How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Webb, P. (2010). Science education and literacy: imperatives for the developed and developing world. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 448–450.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monsonego, A., & Weiner, H. L. (2003). Immunotherapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5646), 834–838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brantley, J. N., Wiggins, K. M., & Bielawski, C. W. (2011). Unclicking the click: mechanically facilitated 1,3-dipolar cycloreversions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6049), 1606–1609.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, K., Eres, G., Howe, J., Chuang, Y.-J., Li, X., Gu, Z., et al. (2013). Self-assembly of graphene on carbon nanotube surfaces. Scientific reports, 3, 2353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mullaney, M. D. (2009). The Complete Guide to Option Strategies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stiefel, F. (Ed.). (2006). Communication in Cancer Care (Vol. 168). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kao, M.-Y. (2008). Adword Auction. In M.-Y. Kao (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Algorithms (pp. 7–7). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 30). The World’s Rarest Wild Dog Has Not Gone Extinct After All. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Transportation Safety: Results of Collection of Information on State Permitting Practices for Oversize Vehicles (GAO-15-235SP, February 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-236 [Reissued on February 27, 2015] (No. GAO-15-235SP). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wyers, M. L. (2015). An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Otis, J. (2016, December 8). In Debt, but Undaunted, a Mother Finds Her Home. New York Times, p. A28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Webb 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Monsonego and Weiner 2003; Webb 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monsonego and Weiner 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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