How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whorton, M. (2014). Structural biology: Calcium-activated proteins visualized. Nature 516, 176–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Murakami, M., and Kouyama, T. (2008). Crystal structure of squid rhodopsin. Nature 453, 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, L. M., Friedman, R. M., and Roe, A. W. (2003). Optical imaging of a tactile illusion in area 3b of the primary somatosensory cortex. Science 302, 881–885.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wei, D. S., Mei, Y. A., Bagal, A., Kao, J. P., Thompson, S. M., and Tang, C. M. (2001). Compartmentalized and binary behavior of terminal dendrites in hippocampal pyramidal neurons. Science 293, 2272–2275.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart, J. M. (2001). Managing for World Class Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hassanien, A. E., Tolba, M. F., and Taher Azar, A. eds. (2014). Advanced Machine Learning Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, AMLTA 2014, Cairo, Egypt, November 28-30, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Purkayastha, B. B., and Sarma, K. K. (2015). “Basic Considerations of PLL and Its Types,” in A Digital Phase Locked Loop based Signal and Symbol Recovery System for Wireless Channel Signals and Communication Technology., ed. K. K. Sarma (New Delhi: Springer India), 89–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Penn & Teller Call Bullshit on Anti-Vaccination. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). [Comments on FAA Reimbursement of Employees’ Ferry Fares]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, J. (2010). Viviendo en las sombras: Examining the educational experiences of undocumented immigrant Latino students in a public secondary school setting.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017). Fantasy Frenzy? Or Eerie Dreams? New York Times, C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whorton, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Murakami and Kouyama, 2008; Whorton, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murakami and Kouyama, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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