How to format your references using the International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L.J. Young, Being human: love: neuroscience reveals all, Nature. 457 (2009) 148.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.J. Peppe, D.L. Royer, ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. Can climate feel the pressure?, Science. 348 (2015) 1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Liang, D. Wu, R. Fu, Carbon microfibers with hierarchical porous structure from electrospun fiber-like natural biopolymer, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.P.A. Marimuthu, S. Jolivet, M. Ravi, L. Pereira, J.N. Davda, L. Cromer, L. Wang, F. Nogué, S.W.L. Chan, I. Siddiqi, R. Mercier, Synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds, Science. 331 (2011) 876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.N. Steenbarger, Trading Psychology 2.0, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
A. Bonato, F.C. Graham, P. Prałat, eds., Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph: 11th International Workshop, WAW 2014, Beijing, China, December 17-18, 2014, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Weichert, A. Hachemi, A SHAKEDOWN APPROACH TO THE PROBLEM OF DAMAGE OF FIBERREINFORCED COMPOSITES, in: T. Sadowski (Ed.), IUTAM Symposium on Multiscale Modelling of Damage and Fracture Processes in Composite Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium Held in Kazimierz Dolny, Poland, 23–27 May 2005, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 41–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer.

Blog post
J. Fang, This Gene Gave Mosquitoes The Taste For Human Blood, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Qualifying for Federal Funding of Tribally Controlled Community Colleges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Shah, High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Galchen, Nobody’s Fool, New York Times. (2015) M2165.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN (print)0735-1933
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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