How to format your references using the International Emergency Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Emergency Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cyranoski D. Malaysia plans “red book” in its attempts to go green. Nature 2005;436:313.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Povolotskaya IS, Kondrashov FA. Sequence space and the ongoing expansion of the protein universe. Nature 2010;465:922–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Spradling A, Drummond-Barbosa D, Kai T. Stem cells find their niche. Nature 2001;414:98–104.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Piperno DR, Ranere AJ, Holst I, Hansell P. Starch grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical forest. Nature 2000;407:894–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
van Vreeswijk M, Broersen J, Schurink G. Mindfulness and Schema Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Liebenberg E, Collier P, Török ZG, editors. History of Cartography: International Symposium of the ICA, 2012. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Cursiefen C, Bock F. Antiangiogenic Treatment Options in the Cornea. In: Reinhard T, Larkin F, editors. Corneal Disease: Recent Developments in Diagnosis and Therapy, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Emergency Nursing.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Tackling The Stigma And Myths Around Sexuality. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/tackling-stigma-and-myths-around-sexuality/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: Some Progress Made toward Implementing GAO Recommendations Related to NASA’s Integrated Financial Management Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Gogni de Tolentino MG. Challenges and successes of monolingual Spanish-speaking foster parents. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. 20 Years Ago: ‘Pride and Prejudice’ Was Reborn on TV. New York Times 2016:C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Emergency Nursing
AbbreviationInt. Emerg. Nurs.
ISSN (print)1755-599X
ScopeEmergency

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