How to format your references using the Infomin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infomin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duster, T. 2005. “Medicine. Race and reification in science”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712): 1050–1051, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacak, B. V. & Müller, B. 2012. “The exploration of hot nuclear matter”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6092): 310–314, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gong, M.; Kirkeminde, A. & Ren, S. 2013. “Symmetry-defying iron pyrite (FeS₂) nanocrystals through oriented attachment”. Scientific reports, 3: 2092, ISSN: 2045-2322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Meyzen, C. M.; Toplis, M. J.; Humler, E.; Ludden, J. N. & Mével, C. 2003. “A discontinuity in mantle composition beneath the southwest Indian ridge”. Nature, 421(6924): 731–733, ISSN: 0028-0836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liautaud, M. 2016. Breaking Through. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, ISBN: 9781119272106.
An edited book
Mason, C. & Rawlings-Sanaei, F. (eds.). 2014. Academic Migration, Discipline Knowledge and Pedagogical Practice: Voices from the Asia-Pacific. Singapore: Springer, XXV, 218 p. 12 illus p., ISBN: 9789814451871.
A chapter in an edited book
Yin, Y.; Kaku, I.; Tang, J. & Zhu, J. 2011. “Genetic Algorithm-based Fuzzy Nonlinear Programming”. In: Kaku, I., Tang, J. & Zhu, J. (eds.), Data Mining: Concepts, Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering Design, (ser. Decision Engineering), London: Springer, pp. 55–86, ISBN: 9781849963374.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infomin.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Another Chimpanzee Personhood Claim Fails, But There’s Hope Yet. IFLScience, IFLScience, Available: <>, [Consulted: October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1973. U.S. Agencies Could Benefit by Better Management of ADP Activities of Government Contractors. no. B-115369, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fahmy, C. 2012. Intoxicated by music: A content analysis of the prevalence of alcohol, illicit substances, and tobacco in popular music from 2000 to 2011. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. 2012. “Drawn From History and Imagination”. New York Times, 23 November, p. C33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duster, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Duster, 2005; Jacak & Müller, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacak & Müller, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyzen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfomin
ISSN (online)1992-4194

Other styles