How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carlson, R.W., 2002. Geology. Osmium remembers. Science 296, 475–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M.L., Mudd, S.M., 2012. Response of salt-marsh carbon accumulation to climate change. Nature 489, 550–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Norouzzadeh, P., Myles, C.W., Vashaee, D., 2014. Prediction of giant thermoelectric power factor in type-VIII clathrate Si46. Sci. Rep. 4, 7028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Porath, D., Bezryadin, A., de Vries, S., Dekker, C., 2000. Direct measurement of electrical transport through DNA molecules. Nature 403, 635–638.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimond, B., 2008. Legal Aspects of Mental Capacity. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Breunig, M., Al-Doori, M., Butwilowski, E., Kuper, P.V., Benner, J., Haefele, K.H. (Eds.), 2015. 3D Geoinformation Science: The Selected Papers of the 3D GeoInfo 2014, Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, W.M., Giddings, J.M., Purdy, J., Solomon, K.R., Giesy, J.P., 2014. Exposures of Aquatic Organisms to the Organophosphorus Insecticide, Chlorpyrifos Resulting from Use in the United States, in: Giesy, J.P., Solomon, K.R. (Eds.), Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 77–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. How We Caught A Glimpse Of A Supermassive Black Hole Having A Meal [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Chemical Assessments: An Agencywide Strategy May Help EPA Address Unmet Needs for Integrated Risk Information System Assessments (No. GAO-13-369). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCallum-Bonar, C., 2008. Black Ashkenaz And the Almost Promised Land: Yiddish Literature and the Harlem Renaissance (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., 2017. President Assails ‘Joke’ Justice And Seeks Visa Program’s End. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carlson, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Carlson, 2002; Kirwan and Mudd, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Mudd, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Porath et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Farmacogn.
ISSN (print)0102-695X
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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