How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Triendl, R. (2002). Chance to make a difference in Japan. Nature, 417(6888), 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, F. D., & Kaplan, D. R. (2002). Neurobiology. TRK makes the retrograde. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5559), 1471–1473.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yan, D., Zhou, Y., & Hou, J. (2004). Supramolecular self-assembly of macroscopic tubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5654), 65–67.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ishimura, S., Furuhashi, M., Mita, T., Fuseya, T., Watanabe, Y., Hoshina, K., et al. (2014). Reduction of endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibits neointima formation after vascular injury. Scientific reports, 4, 6943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossi, R. J. (2006). Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L., & Tan, C. J. K. (Eds.). (2008). Transactions on Computational Science I (Vol. 4750). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rangiha, M. E., Comuzzi, M., & Karakostas, B. (2015). Role and Task Recommendation and Social Tagging to Enable Social Business Process Management. In K. Gaaloul, R. Schmidt, S. Nurcan, S. Guerreiro, & Q. Ma (Eds.), Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 16th International Conference, BPMDS 2015, 20th International Conference, EMMSAD 2015, Held at CAiSE 2015, Stockholm, Sweden, June 8-9, 2015, Proceedings (pp. 68–82). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, September 21). Watch An Exoplanet Orbit An Alien Star. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders (No. HRD-90-71BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denney, V. P. (2014). Achieving a Competitive Advantage through Ethical Business Practices: An Ethnographical Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2005, December 23). A TV Extravaganza of Music! Comedy! Militia! K.G.B.! New York Times, p. A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Miller and Kaplan 2002; Triendl 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Kaplan 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ishimura et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

Other styles