How to format your references using the International Advances in Economic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Advances in Economic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mortimer, M. (2007). The time is ripe. Nature, 447(7146), 884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zegerman, P., & Diffley, J. F. X. (2010). Checkpoint-dependent inhibition of DNA replication initiation by Sld3 and Dbf4 phosphorylation. Nature, 467(7314), 474–478.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehrsson, H. H., Spence, C., & Passingham, R. E. (2004). That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5685), 875–877.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhao, W.-W., Liu, Z., Shan, S., Zhang, W.-W., Wang, J., Ma, Z.-Y., et al. (2014). Bismuthoxyiodide nanoflakes/titania nanotubes arrayed p-n heterojunction and its application for photoelectrochemical bioanalysis. Scientific reports, 4, 4426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hood, D., & Trojer, E. (2012). Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ando, N. (Ed.). (2015). Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Tokyo: Springer Japan.
A chapter in an edited book
Bell, S. D. (2012). Archaeal Orc1/Cdc6 Proteins. In S. MacNeill (Ed.), The Eukaryotic Replisome: a Guide to Protein Structure and Function (pp. 59–69). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Advances in Economic Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 12). Here’s What It Would Look Like To Walk Through A Rainbow. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Mass Transit: Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs (No. T-RCED-93-72). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carroll, W. E. (2017). Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick, S. M. (2015, November 8). Reaching Across the Menu Divide. New York Times, p. LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mortimer 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mortimer 2007; Zegerman and Diffley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zegerman and Diffley 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Advances in Economic Research
AbbreviationInt. Adv. Econ. Res.
ISSN (print)1083-0898
ISSN (online)1573-966X
ScopeGeneral Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Economics and Econometrics

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