beneath Yellowstone. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/seriously-weird-beneath-yellowstone/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kao CH. Community mental health care for Chinese Americans: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Vecsey G. More Than a Wizard. New York Times 2010:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Emergency Nursing
AbbreviationInt. Emerg. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1755-599X
ScopeEmergency

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