How to format your references using the International Archives of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Archives of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Greaves JS. Disks around stars and the growth of planetary systems. Science. 2005 Jan 7;307(5706):68–71.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poggio T, Bizzi E. Generalization in vision and motor control. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):768–74.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hammami A, Raymond N, Armand M. Lithium-ion batteries: runaway risk of forming toxic compounds. Nature. 2003 Aug 7;424(6949):635–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Magnuson M, Schmitt T, Strocov VN, Schlappa J, Kalabukhov AS, Duda L-C. Self-doping processes between planes and chains in the metal-to-superconductor transition of YBa2Cu3O6.9. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 12;4:7017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cyr KS. Microsoft® Exchange Server 2010 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Das VV, Vijayakumar R, Debnath NC, Stephen J, Meghanathan N, Sankaranarayanan S, et al., editors. Information Processing and Management: International Conference on Recent Trends in Business Administration and Information Processing, BAIP 2010, Trivandrum, Kerala, India, March 26-27, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XIV, 680 p. 334 illus. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 70).
A chapter in an edited book
Bagdanov AD, Del Bimbo A, Landucci L, Pernici F. MNEMOSYNE: Enhancing the Museum Experience through Interactive Media and Visual Profiling. In: Grana C, Cucchiara R, editors. Multimedia for Cultural Heritage: First International Workshop, MM4CH 2011, Modena, Italy, May 3, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 39–50. (Communications in Computer and Information Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Archives of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. How We Caught A Black Hole Emitting Intense Wind [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges in Modernizing the Agency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED/AIMD-00-87.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gary M. Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ratliff B. At Home in Her Range. New York Times. 2017 Jan 13;BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Archives of Medicine
AbbreviationInt. Arch. Med.
ISSN (print)1755-7682
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles