How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery (Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Scott AR. Stem cells: creating a cure-all. Nature. 2014;515:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shinar G, Feinberg M. Structural sources of robustness in biochemical reaction networks. Science. 2010;327:1389–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Song H, Stevens CF, Gage FH. Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature. 2002;417:39–44.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hoppe H-G, Gocke K, Koppe R, Begler C. Bacterial growth and primary production along a north-south transect of the Atlantic Ocean. Nature. 2002;416:168–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ibrahim RA. Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1. Burke EK, Kendall G, editors. Search Methodologies: Introductory Tutorials in Optimization and Decision Support Techniques. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nguyen CN, Pham TH, Tran VH. DC Programming and DCA Approach for Resource Allocation Optimization in OFDMA/TDD Wireless Networks. In: Le Thi HA, Nguyen NT, Do TV, editors. Advanced Computational Methods for Knowledge Engineering: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications - ICCSAMA 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 49–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. U.S. Halts Research On Viral Super-Strains, Citing Safety Concerns [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/us-halts-research-viral-super-strains-citing-safety-concerns/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Contracting for Computer Teleprocessing Services Can Be Improved. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983 Jun. Report No.: AFMD-83-60.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bhavsar KS. Application of wavelet on quasi-periodic physiologic signals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Currie A, Dixon H, Hay G. Auto Sales Defy The Statistics. New York Times. 2010 Jul 2;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-9134
ISSN (online)0973-7723
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Surgery

Other styles