How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wickware, P. (2000). Progress from a fragile start. Nature, 403(6768), 466.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walker, C. L., & Stewart, E. A. (2005). Uterine fibroids: the elephant in the room. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1589–1592.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, S., Sukeno, M., & Nabeshima, Y.-I. (2007). A vasculature-associated niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia in the mouse testis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5845), 1722–1726.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, H. G., Sun, C. H., Qiao, S. Z., Zou, J., Liu, G., Smith, S. C., et al. (2008). Anatase TiO2 single crystals with a large percentage of reactive facets. Nature, 453(7195), 638–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toptygin, I. N. (2015). Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Lal, R., Singh, B. R., Mwaseba, D. L., Kraybill, D., Hansen, D. O., & Eik, L. O. (Eds.). (2015). Sustainable Intensification to Advance Food Security and Enhance Climate Resilience in Africa. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Weinberg, V., Brehm, M., & Christadler, I. (2010). OMI4papps: Optimisation, Modelling and Implementation for Highly Parallel Applications. In S. Wagner, M. Steinmetz, A. Bode, & M. M. Müller (Eds.), High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2009: Transactions of the Fourth Joint HLRB and KONWIHR Review and Results Workshop, Dec. 8-9, 2009, Leibniz Supercomputing Centre, Garching/Munich, Germany (pp. 51–62). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, September 14). How Likely Is It That Your Job Will Be Replaced By A Robot? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Technology: HHS Has Several Investment Management Capabilities in Place, but Needs to Address Key Weaknesses (No. GAO-06-11). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tasoff, A. J. (2017). Quantifying the Genetic Capacity of California Grunion (Leuresthes tenuis) to Adapt to Ocean Acidification (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kercher, S. (2016, March 10). From Pinup to Muse. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wickware 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Walker and Stewart 2005; Wickware 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Walker and Stewart 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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