How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lee, J.D., 2009. Engineering. Can technology get your eyes back on the road? Science 324, 344–346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Quist, D., Chapela, I.H., 2001. Transgenic DNA introgressed into traditional maize landraces in Oaxaca, Mexico. Nature 414, 541–543.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elf, J., Li, G.-W., Xie, X.S., 2007. Probing transcription factor dynamics at the single-molecule level in a living cell. Science 316, 1191–1194.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brady, S.M., Orlando, D.A., Lee, J.-Y., Wang, J.Y., Koch, J., Dinneny, J.R., Mace, D., Ohler, U., Benfey, P.N., 2007. A high-resolution root spatiotemporal map reveals dominant expression patterns. Science 318, 801–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McEvily, A.J., 2013. Metal Failures. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rizzo, S., Patelli, F., Chow, D.R. (Eds.), 2009. Vitreo-retinal Surgery, Essentials in Ophthalmology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kubin, I., Commendatore, P., Sushko, I., 2016. Some Dynamical Models in Regional Economics: Economic Structure and Analytic Tools, in: Bischi, G.I., Panchuk, A., Radi, D. (Eds.), Qualitative Theory of Dynamical Systems, Tools and Applications for Economic Modelling: Lectures Given at the COST Training School on New Economic Complex Geography at Urbino, Italy, 17-19 September 2015, Springer Proceedings in Complexity. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 213–256.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Herschel detects that Ceres has large amounts of water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Aviation Safety: FAA Should Improve Usability of its Online Application System and Clarity of the Pilot’s Medical Form (No. GAO-14-330). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Romer, C., 2017. WhatsUpDoc: A Patient Portal Technology (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2017. The Caged Beast Awakens. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lee, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lee, 2009; Quist and Chapela, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Quist and Chapela, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Brady et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Farmacogn.
ISSN (print)0102-695X
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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