How to format your references using the Environmental Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoag, H., 2015, Molecular biology: Marked progress: Nature, v. 527, no. 7578, p. S114-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bochman, M. L., and A. Schwacha, 2015, DNA replication: Strand separation unravelled: Nature, v. 524, no. 7564, p. 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moran, N. A., H. J. McLaughlin, and R. Sorek, 2009, The dynamics and time scale of ongoing genomic erosion in symbiotic bacteria: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 323, no. 5912, p. 379–382.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kasahara, M., T. Kagawa, K. Oikawa, N. Suetsugu, M. Miyao, and M. Wada, 2002, Chloroplast avoidance movement reduces photodamage in plants: Nature, v. 420, no. 6917, p. 829–832.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elias, H.-G., 2009, Macromolecules: Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ramaekers, S., 2012, The Claims of Parenting: Reasons, Responsibility and Society: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Contemporary Philosophies and Theories in Education, XVIII, 158 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim-Prieto, C., E. Diener, M. Tamir, C. Scollon, and M. Diener, 2013, Integrating the Diverse Definitions of Happiness: A Time-Sequential Framework of Subjective Well-Being, in A. Delle Fave, ed., The Exploration of Happiness: Present and Future Perspectives: Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, Happiness Studies Book Series, p. 47–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geosciences.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017, Fizzing Lakes May Explain “Magic Islands” On Saturn’s Moon Titan: IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Success Depends Upon Strong Management and Structured Approach, T-AIMD-97-173: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherman, L. J., 2009, Bridging the attachment transmission gap with maternal mind-mindedness and infant temperament, Doctoral dissertation: College Park, MD, University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002, Not on My Sidewalk: The Battle Over Street Trees: p. 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoag, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bochman and Schwacha, 2015; Hoag, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bochman and Schwacha, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kasahara et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geosciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1075-9565
ISSN (online)1526-0984
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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