How to format your references using the International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Ferrari, Physics. Dynamics of a cold quantum gas, Science. 347 (2015) 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.S. Ostfeld, F. Keesing, Ecology. Oh the locusts sang, then they dropped dead, Science. 306 (2004) 1488–1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.S. Yoo, C. Bais, I. Greenwald, Crosstalk between the EGFR and LIN-12/Notch pathways in C. elegans vulval development, Science. 303 (2004) 663–666.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Yan, X. Zhou, Y. Li, F. Wang, H. Zhong, H. Wang, Q. Chen, Fe₂O₃ nanoparticles wrapped in multi-walled carbon nanotubes with enhanced lithium storage capability, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3392.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Solomon, The Art of Client Service, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
S. Berardi, F. Damiani, U. de’Liguoro, eds., Types for Proofs and Programs: International Conference, TYPES 2008 Torino, Italy, March 26-29, 2008 Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Khandor, K. Mason, The Street Health Report 2007: Community-Based Research for Social Change, in: M. Kirst, N. Schaefer-McDaniel, S. Hwang, P. O’Campo (Eds.), Converging Disciplines: A Transdisciplinary Research Approach to Urban Health Problems, Springer, New York, NY, 2011: pp. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer.

Blog post
T. Hale, Newspaper Gives “Scientific” Tips On How To Conceive Boys – Here’s The Actual Science Behind That Claim, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.J. RinconGallardo, The effect of the use of learning journals on the development of metacognition in undergraduate students, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Nuila, Medical Misfits, New York Times. (2017) SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN (print)0735-1933
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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