How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brumfiel, G. (2002). Cosmology: it all adds up. Nature, 420(6917), 731–732.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenberger, M. D., & Vogelstein, R. (2005). Public health. Pharmacist refusals: a threat to women’s health. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5728), 1557–1558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuler, B., Lipman, E. A., & Eaton, W. A. (2002). Probing the free-energy surface for protein folding with single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Nature, 419(6908), 743–747.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, H., Jeffrey, P. D., Miller, J., Kinnucan, E., Sun, Y., Thoma, N. H., et al. (2002). BRCA2 function in DNA binding and recombination from a BRCA2-DSS1-ssDNA structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5588), 1837–1848.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vettese, F. (2015). The Essential Retirement Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hannaford, P. (Ed.). (2005). Femtosecond Laser Spectroscopy. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bushek, D., & Allen, D. M. (2005). Motile Suspension-Feeders in Estuarine and Marine Ecosystems. In R. F. Dame & S. Olenin (Eds.), The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on The Comparative Roles of Suspension-Feeders in Ecosystems Nida, Lithuania 4–9 October 2003 (pp. 53–71). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 30). Plumes Of Enceladus Revealed In Incredible Cassini Flyby Images. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s Planned Use of Information Technology for the Space Station (No. T-IMTEC-87-5). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez, J. (2013). Effective nonprofit collaborative networks (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2015, June 25). The Roberts Court’s Reality Check. New York Times, p. A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brumfiel 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel 2002; Greenberger and Vogelstein 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenberger and Vogelstein 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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