How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holden, C. (2000). ACADEMIC COMMUNITY: Institute Goes to Court to Remove Researcher. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492), 683b–5b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Feinberg, E. H., & Hunter, C. P. (2003). Transport of dsRNA into cells by the transmembrane protein SID-1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5639), 1545–1547.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pepe, F., Ehrenreich, D., & Meyer, M. R. (2014). Instrumentation for the detection and characterization of exoplanets. Nature, 513(7518), 358–366.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Afyon, S., Krumeich, F., Mensing, C., Borgschulte, A., & Nesper, R. (2014). New high capacity cathode materials for rechargeable Li-ion batteries: vanadate-borate glasses. Scientific reports, 4, 7113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raut, R., & Swamy, M. N. S. (2010). Modern Analog Filter Analysis and Design. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kurosawa, K., & Hanaoka, G. (Eds.). (2013). Public-Key Cryptography – PKC 2013: 16th International Conference on Practice and Theory in Public-Key Cryptography, Nara, Japan, February 26 – March 1, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7778). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner, I., & Bertacco, V. (2011). Post-Silicon Verification of Multi-Core Processors. In V. Bertacco (Ed.), Post-Silicon and Runtime Verification for Modern Processors (pp. 75–93). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 22). New Mountains On Pluto And Its Tiny Moons Revealed In Latest Images From New Horizons. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). [Department of Energy’s Authority To Establish a Facility at Morgantown, West Virginia] (No. B-202992). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaardal, J. T. (2017). Decoding the Computations of Sensory Neurons (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993, January 20). The First Couple: A Union of Mind and Ambition. New York Times, p. A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holden 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Feinberg and Hunter 2003; Holden 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Feinberg and Hunter 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Afyon et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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