How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check, Erika. 2006. “Biomedical Funding Remains Flat.” Nature 439 (7077): 644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson, V. J., and H. N. W. Lekkerkerker. 2002. “Insights into Phase Transition Kinetics from Colloid Science.” Nature 416 (6883): 811–815.
A journal article with 3 authors
Külheim, Carsten, Jon Agren, and Stefan Jansson. 2002. “Rapid Regulation of Light Harvesting and Plant Fitness in the Field.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5578): 91–93.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Qingjiang, Li, Ali Khiat, Iulia Salaoru, Christos Papavassiliou, Xu Hui, and Themistoklis Prodromakis. 2014. “Memory Impedance in TiO2 Based Metal-Insulator-Metal Devices.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo, Gonzalo, and Miguel A. García-Martín. 2006. The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Magedanz, Thomas, Ahmed Karmouch, Samuel Pierre, and Iakovos Venieris, eds. 2005. Mobility Aware Technologies and Applications: Second International Workshop, MATA 2005, Montreal, Canada, October 17-19, 2005. Proceedings. Vol. 3744. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ringeisen, Bradley R., C. M. Othon, Xingjia Wu, D. B. Krizman, M. M. Darfler, J. J. Anders, and P. K. Wu. 2010. “Biological Laser Printing (BioLP) for High Resolution Cell Deposition.” In Cell and Organ Printing, edited by Bradley R. Ringeisen, Barry J. Spargo, and Peter K. Wu, 81–93. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “What Does Exposure To Environmental Chemicals Mean For Our Health?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. U.S.-Japan Cooperative Efforts in Energy Research and Development. ID-80-36. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hrivnak, George Allen. 2009. “Extending a Model of Leader -Member Exchange Development: Individual and Dyadic Effects of Personality, Similarity and Liking.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “Best Way to Recruit a Runner? Take Him for a Ride.” New York Times, November 8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2006; Anderson and Lekkerkerker 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anderson and Lekkerkerker 2002)
  • Three authors: (Külheim, Agren, and Jansson 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Qingjiang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

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