How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deech, R. (2008). 30 years: from IVF to stem cells. Nature 454, 280–281.
A journal article with 2 authors
Didenko, Y. T., and Suslick, K. S. (2002). The energy efficiency of formation of photons, radicals and ions during single-bubble cavitation. Nature 418, 394–397.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiegelhalter, D., Pearson, M., and Short, I. (2011). Visualizing uncertainty about the future. Science 333, 1393–1400.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schmid, M. F., Sherman, M. B., Matsudaira, P., and Chiu, W. (2004). Structure of the acrosomal bundle. Nature 431, 104–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robertson, B., Vignaux, G. A., and Berger, C. E. H. (2016). Interpreting Evidence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tan, Y., Shi, Y., Chai, Y., and Wang, G. eds. (2011). Advances in Swarm Intelligence: Second International Conference, ICSI 2011, Chongqing, China, June 12-15, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Voicu, M.-C. (2009). “Computational Methods for Detecting Types of Nonlinear Dynamics,” in Proceedings of the European Computing Conference: Volume 2 Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering., eds. N. Mastorakis, V. Mladenov, and V. T. Kontargyri (Boston, MA: Springer US), 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Stingray Birth Caught Live On Camera. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fink, D. C. (2017). An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu, W. (2016). New Bronx District Attorney Fixes Her Sights on Rikers Island Cases. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deech, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Didenko and Suslick, 2002; Deech, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Didenko and Suslick, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmid et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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