How to format your references using the Interacting with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interacting with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seliktar, D., 2012. Designing cell-compatible hydrogels for biomedical applications. Science 336, 1124–1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fratzl, P., Barth, F.G., 2009. Biomaterial systems for mechanosensing and actuation. Nature 462, 442–448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bishop, N.A., Lu, T., Yankner, B.A., 2010. Neural mechanisms of ageing and cognitive decline. Nature 464, 529–535.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Miritello, G., Lara, R., Cebrian, M., Moro, E., 2013. Limited communication capacity unveils strategies for human interaction. Sci. Rep. 3, 1950.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tadros, T.F., 2009. Colloids in Agrochemicals. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Presutti, L., Mattioli, F. (Eds.), 2016. Endoscopic Surgery of the Lacrimal Drainage System, 1st ed. 2016. ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Coelho da Silva, T.L., Neto, A.C.A., Magalhães, R.P., de Farias, V.A.E., de Macêdo, J.A.F., Machado, J.C., 2015. Towards an Efficient and Distributed DBSCAN Algorithm Using MapReduce, in: Cordeiro, J., Hammoudi, S., Maciaszek, L., Camp, O., Filipe, J. (Eds.), Enterprise Information Systems: 16th International Conference, ICEIS 2014, Lisbon, Portugal, April 27-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interacting with Computers.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. This Summer’s Arctic Sea Ice Extent Is The Second Lowest On Record [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Surface Effect Ships (No. 093812). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, J.E., 2009. Job satisfaction and burnout among foreign -trained nurses in Saudi Arabia: A mixed-method study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. An Obvious Case For Instant Replay. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seliktar, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fratzl and Barth, 2009; Seliktar, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fratzl and Barth, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Miritello et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInteracting with Computers
AbbreviationInteract. Comput.
ISSN (print)0953-5438
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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