How to format your references using the Applied Mechanics Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mechanics Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt, T., 2000, “Safety Concerns Force NASA to Condemn Satellite to Fiery End,” Nature, 404(6777), p. 423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casavecchia, P., and Alexander, M. H., 2013, “Chemistry. Uncloaking the Quantum Nature of Inelastic Molecular Collisions,” Science, 341(6150), pp. 1076–1077.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kao, M. H., Doupe, A. J., and Brainard, M. S., 2005, “Contributions of an Avian Basal Ganglia-Forebrain Circuit to Real-Time Modulation of Song,” Nature, 433(7026), pp. 638–643.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, H.-L., Yang, J., Boykin, L. M., Zhao, Q.-Y., Wang, Y.-J., Liu, S.-S., and Wang, X.-W., 2014, “Developing Conversed Microsatellite Markers and Their Implications in Evolutionary Analysis of the Bemisia Tabaci Complex,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 6351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gauthier, M., Andreff, N., and Dombre, E., 2014, Intracorporeal Robotics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, USA.
An edited book
Hadzic, F., 2010, Mining of Data with Complex Structures, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Klumpp, M., 2015, “Sustainable Humanitarian Logistics Research—A Conceptualization,” Humanitarian Logistics and Sustainability, M. Klumpp, S. de Leeuw, A. Regattieri, and R. de Souza, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mechanics Reviews.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016, “Texting While Walking Does Very Silly Things To Your Gait,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992, Intercollegiate Athletics: Revenues and Expenses, Gender and Minority Profiles, and Compensation in Athletic Departments, T-HRD-92-25, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan, M., 2010, “Acute Physiological Resonses to Yoga Activity in a Hot Environment,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2007, “Dmitri Prigov, 66, Poet Who Challenged Soviet Authority,” New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mechanics Reviews
AbbreviationAppl. Mech. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-6900
ISSN (online)1088-8535
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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