How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Chan MA. PLANETARY SCIENCE. The martian lake chronicles. Science. 2015;350:167.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Vidale JE, Li Y-G. Damage to the shallow Landers fault from the nearby Hector Mine earthquake. Nature. 2003;421:524–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Isaacs FJ, Blake WJ, Collins JJ. Molecular biology. Signal processing in single cells. Science. 2005;307:1886–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chapelle FH, O’Neill K, Bradley PM, Methé BA, Ciufo SA, Knobel LL, et al. A hydrogen-based subsurface microbial community dominated by methanogens. Nature. 2002;415:312–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Goldberger AL, Goldberger ZD. Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Belli L, De Filippi P, editors. Net Neutrality Compendium: Human Rights, Free Competition and the Future of the Internet. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Andresen S, Gerarts K. Reconstructing Children’s Concepts: Some Theoretical Ideas and Empirical Findings on Education and the Good Life. In: Stoecklin D, Bonvin J-M, editors. Children’s Rights and the Capability Approach: Challenges and Prospects. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 85–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Dramatic Stellar Cycle Of Death And Rebirth Captured By European Space Observatory [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/dramatic-stellar-cycle-death-and-rebirth-captured-european-space-observatory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Competition: Effects on Consumers from Domestic Airline Alliances Vary. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Jan. Report No.: RCED-99-37.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Bai S. Identification and Characterization of Senescence-Associated Proteins in Petunia Corollas [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Fausset R. After Proudly Defying Washington, Hard-Hit Texas Needs Its Aid. New York Times. 2017 Sep 4;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-9134
ISSN (online)0973-7723
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Surgery

Other styles