How to format your references using the Calcolo citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Calcolo. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert, R.T.: The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems. Nature. 419, 191–198 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Gombosi, T.I., Hansen, K.C.: Saturn’s variable magnetosphere. Science. 307, 1224–1226 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Nabel, G.J., Wolinsky, S.M., Haynes, B.F.: Retrospective. Norman L. Letvin (1949-2012). Science. 336, 1653 (2012)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beja-Pereira, A., England, P.R., Ferrand, N., Jordan, S., Bakhiet, A.O., Abdalla, M.A., Mashkour, M., Jordana, J., Taberlet, P., Luikart, G.: African origins of the domestic donkey. Science. 304, 1781 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, W., Xiao, H., Wang, Q., Zhao, L., Zhu, M.: Integrated Vehicle Dynamics and Control. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore (2016)
An edited book
Wichmann, M.W., Maddern, G. eds: Palliative Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Cuzzocrea, A.: CAMS: OLAPing Multidimensional Data Streams Efficiently. In: Pedersen, T.B., Mohania, M.K., and Tjoa, A.M. (eds.) Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 11th International Conference, DaWaK 2009 Linz, Austria, August 31–September 2, 2009 Proceedings. pp. 48–62. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Calcolo.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Achieving Universal Broadband: What The FCC Can And Cannot Do,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Safety: FAA Has Begun Efforts to Make Data More Publicly Available. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beard, A.R.: Absence Causation in Mechanistic Explanation, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S.: Moscow Music Festival Marks Russian Easter, (2003)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCalcolo
ISSN (print)0008-0624
ISSN (online)1126-5434
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory
Computational Mathematics

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