How to format your references using the International Archives of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Madariaga R. Geophysics. Slippery when hot. Science. 2007 May 11;316(5826):842–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Leitch AR, Leitch IJ. Genomic plasticity and the diversity of polyploid plants. Science. 2008 Apr 25;320(5875):481–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bouvier F, Dogbo O, Camara B. Biosynthesis of the food and cosmetic plant pigment bixin (annatto). Science. 2003 Jun 27;300(5628):2089–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Calo E, Gu B, Bowen ME, Aryan F, Zalc A, Liang J, et al. Tissue-selective effects of nucleolar stress and rDNA damage in developmental disorders. Nature. 2018 Feb 1;554(7690):112–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vignes A. Extractive Metallurgy 2. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kudo T. Practical Pharmacology for Alzheimer’s Disease. 1st ed. 2016. Davis KL, Blesa Gonzalez R, Wilkinson DG, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. VIII, 141 p. 27 illus., 9 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Apeldoorn D. A Spatio-Temporal Multiagent Simulation Framework for Reusing Agents in Different Kinds of Scenarios. In: Müller JP, Ketter W, Kaminka G, Wagner G, Bulling N, editors. Multiagent System Technologies: 13th German Conference, MATES 2015, Cottbus, Germany, September 28 - 30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 79–97. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Ounce For Ounce, Birds Have More Neurons In Their Brains Than Mammals. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit Grants: Improved Management Could Reduce Misuse of Funds in UMTA’s Region IX. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Nov. Report No.: RCED-92-7.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chitrampalam P. Biological control of lettuce drop caused by Sclerotinia spp. using Coniothyrium minitans and elucidation of biochemical interactions during mycoparasitism [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Strictly (Upscale) Takeout. New York Times. 2008 Dec 7;NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Medicine
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Med.
ISSN (print)1755-7682
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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