How to format your references using the International Critical Thought citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Critical Thought. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, Ricki. 2007. “Genes versus Cancer.” Nature 446 (7137): 826–827.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abanin, D. A., and L. S. Levitov. 2007. “Quantized Transport in Graphene P-n Junctions in a Magnetic Field.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5838): 641–643.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollihar, Jimmy, Matthew Levy, and Andrew D. Ellington. 2014. “Biochemistry. Many Paths to the Origin of Life.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 343 (6168): 259–260.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Shen, Kuang, Rick K. Huang, Edward J. Brignole, Kendall J. Condon, Max L. Valenstein, Lynne Chantranupong, Aimaiti Bomaliyamu, et al. 2018. “Architecture of the Human GATOR1 and GATOR1-Rag GTPases Complexes.” Nature 556 (7699): 64–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, James C., and Farzad Naeim. 2012. Basic Structural Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Brimblecombe, Peter, Hiroshi Hara, Daniel Houle, and Martin Novak, eds. 2007. Acid Rain - Deposition to Recovery. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lasaygues, Philippe, Jean-Pierre Lefebvre, Régine Guillermin, Valérie Kaftandjian, Jean-Philippe Berteau, Martine Pithioux, and Philippe Petit. 2012. “Advanced Ultrasonic Tomograph of Children’s Bones.” In Acoustical Imaging: Volume 31, edited by Andrzej Nowicki, Jerzy Litniewski, and Tamara Kujawska, 31–38. Acoustical Imaging. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Critical Thought.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. “South Africa Now Has The Continent’s First Solar-Powered Airport.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. U.S. General Accounting Office Strategic Plan for Administrative ADP Systems, 1981-85. 092315. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theodore, Jamal A. 2014. “A Framework for Comparative Analysis of Gene Expressions and Mutations Linked to Cancer.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wyndham, Susan. 2017. “The Circles of Hellhaus.” New York Times, September 4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis 2007; Abanin and Levitov 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abanin and Levitov 2007)
  • Three authors: (Gollihar, Levy, and Ellington 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Shen et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Critical Thought
AbbreviationInt. Crit. Thought
ISSN (print)2159-8282
ISSN (online)2159-8312

Other styles