How to format your references using the Interacting with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interacting with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kiick, K.L., 2007. Materials science. Polymer therapeutics. Science 317, 1182–1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, F., Lee, D.-H., 2011. The electron-pairing mechanism of iron-based superconductors. Science 332, 200–204.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verburg, P., Hecky, R.E., Kling, H., 2003. Ecological consequences of a century of warming in Lake Tanganyika. Science 301, 505–507.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cordin, M., Lechner, B.A.J., Duerrbeck, S., Menzel, A., Bertel, E., Redinger, J., Franchini, C., 2014. Experimental observation of defect pair separation triggering phase transitions. Sci. Rep. 4, 4110.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tibergien, M., Pomering, R., 2011. Practice Made (More) Perfect. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Kienzle, J. (Ed.), 2012. Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2011, Wellington, New Zealand, October 16-21, 2011, Reports and Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Auwerx, J., 2016. Belgium, in: Kilpatrick, B., Kobel, P., Këllezi, P. (Eds.), Compatibility of Transactional Resolutions of Antitrust Proceedings with Due Process and Fundamental Rights & Online Exhaustion of IP Rights, LIDC Contributions on Antitrust Law, Intellectual Property and Unfair Competition. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 103–134.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interacting with Computers.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Do You Know Which Organ This Is? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Attack Warning: Costs to Modernize NORAD’s Computer System Significantly Understated (No. IMTEC-91-23). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giles, C.L., 2015. Faculty mentoring of undergraduate students: A qualitative phenomenological study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
STEVEN LEE MYERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting for this article, 2005. Russian Court Delays Ruling In Fraud Trial Of Oil Tycoon. New York Times A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kiick, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Kiick, 2007; Wang and Lee, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Lee, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cordin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInteracting with Computers
AbbreviationInteract. Comput.
ISSN (print)0953-5438
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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