How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffmann, Georg. 2003. “Climate. Taking the Pulse of the Tropical Water Cycle.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5634): 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Leary, Timothy, and Eve Marder. 2014. “Neuroscience. Mapping Neural Activation onto Behavior in an Entire Animal.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6182): 372–373.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riolo, R. L., M. D. Cohen, and R. Axelrod. 2001. “Evolution of Cooperation without Reciprocity.” Nature 414 (6862): 441–443.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yan, Yuan, Li-Xian Wang, Xiaoxing Ke, Gustaaf Van Tendeloo, Xiao-Song Wu, Da-Peng Yu, and Zhi-Min Liao. 2014. “High-Mobility Bi2Se3 Nanoplates Manifesting Quantum Oscillations of Surface States in the Sidewalls.” Scientific Reports 4 (January): 3817.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lehr, Jane, and Pralhad Ron. 2017. Foundations of Pulsed Power Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shanov, Stefan. 2015. Dynamic Tectonics and Karst. Edited by Konstantin Kostov. Cave and Karst Systems of the World. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Valle, Maura, and Maria Pia Zamorani. 2007. “Nerve and Blood Vessels.” In Ultrasound of the Musculoskeletal System, edited by Carlo Martinoli, 97–136. Medical Radiology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Sierra Leone Releases Last Ebola Patient.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars. GAO-13-297T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hintz, Lisel. 2015. “Fighting for Us, Inside and Out: National Identity Contestation and Foreign Policy in Turkey.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Michael. 1993. “White House Memo; President’s Early Troubles Rooted in Party’s Old Strains.” New York Times, February 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoffmann 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hoffmann 2003; O’Leary and Marder 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Leary and Marder 2014)
  • Three authors: (Riolo, Cohen, and Axelrod 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

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