How to format your references using the Infomin citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infomin. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koenig, R. 2000. “EASTERN EUROPE: Science Survives in Breakaway States”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5492): 692–693, ISSN: 0036-8075.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hoffmann, A. A. & Sgrò, C. M. 2011. “Climate change and evolutionary adaptation”. Nature, 470(7335): 479–485, ISSN: 1476-4687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, D. R.; Galluzzi, L. & Kroemer, G. 2014. “Cell biology. Metabolic control of cell death”. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6203): 1250256, ISSN: 1095-9203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, S.; Sanderson, M. W.; White, B. J.; Amrine, D. E. & Lanzas, C. 2013. “Temporal-spatial heterogeneity in animal-environment contact: implications for the exposure and transmission of pathogens”. Scientific reports, 3: 3112, ISSN: 2045-2322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keegan, K. D. 2008. Biotechnology Valuation. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, ISBN: 9781118673508.
An edited book
Kendall, G.; Burke, E. K.; Petrovic, S. & Gendreau, M. (eds.). 2005. Multidisciplinary Scheduling: Theory and Applications: 1st International Conference, MISTA ’03 Nottingham, UK, 13–15 August 2003 Selected Papers. Boston, MA: Springer US, XVI, 394 p p., ISBN: 9780387252667.
A chapter in an edited book
Udugama, A.; Zhao, L.; Zaki, Y.; Goerg, C. & Timm-Giel, A. 2011. “End-to-End Performance Evaluation of Virtual Networks Using a Prototype Implementation”. In: Pentikousis, K., Agüero, R., García-Arranz, M. & Papavassiliou, S. (eds.), Mobile Networks and Management: Second International ICST Conference, MONAMI 2010, Santander, Spain, September 22-24, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, (ser. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 38–49, ISBN: 9783642214431.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infomin.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Here’s What It Looks Like When Evolution Gets Weird. IFLScience, IFLScience, Available: <>, [Consulted: October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1982. Impact of Funding on Materials R&D Programs in the Departments of Energy and Commerce, and NASA Since FY 1980. no. EMD-82-73, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, D. 2009. Deus-ex-machina: A modern skeptic’s relentless scrutiny of the production of ethics in post-colonial literature and postcolonialism. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2016. “JonBenet Ramsey Case to Again Haunt TV”. New York Times, 10 August, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koenig, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Koenig, 2000; Hoffmann & Sgrò, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hoffmann & Sgrò, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInfomin
ISSN (online)1992-4194

Other styles