How to format your references using the Intelligent Industrial Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Industrial Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Selker, T.: Voting technology. Election auditing is an end-to-end procedure. Science. 308, 1873–1874 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cook, E.H., Jr, Scherer, S.W.: Copy-number variations associated with neuropsychiatric conditions. Nature. 455, 919–923 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Saika-Voivod, I., Poole, P.H., Sciortino, F.: Fragile-to-strong transition and polyamorphism in the energy landscape of liquid silica. Nature. 412, 514–517 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, W., Flajolet, M., Greengard, P., Surmeier, D.J.: Dichotomous dopaminergic control of striatal synaptic plasticity. Science. 321, 848–851 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simon, L., Ospina, J.: Closed-Form Solutions for Drug Transport through Controlled-Release Devices in Two and Three Dimensions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2015)
An edited book
Abramowicz, J.S. ed: First-Trimester Ultrasound: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Ohkita, M., Tokutaka, H., Ohki, M., Oyabu, M., Fujimura, K.: Classification of Chain-Link and Other Data with Spherical SOM. In: Estévez, P.A., Príncipe, J.C., and Zegers, P. (eds.) Advances in Self-Organizing Maps: 9th International Workshop, WSOM 2012 Santiago, Chile, December 12-14, 2012 Proceedings. pp. 35–44. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Industrial Systems.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Two New Sub-Atomic Particles Discovered at CERN,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: District of Columbia Opportunity Scholarship Program: Additional Policies and Procedures Would Improve Internal Controls and Program Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2007)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S.M.: The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J.: Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Industrial Systems
AbbreviationIntell. Ind. Syst.
ISSN (print)2363-6912
ISSN (online)2199-854X

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