How to format your references using the Intelligent Service Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Service Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dickson D (2000) Mathematicians chase the seven million-dollar proofs. Nature 405:383
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Begun DR, Ward CV (2005) Comment on “Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a new Middle Miocene great ape from Spain.” Science 308:203; author reply 203
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chin G, Marathe T, Roberts L (2011) Population. Doom or vroom? Introduction. Science 333:538–539
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Bochkov VN, Kadl A, Huber J, et al (2002) Protective role of phospholipid oxidation products in endotoxin-induced tissue damage. Nature 419:77–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Knudsen S (2005) Cancer Diagnostics with DNA Microarrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
De La Porte C, Heins E (2016) The Sovereign Debt Crisis, the EU and Welfare State Reform. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dooly M (2013) Promoting Competency-Based Language Teaching Through Project-Based Language Learning. In: Pérez Cañado ML (ed) Competency-based Language Teaching in Higher Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Service Robotics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Sperm Whales Learn Local Dialects – New Study Is Yet More Proof That Animals Have Culture. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sperm-whales-learn-local-dialects-new-study-yet-more-proof-animals-have-culture/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Surface Transportation: Strategies Are Available for Making Existing Road Infrastructure Perform Better. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Duran PE (2010) Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J (2017) A Historic Home Burns, and Suspicions Spread. New York Times A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Service Robotics
AbbreviationIntell. Serv. Robot.
ISSN (print)1861-2776
ISSN (online)1861-2784
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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