How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fratzl, P. (2012). Materials science. A composite matter of alignment. Science 335, 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wickens, M., and Goldstrohm, A. (2003). Molecular biology. A place to die, a place to sleep. Science 300, 753–755.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mallatt, J., Chen, J., and Holland, N. D. (2003). Comment on “A new species of yunnanozoan with implications for deuterostome evolution.” Science 300, 1372; author reply 1372.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Budakian, R., Mamin, H. J., Chui, B. W., and Rugar, D. (2005). Creating order from random fluctuations in small spin ensembles. Science 307, 408–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Glisic, S. G. (2011). Advanced Wireless Communications & Internet. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Klockars, C. B. (2007). Enhancing Police Integrity. , eds. S. K. Ivković and M. R. Haberfeld New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martín, M. E., Sánchez, M. L., Muñoz-Losa, A., Fdez. Galván, I., and Aguilar, M. A. (2015). “Accelerating QM/MM Calculations by Using the Mean Field Approximation,” in Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems, eds. J.-L. Rivail, M. Ruiz-Lopez, and X. Assfeld (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 135–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). The Hunt For Meteorites In Antarctica Is Extended For The Next Decade. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Highway Safety: Research Continues on a Variety of Factors That Contribute to Motor Vehicle Crashes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephenson, J. H. (2010). Ethics and morality in software development: A developer’s perspective.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (1995). The Whole Earth Is at Stake, but It’s Just a Game. New York Times, 223.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fratzl, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Wickens and Goldstrohm, 2003; Fratzl, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wickens and Goldstrohm, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Budakian et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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