How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond J. Ecology. Dammed experiments! Science. 2001 Nov 30;294(5548):1847–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Löytynoja A, Goldman N. Evolution. Uniting alignments and trees. Science. 2009 Jun 19;324(5934):1528–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alonso S, Sagués F, Mikhailov AS. Taming Winfree turbulence of scroll waves in excitable media. Science. 2003 Mar 14;299(5613):1722–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Urich E, Patsch C, Aigner S, Graf M, Iacone R, Freskgård P-O. Multicellular self-assembled spheroidal model of the blood brain barrier. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balakrishnan N, Koutras MV. Runs and Scans with Applications: Balakrishnan/Runs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics).
An edited book
Clausen U, Friedrich H, Thaller C, Geiger C, editors. Commercial Transport: Proceedings of the 2nd Interdiciplinary Conference on Production Logistics and Traffic 2015. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XV, 440 p. 162 illus., 85 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Logistics).
A chapter in an edited book
Bengel FM. Positron Emission Tomography. In: Anagnostopoulos CD, Nihoyannopoulos P, Bax JJ, Wall E van der, editors. Noninvasive Imaging of Myocardial Ischemia. London: Springer; 2006. p. 79–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Neon Spotted In The Moon’s Atmosphere For The First Time Ever [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Preliminary Observations on Commercialized Air Navigation Service Providers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Apr. Report No.: GAO-05-542T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers KE. The First Determination of the Proton’s Weak Charge Through Parity-Violating Asymmetry Measurements in Elastic e + p and e + Al Scattering [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker AL, McKINLEY JC Jr. City Agency Shuts Down Group Home Where 3 Teenage Rape Suspects Lived. New York Times. 2015 Jun 4;A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-0358
ISSN (online)1998-376X

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