How to format your references using the Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Magurran, A.E., 2009. Ecology. Threats to freshwater fish. Science 325, 1215–1216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hejnol, A., Martindale, M.Q., 2008. Acoel development indicates the independent evolution of the bilaterian mouth and anus. Nature 456, 382–386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adams, E.J., Chien, Y.-H., Garcia, K.C., 2005. Structure of a gammadelta T cell receptor in complex with the nonclassical MHC T22. Science 308, 227–231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hanaguri, T., Lupien, C., Kohsaka, Y., Lee, D.-H., Azuma, M., Takano, M., Takagi, H., Davis, J.C., 2004. A “checkerboard” electronic crystal state in lightly hole-doped Ca2-xNaxCuO2Cl2. Nature 430, 1001–1005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandra, S., 2016. Energy, Entropy and Engines. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bünemann, E., Oberson, A., Frossard, E. (Eds.), 2011. Phosphorus in Action: Biological Processes in Soil Phosphorus Cycling, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pedersen, A., Berthet, J.-C., Jónsson, H., 2012. Simulated Annealing with Coarse Graining and Distributed Computing, in: Jónasson, K. (Ed.), Applied Parallel and Scientific Computing: 10th International Conference, PARA 2010, Reykjavík, Iceland, June 6-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 34–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. New Research Into Expansion Of The Universe May Upend Physics As We Know It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies (No. IMTEC-92-72R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
David, S.Z., 2016. A Practical Approach for Formation Damage Control in Both Miscible and Immiscible CO2 Gas Flooding in Asphaltenic Crude Systems Using Water Slugs and Injection Parameters (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Skurnick, L., Bai, M., Spitznagel, E., Batali, M., Gross, J., Reeves, H., Henig, S., Newton, M., Sittenfeld, C., Kelly, J., Shortz, W., Giudice, T., Itzkoff, D., Hanel, M., Cowen, T., 2012. The One-Page Magazine. New York Times MM9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Magurran, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Hejnol and Martindale, 2008; Magurran, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hejnol and Martindale, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hanaguri et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationInsect Biochem. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0965-1748
ScopeInsect Science
Molecular Biology

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