How to format your references using the Intelligent Industrial Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Intelligent Industrial Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R.: IRANIAN SCIENCE: Iran’s Scientists Cautiously Reach Out to the World. Science. 290, 1484–1487 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Joyce, J.A., Fearon, D.T.: T cell exclusion, immune privilege, and the tumor microenvironment. Science. 348, 74–80 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sarbu, T., Styranec, T., Beckman, E.J.: Non-fluorous polymers with very high solubility in supercritical CO2 down to low pressures. Nature. 405, 165–168 (2000)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Britton-Davidian, J., Catalan, J., da Graça Ramalhinho, M., Ganem, G., Auffray, J.C., Capela, R., Biscoito, M., Searle, J.B., da Luz Mathias, M.: Rapid chromosomal evolution in island mice. Nature. 403, 158 (2000)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu, P.P., Kecs, W.W., Toma, A.: Distribution Theory. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany (2013)
An edited book
Catthoor, F.: Ultra-Low Energy Domain-Specific Instruction-Set Processors. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Danelli, F.: Implementing Game Design in Gamification. In: Reiners, T. and Wood, L.C. (eds.) Gamification in Education and Business. pp. 67–79. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Intelligent Industrial Systems.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Astronomers Have Spotted A “Lost” Planet The Size Of Neptune,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Security: Federal Action Needed to Strengthen Domestic Air Cargo Security. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Johnson, D.A.: Job satisfaction in the operating room: An analysis of the cultural competence of nurses, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W.: No Smoke, No Mirrors: The Dutch Pension Plan, (2014)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIntelligent Industrial Systems
AbbreviationIntell. Ind. Syst.
ISSN (print)2363-6912
ISSN (online)2199-854X

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