How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, D. (2000). Electrons in artificial atoms. Nature, 405(6789), 899–900.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasteris, J. D., & Wopenka, B. (2002). Laser-Raman spectroscopy: images of the Earth’s earliest fossils? Nature, 420(6915), 476–7; discussion 477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grzybowski, B. A., Stone, H. A., & Whitesides, G. M. (2000). Dynamic self-assembly of magnetized, millimetre-sized objects rotating at a liquid-air interface. Nature, 405(6790), 1033–1036.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Im, K., Jeong, D., Hur, J., Kim, S.-J., Hwang, S., Jin, K. S., et al. (2013). Robust analysis of synthetic label-free DNA junctions in solution by X-ray scattering and molecular simulation. Scientific reports, 3, 3226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (2013). Guidelines for Managing Process Safety Risks During Organizational Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gavrilova, M. L., & Tan, C. J. K. (Eds.). (2014). Transactions on Computational Science XXII (Vol. 8360). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heinzel, F. R., & Pieske, B. M. (2014). Cardiac Arrhythmias. In I. Wakabayashi & K. Groschner (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume III: Cardiovascular Events (pp. 69–96). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Education.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 29). The Oldest Organisms In The World. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps (No. GAO-15-386T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reilly, C. A. (2014). Information and Communication Technology Use in the College Classroom: Adjunct Faculty Perspectives (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, January 25). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Jewish Groups Under Attack. New York Times, p. A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gammon 2000; Pasteris and Wopenka 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasteris and Wopenka 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Im et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Education
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Educ.
ISSN (print)1053-0819
ISSN (online)1573-3513
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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