How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Donley, E. A. (2013). Physics. A view on energy transfer between cold atoms. Science 342, 942–943.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kornberg, T. B., and Gilboa, L. (2015). Developmental biology: Nanotubes in the niche. Nature 523, 292–293.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alanyali, M., Moat, H. S., and Preis, T. (2013). Quantifying the relationship between financial news and the stock market. Sci. Rep. 3, 3578.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kravchenko, J. E., Rogozin, I. B., Koonin, E. V., and Chumakov, P. M. (2005). Transcription of mammalian messenger RNAs by a nuclear RNA polymerase of mitochondrial origin. Nature 436, 735–739.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lalanne, C. (2014). Random Vibration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Velazquez, J. L. P., and Wennberg, R. eds. (2009). Coordinated Activity in the Brain: Measurements and Relevance to Brain Function and Behavior. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Y., Kaku, I., Tang, J., and Zhu, J. (2011). “Genetic Algorithm-based Fuzzy Nonlinear Programming,” in Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design Decision Engineering., eds. I. Kaku, J. Tang, and J. Zhu (London: Springer), 55–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Check Out This Incredible Visualization Of Over 500 Exoplanets. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983). A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
van der Veen, A. M. (2012). Domestic Politics, International Inaction: The United States and Human Rights Treaties.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas, R., and Walsh, M. W. (2017). Hartford, With Finances in Disarray, Veers Toward Bankruptcy. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Donley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Donley, 2013; Kornberg and Gilboa, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kornberg and Gilboa, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kravchenko et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Evolution and Development
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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