How to format your references using the Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chapman, T. (2004). Breathing life into chemistry. Nature 430, 948–949.
A journal article with 2 authors
Delaval, B., and Doxsey, S. (2008). Genetics. Dwarfism, where pericentrin gains stature. Science 319, 732–733.
A journal article with 3 authors
Francis, N. J., Kingston, R. E., and Woodcock, C. L. (2004). Chromatin compaction by a polycomb group protein complex. Science 306, 1574–1577.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Butov, L. V., Lai, C. W., Ivanov, A. L., Gossard, A. C., and Chemla, D. S. (2002). Towards Bose-Einstein condensation of excitons in potential traps. Nature 417, 47–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Samonas, M. (2015). Financial Forecasting, Analysis, and Modelling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kristbergsson, K., and Oliveira, J. eds. (2016). Traditional Foods: General and Consumer Aspects. 1st ed. 2016. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
McCullough, L. B., Caskey, J., Cole, T. R., and Wear, A. (2008). “Scientific and Medical Concepts of Nature in the Modern Period in Europe and North America,” in Altering Nature: Volume One: Concepts of ‘Nature’ and ‘The Natural’ in Biotechnology Debates Philosophy and Medicine., eds. B. A. Lustig, B. A. Brody, and G. P. McKenny (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 137–198.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016). How Snakes Became Resistant To Their Toxic Newt Prey. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Globe Safety Product’s Inquiry Regarding Firefighters Breathing Apparatus Developed for NASA by Scott Aviation Company. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, C. M. (2014). Principals’ Understanding of Teacher Evaluations Connected to the Colorado Student Assessment Program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016). Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chapman, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Chapman, 2004; Delaval and Doxsey, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Delaval and Doxsey, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Butov et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Antigen Presenting Cell Biology
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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