How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martienssen, R. (2010). Molecular biology. Small RNA makes its move. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5980), 834–835.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carmeliet, P., & Jain, R. K. (2011). Molecular mechanisms and clinical applications of angiogenesis. Nature, 473(7347), 298–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reichenbach, T., Mobilia, M., & Frey, E. (2007). Mobility promotes and jeopardizes biodiversity in rock-paper-scissors games. Nature, 448(7157), 1046–1049.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brauchle, E., Thude, S., Brucker, S. Y., & Schenke-Layland, K. (2014). Cell death stages in single apoptotic and necrotic cells monitored by Raman microspectroscopy. Scientific reports, 4, 4698.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makower, T. (2014). Touching the City. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chiappelli, F. (Ed.). (2010). Evidence-Based Practice: Toward Optimizing Clinical Outcomes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chakravarthy, S., & Jiang, Q. (2009). MODELING CONTINUOUS QUERIES OVER DATA STREAMS. In S. Chakravarthy (Ed.), Stream Data Processing: A Quality of Service Perspective: Modeling, Scheduling, Load Shedding, and Complex Event Processing (pp. 49–93). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Education.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 24). Three Of Namibia’s Most Famous Lion Family Were Poisoned – Why? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). FAA’s Voice Communications and Administrative Computer Systems (No. T-IMTEC-89-3). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2008). High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, March 16). Bond Issue Is Approved for Sachem Schools. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martienssen 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet and Jain 2011; Martienssen 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Carmeliet and Jain 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Brauchle et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Education
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Educ.
ISSN (print)1053-0819
ISSN (online)1573-3513
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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