How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, Jim. 2002. “Attosecond Science: The Fast Show.” Nature 420 (6917): 737.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conard, Nicholas J., and Michael Bolus. 2015. “Anthropology. Chronicling Modern Human’s Arrival in Europe.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 348 (6236): 754–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ichimura, Takashi, Kohei Fujiwara, and Hidekazu Tanaka. 2014. “Dual Field Effects in Electrolyte-Gated Spinel Ferrite: Electrostatic Carrier Doping and Redox Reactions.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5818.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yoon, Jae Woong, Youngsun Choi, Choloong Hahn, Gunpyo Kim, Seok Ho Song, Ki-Yeon Yang, Jeong Yub Lee, et al. 2018. “Time-Asymmetric Loop around an Exceptional Point over the Full Optical Communications Band.” Nature 562 (7725): 86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arduin, Pierre-Emmanuel, Michel Grundstein, and Camille Rosenthal-Sabroux. 2015. Information and Knowledge System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sloane, Anthony, and Uwe Aßmann, eds. 2012. Software Language Engineering: 4th International Conference, SLE 2011, Braga, Portugal, July 3-4, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 6940. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsutsumi, Akizumi, and Akihito Shimazu. 2016. “Guidelines for Primary Prevention for Mental Health at Work.” In Psychosocial Factors at Work in the Asia Pacific: From Theory to Practice, edited by Akihito Shimazu, Rusli Bin Nordin, Maureen Dollard, and Jodi Oakman, 61–75. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “NASA’s ‘RoboGloves’ Could Double The Strength Of Your Hand.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Truck Safety: Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Limited Information on Causes of Crashes and Other Data Problems. RCED-99-182. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kennedy-Reid, Sherry K. 2012. “Exploring the Habitus: A Phenomenological Study of Transformative Learning Processes.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion.” New York Times, November 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Giles 2002; Conard and Bolus 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conard and Bolus 2015)
  • Three authors: (Ichimura, Fujiwara, and Tanaka 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Yoon et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

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