How to format your references using the Environmental Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Matyjaszewski, K., 2011, Chemistry. Architecturally complex polymers with controlled heterogeneity: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 333, no. 6046, p. 1104–1105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fedo, C. M., and M. J. Whitehouse, 2002, Metasomatic origin of quartz-pyroxene rock, Akilia, Greenland, and implications for Earth’s earliest life: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 296, no. 5572, p. 1448–1452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai, S., Q. Xu, and Y. Qin, 2013, Vibration driven vehicle inspired from grass spike: Scientific reports, v. 3, p. 1851.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jiménez-Alcázar, M. et al., 2017, Host DNases prevent vascular occlusion by neutrophil extracellular traps: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 358, no. 6367, p. 1202–1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silk, R. D., and J. W. Lintott, 2011, Managing Foundations and Charitable Trusts: Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Venkateswar, S., and S. Bandyopadhyay (eds.), 2016, Globalisation and the Challenges of Development in Contemporary India: Singapore, Springer, Dynamics of Asian Development, XIII, 270 p. 10 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Beste, D. J. V., and J. McFadden, 2013, Metabolism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, in J. McFadden, D. J. V. Beste, and A. M. Kierzek, eds., Systems Biology of Tuberculosis: New York, NY, Springer, p. 55–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geosciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015, One-Third of Earth’s Largest Groundwater Basins are “in Distress”: IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999, Federal Trade Commission: Information on Proposed Regional Restructuring Effort, GGD-99-25: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Torres-Partida, A., 2014, Bridging the gap between faith based leaders and mental health professionals, Doctoral dissertation: Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017, Sprint Throws a Cash Lifeline to Struggling Tidal: p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Matyjaszewski, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fedo and Whitehouse, 2002; Matyjaszewski, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fedo and Whitehouse, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiménez-Alcázar et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geosciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1075-9565
ISSN (online)1526-0984
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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