How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Heckel DG. Ecology. Insecticide resistance after Silent spring. Science. 2012;337:1612–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Guzman J, Stern S. Innovation economics. Where is Silicon Valley? Science. 2015;347:606–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gaillard F, Scaillet B, Arndt NT. Atmospheric oxygenation caused by a change in volcanic degassing pressure. Nature. 2011;478:229–32.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Davidson G, Wu W, Shen J, Bilic J, Fenger U, Stannek P, et al. Casein kinase 1 gamma couples Wnt receptor activation to cytoplasmic signal transduction. Nature. 2005;438:867–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Morris AS. ISO 14000 Environmental Management Standards. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Cataldo A. Broadband Reflectometry for Enhanced Diagnostics and Monitoring Applications. De Benedetto E, Cannazza G, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Almejalli K, Dahal K, Hossain MA. Real Time Identification of Road Traffic Control Measures. In: Fink A, Rothlauf F, editors. Advances in Computational Intelligence in Transport, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. High-Intensity Workouts Could Slow Down Your Aging By Almost A Decade [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/highintensity-workouts-could-slow-down-your-aging-by-almost-a-decade/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Race To The Top: States Implementing Teacher and Principal Evaluation Systems despite Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Sep. Report No.: GAO-13-777.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Palmer CM. Intramural scheduling time preferences to increase student participation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Rothenberg B. Engaged Players Are on Same Side, Even in Singles. New York Times. 2017 Sep 22;SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-9134
ISSN (online)0973-7723
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Surgery

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