How to format your references using the Environmental Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner, I. V., 2007, Physics. So small yet still giant: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 316, no. 5821, p. 63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melville, W. K., and P. Matusov, 2002, Distribution of breaking waves at the ocean surface: Nature, v. 417, no. 6884, p. 58–63.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonasio, R., S. Tu, and D. Reinberg, 2010, Molecular signals of epigenetic states: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 330, no. 6004, p. 612–616.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rombouts, I., B. Lagrain, M. Brunnbauer, J. A. Delcour, and P. Koehler, 2013, Improved identification of wheat gluten proteins through alkylation of cysteine residues and peptide-based mass spectrometry: Scientific reports, v. 3, p. 2279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Will, H., 2011, »Sei naiv und mach’ ein Experiment«: Feodor Lynen: Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hameurlain, A., J. Küng, and R. Wagner (eds.), 2011, Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems III: Special Issue on Data and Knowledge Management in Grid and P2P Systems: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, IX, 239 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Peters, M. A., 2015, “A Demand for Philosophy”: Interpretation, Educational Research, and Transformative Practice, in P. Smeyers, D. Bridges, N. C. Burbules, and M. Griffiths, eds., International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Springer International Handbooks of Education, p. 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, Hope: The First Arab Space Probe Planned To Go To Mars: IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006, Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency, GAO-06-807: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ding, H., 2012, Mode of Action for Hexavalent Chromium Carcinogenicity in Drinking Water, Doctoral dissertation: Washington, DC, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017, Streaming Drives Up Music Sales in U.S., but Hold the Celebrations: p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lerner, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Melville and Matusov, 2002; Lerner, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melville and Matusov, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Rombouts et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geosciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1075-9565
ISSN (online)1526-0984
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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