How to format your references using the Intelligent Industrial Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Industrial Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spiegel, F.W.: Evolution. Contemplating the first Plantae. Science. 335, 809–810 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Deane, G.B., Stokes, M.D.: Scale dependence of bubble creation mechanisms in breaking waves. Nature. 418, 839–844 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Riemer, J., Bulleid, N., Herrmann, J.M.: Disulfide formation in the ER and mitochondria: two solutions to a common process. Science. 324, 1284–1287 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mendez, R., Hake, L.E., Andresson, T., Littlepage, L.E., Ruderman, J.V., Richter, J.D.: Phosphorylation of CPE binding factor by Eg2 regulates translation of c-mos mRNA. Nature. 404, 302–307 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zauderer, E.: Partial Differential Equations of Applied Mathematics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Ramaré, O.: Arithmetical Aspects of the Large Sieve Inequality. Hindustan Book Agency, Gurgaon (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Moorman, J., Yao, Z.Q., Bilsky, E.J., Yin, D.: Opioid Receptor Antagonist-Mediated Signaling in the Immune System. In: Dean, R.L., Bilsky, E.J., and Negus, S.S. (eds.) Opiate Receptors and Antagonists: From Bench to Clinic. pp. 67–80. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ (2009)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Industrial Systems.

Blog post
Hamilton, K.: Pygmy-Possums In Hibernation Can Sense Danger From Fires


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: DOD, GSA, and NASA: Federal Acquisition Regulation--Reform of Affirmative Action in Federal Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J.: Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G.: To Herald a Film, a Comic Strip Mirrors the Ravages of Climate Change, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Industrial Systems
AbbreviationIntell. Ind. Syst.
ISSN (print)2363-6912
ISSN (online)2199-854X

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