How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kristan, William B. 2007. “Neuroscience. A Push-Me Pull-You Neural Design.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5810): 339–340.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lindsay, Mark E., and Harry C. Dietz. 2011. “Lessons on the Pathogenesis of Aneurysm from Heritable Conditions.” Nature 473 (7347): 308–316.
A journal article with 3 authors
Czaplicka, Agnieszka, Janusz A. Holyst, and Peter M. A. Sloot. 2013. “Noise Enhances Information Transfer in Hierarchical Networks.” Scientific Reports 3 (February): 1223.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Perfettini, Hugo, Jean-Philippe Avouac, Hernando Tavera, Andrew Kositsky, Jean-Mathieu Nocquet, Francis Bondoux, Mohamed Chlieh, et al. 2010. “Seismic and Aseismic Slip on the Central Peru Megathrust.” Nature 465 (7294): 78–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Etube, L. S. 2000. Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Offshore Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Duplantier, Bertrand, Jean-Michel Raimond, and Vincent Rivasseau, eds. 2009. The Spin: Poincaré Seminar 2007. Vol. 55. Progress in Mathematical Physics. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Loog, Marco. 2012. “Semi-Supervised Linear Discriminant Analysis Using Moment Constraints.” In Partially Supervised Learning: First IAPR TC3 Workshop, PSL 2011, Ulm, Germany, September 15-16, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Friedhelm Schwenker and Edmondo Trentin, 32–41. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. “Things in Space That Could Kill Us.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Comments on H.R. 4086]. B-208159.9. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schloesser, Kathleen. 2010. “Improving Services for Persons with Developmental Disabilities through the Utilization of Person-Centered Thinking: A Grant-Writing Project.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2017. “Judge Reinstates Suit Over Rolling Stone Rape Article.” New York Times, September 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kristan 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kristan 2007; Lindsay and Dietz 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lindsay and Dietz 2011)
  • Three authors: (Czaplicka, Holyst, and Sloot 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Perfettini et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

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