How to format your references using the Intelligent Service Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Service Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turney C (2014) This was no Antarctic pleasure cruise. Nature 505:133
A journal article with 2 authors
Grill E, Christmann A (2007) Botany. A plant receptor with a big family. Science 315:1676–1677
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang Y, Forsyth DW, Savage B (2009) Convective upwelling in the mantle beneath the Gulf of California. Nature 462:499–501
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hedenström A, Johansson LC, Wolf M, et al (2007) Bat flight generates complex aerodynamic tracks. Science 316:894–897

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rabe JL, Martorana RJ (2014) Alts Democratized. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gerdjikov VS, Vilasi G, Yanovski AB (2008) Integrable Hamiltonian Hierarchies: Spectral and Geometric Methods. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Erduran S, Dagher ZR (2014) Methods and Methodological Rules. In: Dagher ZR (ed) Reconceptualizing the Nature of Science for Science Education: Scientific Knowledge, Practices and Other Family Categories. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 91–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Service Robotics.

Blog post
Andrew D (2015) Why Does Eating Pineapple Make Your Mouth Sore? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Federally Funded R&D Centers: Issues Relating to the Management of DOD-Sponsored Centers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterji S (2016) A novel agent-based dynamic load balancing model for cloud networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Nielsen Tackles a Mystery: Netflix Ratings. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Service Robotics
AbbreviationIntell. Serv. Robot.
ISSN (print)1861-2776
ISSN (online)1861-2784
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles