How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmerr, N. (2012). The Gutenberg discontinuity: melt at the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1480–1483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolhouse, M., & Donaldson, A. (2001). Managing foot-and-mouth. Nature, 410(6828), 515–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan, K., Jih, G., & Moazed, D. (2015). Epigenetics. Epigenetic inheritance uncoupled from sequence-specific recruitment. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6230), 1258699.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, N., Meng, N., Wang, S., Zhao, F., Zhao, J., Su, L., et al. (2014). An activator of mTOR inhibits oxLDL-induced autophagy and apoptosis in vascular endothelial cells and restricts atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E/ mice. Scientific reports, 4, 5519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F.-C., Yu, B., Wei, J.-J., & Kawaguchi, Y. (2011). Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Bindereif, A. (Ed.). (2012). RNA Metabolism in Trypanosomes (Vol. 28). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Andréka, H., & Németi, I. (2015). Finite-Variable Logics Do Not Have Weak Beth Definability Property. In A. Koslow & A. Buchsbaum (Eds.), The Road to Universal Logic: Festschrift for the 50th Birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau Volume II (pp. 125–133). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 29). Happy Galactic Tick Day! Milestone Celebrates Our Journey Around The Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). IT Supply Chain: National Security-Related Agencies Need to Better Address Risks (No. GAO-12-361). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, M. P. (2009). De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, February 26). Rodriguez Stands Alone, and That’s a Good Thing. New York Times, p. B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmerr 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Schmerr 2012; Woolhouse and Donaldson 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolhouse and Donaldson 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral Education
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Educ.
ISSN (print)1053-0819
ISSN (online)1573-3513
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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