How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Alternative approaches. Nature, 421(6921), 455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tigaret, C., & Choquet, D. (2009). Neuroscience. More AMPAR garnish. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1295–1296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yin, Y., Manoury, B., & Fåhraeus, R. (2003). Self-inhibition of synthesis and antigen presentation by Epstein-Barr virus-encoded EBNA1. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1371–1374.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Geissler, P. L., Dellago, C., Chandler, D., Hutter, J., & Parrinello, M. (2001). Autoionization in liquid water. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5511), 2121–2124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cayuela Valencia, R. (2013). The Future of the Chemical Industry by 2050. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gross, D. (2011). Engineering Mechanics 3: Dynamics. (W. Hauger, J. Schröder, W. Wall, & S. Govindjee, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schrammel, P., Kroening, D., Brain, M., Martins, R., Teige, T., & Bienmüller, T. (2015). Successful Use of Incremental BMC in the Automotive Industry. In M. Núñez & M. Güdemann (Eds.), Formal Methods for Industrial Critical Systems: 20th International Workshop, FMICS 2015 Oslo, Norway, June 22-23, 2015 Proceedings (pp. 62–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 4). 10 +3 Simple Ways to Reduce Your Cancer Risk. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Surface Transportation: Strategies Are Available for Making Existing Road Infrastructure Perform Better (No. GAO-07-920). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bai, H. (2017). Cognitive processes of prioritization in multitasking (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cain, S. (2017, March 24). Followers Wanted. New York Times, p. SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2003; Tigaret and Choquet 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tigaret and Choquet 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Geissler et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Education
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Educ.
ISSN (print)1053-0819
ISSN (online)1573-3513
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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