How to format your references using the Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haslam, M. (2014). Evolutionary biology: Dating chimpanzees. Nature 508, 322–323.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahn, N. G., and Resing, K. A. (2005). Cell biology. Lessons in rational drug design for protein kinases. Science 308, 1266–1267.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S., Gromak, N., and Proudfoot, N. J. (2004). Human 5’ --> 3’ exonuclease Xrn2 promotes transcription termination at co-transcriptional cleavage sites. Nature 432, 522–525.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaniewski, D., Van Campo, E., Morhange, C., Guiot, J., Zviely, D., Shaked, I., et al. (2013). Early urban impact on Mediterranean coastal environments. Sci. Rep. 3, 3540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burk, F. (1997). Lebesgue Measure and Integration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ord, A. (2009). Fundamentals of Computational Geoscience: Numerical Methods and Algorithms. , eds. B. E. Hobbs and C. Zhao Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hongjian, G. A. O., Chunlan, Y. A. N. G., Lei, Z. H. A. O., Haiming, A. I., Shuicai, W. U., Zhiggang, C. H. E. N. G., et al. (2010). “Design and Implementation of Liver Hyperthermia Treatment Planning System,” in World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/4 Image Processing, Biosignal Processing, Modelling and Simulation, Biomechanics IFMBE Proceedings., eds. O. Dössel and W. C. Schlegel (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Plant Evolution and Development.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Skydiver Almost Hit by Meteorite. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration: Education and Outreach Programs Target Safety and Consumer Issues, but Gaps in Planning and Evaluation Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fan, H.-T. (2012). Design of delta operator based decision feedback equalizer for high-speed backplane data communication.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). That Padres Pitcher, She’s Got a Mean Screwball. New York Times, AR118.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haslam, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Ahn and Resing, 2005; Haslam, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahn and Resing, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kaniewski et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Plant Evolution and Development
AbbreviationFront. Plant Sci.
ISSN (online)1664-462X
ScopePlant Science

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