How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ranganathan, R. (2003). Cell biology. A matter of life or death. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1677–1679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyake, T., & Kalluri, R. (2014). Cardiac biology: Cell plasticity helps hearts to repair. Nature, 514(7524), 575–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gertz, J., Siggia, E. D., & Cohen, B. A. (2009). Analysis of combinatorial cis-regulation in synthetic and genomic promoters. Nature, 457(7226), 215–218.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Koizumi, S., Shigemoto-Mogami, Y., Nasu-Tada, K., Shinozaki, Y., Ohsawa, K., Tsuda, M., et al. (2007). UDP acting at P2Y6 receptors is a mediator of microglial phagocytosis. Nature, 446(7139), 1091–1095.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratzliff, A., Unutzer, J., Katon, W., & Stephens, K. A. (2015). Integrated Care. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Figueiredo, D. G. de. (2013). Djairo G. de Figueiredo - Selected Papers. (D. G. Costa, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Maté, A., de Gregorio, E., Cámara, J., & Trujillo, J. (2014). Improving Massive Open Online Courses Analysis by Applying Modeling and Text Mining: A Case Study. In J. Parsons & D. Chiu (Eds.), Advances in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2013 Workshops, LSAWM, MoBiD, RIGiM, SeCoGIS, WISM, DaSeM, SCME, and PhD Symposium, Hong Kong, China, November 11-13, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 29–38). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Education.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, December 9). Could This New Photo Show The Last Known Wild Jaguar In The US? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Alternative to Project Seafarer (No. LCD-77-360). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
George, K. G. (2017). Revisiting “The Blue Line Blues”: Transit-Oriented Development in Inner-City Areas of Los Angeles County, 2000-2016 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2015, February 15). Change, Slower Than a Speeding Bullet. New York Times, p. MB3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ranganathan 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Miyake and Kalluri 2014; Ranganathan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyake and Kalluri 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Koizumi et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Education
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Educ.
ISSN (print)1053-0819
ISSN (online)1573-3513
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles