How to format your references using the Applied Mechanics Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mechanics Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hilton, D., 2015, “Practical Policies Can Combat Gender Inequality,” Nature, 523(7558), p. 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petcherski, A. G., and Kimble, J., 2000, “LAG-3 Is a Putative Transcriptional Activator in the C. Elegans Notch Pathway,” Nature, 405(6784), pp. 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boisvert, C. A., Mark-Kurik, E., and Ahlberg, P. E., 2008, “The Pectoral Fin of Panderichthys and the Origin of Digits,” Nature, 456(7222), pp. 636–638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Egea, P. F., Shan, S.-O., Napetschnig, J., Savage, D. F., Walter, P., and Stroud, R. M., 2004, “Substrate Twinning Activates the Signal Recognition Particle and Its Receptor,” Nature, 427(6971), pp. 215–221.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albalate, A., and Minker, W., 2013, Semi-Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Morrell, J., and Jackson, M. J., eds., 2009, Machining with Nanomaterials, Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, X., and Yang, J., 2012, “Dominance-Based Rough Sets in ‘?’ Incomplete Information System,” Incomplete Information System and Rough Set Theory: Models and Attribute Reductions, J. Yang, ed., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 169–192.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mechanics Reviews.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015, “Celestial Fireworks Due in 2018 When a Pulsar Passes Through the Atmosphere of a Giant Star,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017, Indian Affairs: Further Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability for School Safety Inspections, GAO-17-421, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Englebrecht, K. M., 2012, “Healing the Invisible Wounds: A Grant Proposal for Female Veterans Suffering from PTSD,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blumenthal, R., and Greenhouse, L., 2007, “Texas Planning New Execution Despite Ruling,” New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mechanics Reviews
AbbreviationAppl. Mech. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-6900
ISSN (online)1088-8535
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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