How to format your references using the Interacting with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interacting with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih, D., 2015. Don’t distort policy in the name of national pride. Nature 523, 257.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gorbunova, Y.V., Spitzer, N.C., 2002. Dynamic interactions of cyclic AMP transients and spontaneous Ca(2+) spikes. Nature 418, 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishizawa, N., Setoguchi, H., Yanagisawa, K., 2013. Structural evolution of calcite at high temperatures: phase V unveiled. Sci. Rep. 3, 2832.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Merceron-Saffon, N., Baceiredo, A., Gornitzka, H., Bertrand, G., 2003. Synthesis of carbenes through substitution reactions at a carbene center. Science 301, 1223–1225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, S., Xu, J.-X., Li, X., Shen, D., 2017. Iterative Learning Control for Multi-agent Systems Coordination. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Robila, M. (Ed.), 2014. Handbook of Family Policies Across the Globe. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zäpfel, G., Braune, R., Bögl, M., 2010. Metaheuristics in General, in: Braune, R., Bögl, M. (Eds.), Metaheuristic Search Concepts: A Tutorial with Applications to Production and Logistics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 67–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interacting with Computers.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. “Hobbit” more likely had Down Syndrome than a new species [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Applying Leading Practices for Managing Risk and Testing (No. GAO-17-322). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Y.I., 2008. Essays on Volatility Risk, Asset Returns and Consumption-Based Asset Pricing (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. ‘Bond, James Bond,’ Through the Years. New York Times C37.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rochmyaningsih, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gorbunova and Spitzer, 2002; Rochmyaningsih, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gorbunova and Spitzer, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Merceron-Saffon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInteracting with Computers
AbbreviationInteract. Comput.
ISSN (print)0953-5438
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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