How to format your references using the Applied Mechanics Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mechanics Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N., 2010, “Science in the Digital Age,” Nature, 467(7317), pp. S19-21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ohlstein, B., and Spradling, A., 2007, “Multipotent Drosophila Intestinal Stem Cells Specify Daughter Cell Fates by Differential Notch Signaling,” Science, 315(5814), pp. 988–992.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qian, L., Winfree, E., and Bruck, J., 2011, “Neural Network Computation with DNA Strand Displacement Cascades,” Nature, 475(7356), pp. 368–372.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jahanshahi, P., Zalnezhad, E., Sekaran, S. D., and Adikan, F. R. M., 2014, “Rapid Immunoglobulin M-Based Dengue Diagnostic Test Using Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor,” Sci. Rep., 4, p. 3851.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yan, S. Y., 2012, Computational Number Theory and Modern Cryptography, John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Fusionopolis Walk, Singapore.
An edited book
Futatsugi, K., Jouannaud, J.-P., and Meseguer, J., eds., 2006, Algebra, Meaning, and Computation: Essays Dedicated to Joseph A. Goguen on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fairman, D., Chigas, D., McClintock, E., and Drager, N., 2012, “Meeting Implementation Challenges,” Negotiating Public Health in a Globalized World: Global Health Diplomacy in Action, D. Chigas, E. McClintock, and N. Drager, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 81–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mechanics Reviews.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015, “Fossil of Earliest Known Baboon Unearthed in South Africa,” IFLScience [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009, Public Transportation: FTA’s Triennial Review Program Has Improved, But Assessments of Grantees’ Performance Could Be Enhanced, GAO-09-603, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish, S. B., 2014, “Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., 2017, “Unilever to Buy South Korean Skin Care Specialist,” New York Times, p. B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mechanics Reviews
AbbreviationAppl. Mech. Rev.
ISSN (print)0003-6900
ISSN (online)1088-8535
ScopeMechanical Engineering

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