How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lissauer, J.J., 2006. Astronomy. Growing apart in lock step. Science 313, 1054–1055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kohli, R.M., Zhang, Y., 2013. TET enzymes, TDG and the dynamics of DNA demethylation. Nature 502, 472–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vlemmings, W.H.T., Diamond, P.J., Imai, H., 2006. A magnetically collimated jet from an evolved star. Nature 440, 58–60.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kondo, T., Wakayama, T., Naiki, T., Matsumoto, K., Sugimoto, K., 2001. Recruitment of Mec1 and Ddc1 checkpoint proteins to double-strand breaks through distinct mechanisms. Science 294, 867–870.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moore, R.G., Garland, A., 2008. Cognitive Therapy for Chronic and Persistent Depression. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Leardini, C., 2014. Board Governance in Bank Foundations: The Italian Experience, Contributions to Management Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bani-Ahmad, S., Ozsoyoglu, G., 2007. Improved Publication Scores for Online Digital Libraries Via Research Pyramids, in: Kovács, L., Fuhr, N., Meghini, C. (Eds.), Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 50–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. This Is The Submarine NASA’s Wants To Use To Explore Titan [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1963. Comments on NASA Budget Expenditures (No. B-152554). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gao, H., 2006. Extracting Key Features for Analysis and Recognition in Computer Vision (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., Corkery, M., 2017. Sale at Lord & Taylor: Start-Up Is Moving In. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lissauer, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kohli and Zhang, 2013; Lissauer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kohli and Zhang, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kondo et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Farmacogn.
ISSN (print)0102-695X
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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