How to format your references using the Applied Mechanics Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mechanics Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirschmann, M. M., 2009, “Geochemistry. Ironing out the Oxidation of Earth’s Mantle,” Science, 325(5940), pp. 545–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norton, D. A., and Didham, R. K., 2007, “Comment on ‘Why Are There so Many Species of Herbivorous Insects in Tropical Rainforests?,’” Science, 315(5819), pp. 1666; author reply 1666.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaufman, T. C., Severson, D. W., and Robinson, G. E., 2002, “The Anopheles Genome and Comparative Insect Genomics,” Science, 298(5591), pp. 97–98.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, X., Bamba, M., Yuan, N., Zhang, Q., Zhao, Y., Xiang, M., Xu, K., Jin, Z., Ren, W., Ma, G., Cao, S., Turchinovich, D., and Kono, J., 2018, “Observation of Dicke Cooperativity in Magnetic Interactions,” Science, 361(6404), pp. 794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shanmugam, R., and Chattamvelli, R., 2015, Statistics for Scientists and Engineers, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
André, M. P., Jones, J. P., and Lee, H., eds., 2011, Acoustical Imaging: Volume 30, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Satsu, H., and Shimizu, M., 2006, “Food Factors That Regulate Intestinal Inflammation: Evaluation of the Factors by Using a Coculture System,” Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects, S. Iijima, and K.-I. Nishijima, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mechanics Reviews.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016, “This Simple Computer Game Seriously Boosts Children’s Math Skills,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995, Federal Research: Lessons Learned from the Pilot Technology Access Program, RCED-95-212, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gunathilaka, D., 2015, “Compliance with Dietary Restrictions among African American Older Adults with Chronic Kidney Disease in a Nursing Home Setting,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2007, “Roslyn Chooses New Schools Superintendent,” New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mechanics Reviews
AbbreviationAppl. Mech. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-6900
ISSN (online)1088-8535
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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