How to format your references using the Environmental Geosciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geosciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tsukamoto, K., 2006, Oceanic biology: spawning of eels near a seamount: Nature, v. 439, no. 7079, p. 929.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ngai, J. T., and D. S. Srivastava, 2006, Predators accelerate nutrient cycling in a bromeliad ecosystem: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 314, no. 5801, p. 963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Locher, K. P., A. T. Lee, and D. C. Rees, 2002, The E. coli BtuCD structure: a framework for ABC transporter architecture and mechanism: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 296, no. 5570, p. 1091–1098.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gladstone, G. R. et al., 2010, LRO-LAMP observations of the LCROSS impact plume: Science (New York, N.Y.), v. 330, no. 6003, p. 472–476.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peters, M., D. Glasser, D. Hildebrandt, and S. Kauchali, 2011, Membrane Process Design Using Residue Curve Maps: Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Crivellaro, A., 2013, Atlas of Wood, Bark and Pith Anatomy of Eastern Mediterranean Trees and Shrubs: with a Special Focus on Cyprus: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, XII, 583 p. 2803 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Hutt, A., 2010, Finite Propagation Speeds in Spatially Extended Systems, in F. M. Atay, ed., Complex Time-Delay Systems: Theory and Applications: Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, Understanding Complex Systems, p. 151–176.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geosciences.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015, Mysterious “X-Files” Sounds Heard 36km Above Earth’s Surface: IFLScience: <; (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004, Survey of Supervisors at U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, an E-supplement to GAO-04-422, GAO-04-616SP: Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hong, P. K., 2013, Stomach cancer diet education and screening awareness in East Asian American women, Doctoral dissertation: Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001, New Bus Shelters on the Way, Customized for Your Corner: p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tsukamoto, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ngai and Srivastava, 2006; Tsukamoto, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ngai and Srivastava, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gladstone et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geosciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1075-9565
ISSN (online)1526-0984
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
General Environmental Science

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