How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Murray, N. W. (2012). Astronomy. Evidence of things not seen. Science 336, 1121–1122.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joughin, I., and Tulaczyk, S. (2002). Positive mass balance of the Ross Ice Streams, West Antarctica. Science 295, 476–480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuña, J. L., López-Urrutia, Á., and Colin, S. (2011). Faking giants: the evolution of high prey clearance rates in jellyfishes. Science 333, 1627–1629.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yan, S., Zhang, J., Li, M., Alici, G., Du, H., Sluyter, R., et al. (2014). On-chip high-throughput manipulation of particles in a dielectrophoresis-active hydrophoretic focuser. Sci. Rep. 4, 5060.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarbock, G., Lynch, S., Ammann, A., and Ringer, S. (2014). Mindfulness for Therapists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Wang, L., Chen, K., and Ong, Y. S. eds. (2005). Advances in Natural Computation: First International Conference, ICNC 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhou, Y., and Qin, Y. (2012). “Income Inequality of China’s Total Resident and the Factors Which Impact It,” in Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents Gu Shutang Academic Fund of Economics., ed. Y. Qin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 125–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Earth’s Magnetic Pole Could Reverse Within A Single Human Lifetime. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1989). Battlefield Automation: Field Artillery Data Systems Acquisition Problems and Budget Impacts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. (2009). A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Alcindor, Y., and Armendariz, A. (2017). Tax Credits to House Poor Reinforce Racial Divisions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Murray, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Joughin and Tulaczyk, 2002; Murray, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joughin and Tulaczyk, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yan et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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