How to format your references using the Infomin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infomin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ciesla, F. J. 2007. “Outward transport of high-temperature materials around the midplane of the solar nebula”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5850): 613–615, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X. & Duncan, J. H. 2003. “The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves”. Nature, 421(6922): 520–523, ISSN: 0028-0836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Konry, T.; Golberg, A. & Yarmush, M. 2013. “Live single cell functional phenotyping in droplet nano-liter reactors”. Scientific reports, 3: 3179, ISSN: 2045-2322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rajagopalan, H.; Jallepalli, P. V.; Rago, C.; Velculescu, V. E.; Kinzler, K. W.; Vogelstein, B. & Lengauer, C. 2004. “Inactivation of hCDC4 can cause chromosomal instability”. Nature, 428(6978): 77–81, ISSN: 1476-4687.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gao, J. 2010. Optoelectronic Integrated Circuit Design and Device Modeling. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, ISBN: 9780470827369.
An edited book
Obaidat, M. S. & Lorenz, P. (eds.). 2016. E-Business and Telecommunications: 12th International Joint Conference, ICETE 2015, Colmar, France, July 20–22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. (ser. Communications in Computer and Information Science), 1st ed. 2016 ed., vol. 585, Cham: Springer International Publishing, XXIII, 534 p. 178 illus. in color p., ISBN: 9783319302218.
A chapter in an edited book
Ben MBarka, M.; Krief, F. & Ly, O. 2012. “Modeling Long-Term Signature Validation for Resolution of Dispute”. In: Mödersheim, S. & Palamidessi, C. (eds.), Theory of Security and Applications: Joint Workshop, TOSCA 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 31 - April 1, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, (ser. Lecture Notes in Computer Science), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 78–97, ISBN: 9783642273742.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infomin.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2016. This Small-Brained Fish Uses Both Vision And Electrical Senses. IFLScience, IFLScience, Available: <>, [Consulted: October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996. Urban Transportation: Metropolitan Planning Organizations’ Efforts to Meet Federal Planning Requirements. no. RCED-96-200, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fay, C. 2017. Aposematic Variation and the Evolution of Warning Coloration in Mammals. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. 2008. “The Best Decorated Tent You’ll Ever See”. New York Times, 27 November, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ciesla, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Liu & Duncan, 2003; Ciesla, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Duncan, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Rajagopalan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfomin
ISSN (online)1992-4194

Other styles