How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bejan, A., 2014. Maxwell’s demons everywhere: evolving design as the arrow of time. Sci. Rep. 4, 4017.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hudson, K.L., Collins, F.S., 2013. Biospecimen policy: Family matters. Nature 500, 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yue, J.-D., Zhang, Y.-R., Fan, H., 2014. Quantum-enhanced metrology for multiple phase estimation with noise. Sci. Rep. 4, 5933.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corte-León, H., Nabaei, V., Manzin, A., Fletcher, J., Krzysteczko, P., Schumacher, H.W., Kazakova, O., 2014. Anisotropic magnetoresistance state space of permalloy nanowires with domain wall pinning geometry. Sci. Rep. 4, 6045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhurin, V.V., 2011. Industrial Ion Sources. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Manin, Y.I., 2005. Introduction to Modern Number Theory: Fundamental Problems, Ideas and Theories, 2nd ed, Encyclopaedia of Mathematical Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Herrera, A., 2015. Archaeology and Development: Ethics of a Fateful Relationship, in: Haber, A., Shepherd, N. (Eds.), After Ethics: Ancestral Voices and Post-Disciplinary Worlds in Archaeology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 39–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Brand New Marine Reptile Once Dominated The Seas As Dinosaurs Ruled The Land [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. U.S. Postal Service: Postal and Telecommunications Sector Representation in International Organizations (No. GGD-99-6BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eakman, T.L., 2017. Education Level and Critical Thinking Skills Among Substance Use Counselors Nationwide: A Descriptive Comparative Study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meier, J.S., 2013. Home Is Where the Harm Is. New York Times A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bejan, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bejan, 2014; Hudson and Collins, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hudson and Collins, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Corte-León et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Farmacogn.
ISSN (print)0102-695X
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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