How to format your references using the Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamel, F., 2013. Epidemiology. Paths from pesticides to Parkinson’s. Science 341, 722–723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Li, G., Luo, Z.-X., 2006. A Cretaceous symmetrodont therian with some monotreme-like postcranial features. Nature 439, 195–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schumacher, M.A., Hurlburt, B.K., Brennan, R.G., 2001. Crystal structures of SarA, a pleiotropic regulator of virulence genes in S. aureus. Nature 409, 215–219.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chapman, S.C., Blain, A.W., Ivison, R.J., Smail, I.R., 2003. A median redshift of 2.4 for galaxies bright at submillimetre wavelengths. Nature 422, 695–698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore, L.A., 2003. Transport Phenomena for Chemical Reactor Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vries, M.F.R.K. de, Korotov, K., Florent-Treacy, E., Rook, C. (Eds.), 2016. Coach and Couch: The Psychology of Making Better Leaders, 2nd edition. ed, INSEAD Business Press. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Norton, B.G., 2013. Facts, Values, and Analogies: A Darwinian Approach to Environmental Choice, in: Bergandi, D. (Ed.), The Structural Links between Ecology, Evolution and Ethics: The Virtuous Epistemic Circle. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Here’s What The Night Sky Would Look Like If We Could See Every Asteroid [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Improved Planning and Acquisition Strategies Can Help Address Operational Challenges (No. GAO-06-610T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuschall, A., 2017. Exploration of the Relationship Between Implicit Theory of Intelligence and Employability (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Suspicion Is One Nemesis Armstrong Can’t Outpedal. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamel, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kamel, 2013; Li and Luo, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Li and Luo, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Chapman et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
AbbreviationRev. Bras. Farmacogn.
ISSN (print)0102-695X
ScopeGeneral Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics

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