How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levine, D. K. (2009). Economics. Eyes on the prize? Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1296–1297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowles, S., & Posel, D. (2005). Genetic relatedness predicts South African migrant workers’ remittances to their families. Nature, 434(7031), 380–383.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kessler, A., Halitschke, R., & Baldwin, I. T. (2004). Silencing the jasmonate cascade: induced plant defenses and insect populations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 665–668.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Luo, C., Ibanescu, M., Johnson, S. G., & Joannopoulos, J. D. (2003). Cerenkov radiation in photonic crystals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5605), 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vagelli, A. A. (2011). The Banggai Cardinalfish. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Douçot, B., Pasquier, V., Duplantier, B., & Rivasseau, V. (Eds.). (2005). The Quantum Hall Effect: Poincaré Seminar 2004 (Vol. 45). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Mantel, H., & Sudbrock, H. (2009). Information-Theoretic Modeling and Analysis of Interrupt-Related Covert Channels. In P. Degano, J. Guttman, & F. Martinelli (Eds.), Formal Aspects in Security and Trust: 5th International Workshop, FAST 2008 Malaga, Spain, October 9-10, 2008 Revised Selected Papers (pp. 67–81). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, June 2). How Parents Can Make Their Child Into A Psychopath. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Financial Management: NASA’s Decisions Are Based on Unreliable Systems Data and Reports (No. T-AFMD-92-9). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le Blanc, J. D. (2017). Helping African American Middle School Students Transition to High School with the New Normal Project: A Grant Proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (2000, July 9). Songs for Children That Won’t Make the Adults Fwow Up. New York Times, p. 143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levine 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Bowles and Posel 2005; Levine 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowles and Posel 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Luo et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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