How to format your references using the Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Victor, D., 2009. Plan B for Copenhagen. Nature 461, 342–344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sedlak, D.L., von Gunten, U., 2011. Chemistry. The chlorine dilemma. Science 331, 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartgerink, J.D., Beniash, E., Stupp, S.I., 2001. Self-assembly and mineralization of peptide-amphiphile nanofibers. Science 294, 1684–1688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheng, X.-Y., Tian, X.-L., Wang, Y.-S., Lin, R.-M., Mao, Z.-C., Chen, N., Xie, B.-Y., 2013. Metagenomic analysis of the pinewood nematode microbiome reveals a symbiotic relationship critical for xenobiotics degradation. Sci. Rep. 3, 1869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Batten, L.M., 2013. Public Key Cryptography. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Frangi, A.F., Radeva, P.I., Santos, A., Hernandez, M. (Eds.), 2005. Functional Imaging and Modeling of the Heart: Third International Workshop, FIMH 2005, Barcelona, Spain, June 2-4, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tryfonopoulos, C., Idreos, S., Koubarakis, M., Raftopoulou, P., 2014. Distributed Large-Scale Information Filtering, in: Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R. (Eds.), Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XIII, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 91–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Astronauts Spot Mysterious Sprites From The International Space Station [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. [Comments on Claim for Excess Valuation Charge] (No. B-254831). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betito, J.-J.H., 2012. Improving the well-being of Filipino homebound adults through religious involvement, education, and socialization: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember, S., de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Sinclair Will Pay $3.9 Billion For Tribune. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Victor, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Sedlak and von Gunten, 2011; Victor, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sedlak and von Gunten, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInsect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationInsect Biochem. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0965-1748
ScopeInsect Science
Molecular Biology

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