How to format your references using the Environmental Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sachs, J. D., 2002, A new global effort to control malaria: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 298, no. 5591, p. 122–124.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yasunaga, M., and Y. Matsumura, 2014, Role of SLC6A6 in promoting the survival and multidrug resistance of colorectal cancer: Scientific reports, v. 4, p. 4852.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levine, J. H., Y. Lin, and M. B. Elowitz, 2013, Functional roles of pulsing in genetic circuits: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 342, no. 6163, p. 1193–1200.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Horwitz, G. A., K. Zhang, M. A. McBrian, M. Grunstein, S. K. Kurdistani, and A. J. Berk, 2008, Adenovirus small e1a alters global patterns of histone modification: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 321, no. 5892, p. 1084–1085.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guzinski, J., H. Abu-Rub, and P. Strankowski, 2015, Variable Speed AC Drives with Inverter Output Filters: Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sörensen, K., M. Sevaux, W. Habenicht, and M. J. Geiger (eds.), 2009, Metaheuristics in the Service Industry: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, X, 171 p. 42 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Medina, M.-J., 2016, Pandemic Influenza Planning for the Mental Health Security of Survivors of Mass Deaths, in A. J. Masys, ed., Exploring the Security Landscape: Non-Traditional Security Challenges: Cham, Springer International Publishing, Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications, p. 79–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014, Scientists Reveal How A Zombifying Virus Manipulates Its Caterpillar Host: IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988, [Comments on Responsibility for Peacetime Administration of Ready Reserve Fleet], B-229174.2: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hinchey, B. A., 2010, Punishing the Penitent: Disproportionate Fines in Recent FCPA Enforcements and Suggested Improvements, Doctoral dissertation: Washington, DC, George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Protess, B., and J. H. Davis, 2017, Trump Vows Cuts in Wall St. Rules From Obama Era: p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sachs, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sachs, 2002; Yasunaga and Matsumura, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yasunaga and Matsumura, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Horwitz et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geosciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1075-9565
ISSN (online)1526-0984
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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