How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russell, T. P. 2002. “Surface-Responsive Materials.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 964–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, Bingqian, and Nongjian J. Tao. 2003. “Measurement of Single-Molecule Resistance by Repeated Formation of Molecular Junctions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301 (5637): 1221–1223.
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitas, Renata, Guangjun Zhang, and Martin J. Cohn. 2006. “Evidence That Mechanisms of Fin Development Evolved in the Midline of Early Vertebrates.” Nature 442 (7106): 1033–1037.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Stuart, A. J., P. A. Kosintsev, T. F. G. Higham, and A. M. Lister. 2004. “Pleistocene to Holocene Extinction Dynamics in Giant Deer and Woolly Mammoth.” Nature 431 (7009): 684–689.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Antonucci, Domenic. 2017. The Cyber Risk Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kim, Tai-Hoon, Dae-Sik Ko, Thanos Vasilakos, Adrian Stoica, and Jemal Abawajy, eds. 2012. Computer Applications for Communication, Networking, and Digital Contents: International Conferences, FGCN and DCA 2012, Held as Part of the Future Generation Information Technology Conference, FGIT 2012, Gangneug, Korea, December 16-19, 2012. Proceedings. Vol. 350. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dershowitz, Nachum, Ziyad Hanna, and Alexander Nadel. 2006. “A Scalable Algorithm for Minimal Unsatisfiable Core Extraction.” In Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing - SAT 2006: 9th International Conference, Seattle, WA, USA, August 12-15, 2006. Proceedings, edited by Armin Biere and Carla P. Gomes, 36–41. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “Newborn Star Is Surrounded By Complex Molecules.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Postsecondary Education: Multiple Tax Preferences and Title IV Student Aid Programs Create a Complex Education Financing Environment. GAO-07-262T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Bo Gyeong. 2010. “Mercury-Containing Species and Carbon Dioxide Adsorption Studies on Inorganic Compounds Using Density Functional Theory.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. “Mystery of the Missing Tenants.” New York Times, June 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Russell 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Russell 2002; Xu and Tao 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Tao 2003)
  • Three authors: (Freitas, Zhang, and Cohn 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Stuart et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

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