How to format your references using the Infomin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infomin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoff, K. 2010. “Behavior. Fairness in modern society”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5972): 1467–1468, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wentz, F. J. & Ricciardulli, L. 2011. “Comment on ‘Global trends in wind speed and wave height’”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058): 905; author reply 905, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, C.; Yang, Y.-P. & Duan, Y.-W. 2014. “Pollen sensitivity to ultraviolet-B (UV-B) suggests floral structure evolution in alpine plants”. Scientific reports, 4: 4520, ISSN: 2045-2322.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Crawley, M. J.; Brown, S. L.; Hails, R. S.; Kohn, D. D. & Rees, M. 2001. “Transgenic crops in natural habitats”. Nature, 409(6821): 682–683, ISSN: 0028-0836.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matloff, R. & Chaillou, J. H. 2013. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN: 9781118650837.
An edited book
Griffiths, N. & Chao, K.-M. (eds.). 2010. Agent-Based Service-Oriented Computing. (ser. Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing), London: Springer, XIII, 270 p. 72 illus p., ISBN: 9781849960403.
A chapter in an edited book
Cairns, P. 2016. “Engagement in Digital Games”. In: O’Brien, H. & Cairns, P. (eds.), Why Engagement Matters: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives of User Engagement in Digital Media, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 81–104, ISBN: 9783319274447.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infomin.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. As India Experiences Record Heat, Where Is The Hottest Place On Earth? IFLScience, IFLScience, Available: <>, [Consulted: October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2003. Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Help Address Security Challenges. no. GAO-03-843, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. 2010. Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, N. 2013. “Still Too Good, Too Bad or Invisible”. New York Times, 17 February, p. AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoff, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Hoff, 2010; Wentz & Ricciardulli, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wentz & Ricciardulli, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Crawley et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfomin
ISSN (online)1992-4194

Other styles