How to format your references using the Intelligent Service Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Service Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson WD (2002) Tech.Sight. Analyzing biomolecular interactions. Science 295:2103–2105
A journal article with 2 authors
Malik S, Roeder RG (2013) Biochemistry. Have your PIC! Science 342:706–707
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoehler TM, Bebout BM, Des Marais DJ (2001) The role of microbial mats in the production of reduced gases on the early Earth. Nature 412:324–327
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grigera TS, Martín-Mayor V, Parisi G, Verrocchio P (2003) Phonon interpretation of the “boson peak” in supercooled liquids. Nature 422:289–292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stephans RA (2004) System Safety for the 21 st Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ferre M, Buss M, Aracil R, et al (2007) Advances in Telerobotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Barzilay E, Koren G (2016) Elements of Teratology. In: Abramowicz JS (ed) First-Trimester Ultrasound: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 77–89

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Service Robotics.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Spider Mites Will Choose A Dead Mate Over A Live One. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Internal Revenue Service: 2001 Tax Filing Season, Systems Modernization, and Security of Electronic Filing. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vickovic SG (2010) Medical marijuana and the media. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kramer AE (2015) Remembering Slain Critic of Putin, Tens of Thousands March in Moscow. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Service Robotics
AbbreviationIntell. Serv. Robot.
ISSN (print)1861-2776
ISSN (online)1861-2784
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Engineering (miscellaneous)
Computational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

Other styles