How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Atran, S. (2003). Genesis of suicide terrorism. Science 299, 1534–1539.
A journal article with 2 authors
Abrams, D. M., and Strogatz, S. H. (2003). Linguistics: modelling the dynamics of language death. Nature 424, 900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang, S. M., Meng, K. C., and Cane, M. A. (2011). Civil conflicts are associated with the global climate. Nature 476, 438–441.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Shan, L., Molberg, Ø., Parrot, I., Hausch, F., Filiz, F., Gray, G. M., et al. (2002). Structural basis for gluten intolerance in celiac sprue. Science 297, 2275–2279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, B., Herrenknecht, M., Maidl, U., and Wehrmeyer, G. (2011). Maschineller Tunnelbau im Schildvortrieb. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Celi, M. ed. (2015). Advanced Design Cultures: Long-Term Perspective and Continuous Innovation. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wawrzik, T., Ludwig, F., and Schilling, M. (2012). “Magnetic Particle Imaging: Exploring Particle Mobility,” in Magnetic Particle Imaging: A Novel SPIO Nanoparticle Imaging Technique Springer Proceedings in Physics., eds. T. M. Buzug and J. Borgert (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 21–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). China Has Been Dramatically Underreporting Coal Consumption. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975). Ways of Increasing Productivity in the Maintenance of Commercial-Type Vehicles. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila, R. (2017). Support and Resources for Homeless Families: A Grant Proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini, A. (2017). Holding the Stage Like a Singing Shaman. New York Times, C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Atran, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abrams and Strogatz, 2003; Atran, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abrams and Strogatz, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Shan et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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