How to format your references using the Interacting with Computers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Interacting with Computers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Langenberg, H., 2002. Climate of care for a changing world. Nature 417, 4–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roweis, S.T., Saul, L.K., 2000. Nonlinear dimensionality reduction by locally linear embedding. Science 290, 2323–2326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gore, J., Youk, H., van Oudenaarden, A., 2009. Snowdrift game dynamics and facultative cheating in yeast. Nature 459, 253–256.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deschamps, T., Margueritat, J., Martinet, C., Mermet, A., Champagnon, B., 2014. Elastic moduli of permanently densified silica glasses. Sci. Rep. 4, 7193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pande, A., Wolshon, B., 2015. Traffic Engineering Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bruun, O., Casse, T. (Eds.), 2013. On the Frontiers of Climate and Environmental Change: Vulnerabilities and Adaptations in Central Vietnam, Environmental Science and Engineering, Environmental Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Simari, G.I., Parsons, S.D., 2011. Related Work, in: Parsons, S.D. (Ed.), Markov Decision Processes and the Belief-Desire-Intention Model: Bridging the Gap for Autonomous Agents, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 49–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Interacting with Computers.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Wearable Tech Could Turn Us Into Navel-Gazing Slaves To The Smartwatch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Global Positioning Technology: Opportunities for Greater Federal Agency Joint Development and Use (No. RCED-94-280). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, J.L., 2013. An examination of therapeutic recreation programs for veterans with combat-related disabilities and their families (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith, M., GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES, 2017. Pipeline Again Divides Nebraska. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Langenberg, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Langenberg, 2002; Roweis and Saul, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roweis and Saul, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Deschamps et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInteracting with Computers
AbbreviationInteract. Comput.
ISSN (print)0953-5438
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

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