How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stock J. Geophysics. Hotspots come unstuck. Science. 2003 Aug 22;301(5636):1059–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jones JH, Handcock MS. Social networks: Sexual contacts and epidemic thresholds. Nature. 2003 Jun 5;423(6940):605–6; discussion 606.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Matsunami H, Montmayeur JP, Buck LB. A family of candidate taste receptors in human and mouse. Nature. 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):601–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Klein TA, Neumann J, Reuter M, Hennig J, von Cramon DY, Ullsperger M. Genetically determined differences in learning from errors. Science. 2007 Dec 7;318(5856):1642–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jarry P, Beneat J. Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Cook D. Interactive and Dynamic Graphics for Data Analysis: With R and Ggobi. Swayne DF, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. XVIII, 188 p. (Use R!).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Keeton JT. History of Nitrite and Nitrate in Food. In: Bryan NS, Loscalzo J, editors. Nitrite and Nitrate in Human Health and Disease. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011. p. 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Researchers Discover Vaccine-Resistant Polio Strain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-discover-vaccine-resistant-polio-strain/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Issues Associated with Midterm Implementation of Capabilities and Full System Transformation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Mar. Report No.: GAO-09-481T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Hirschy MA. Differences in usage of federally funded insurance options by women [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Smith M, Pérez-Peña R, Bromwich JE. Iowa Man Surrenders After Two Police Officers Are Ambushed Overnight. New York Times. 2016 Nov 2;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-0358
ISSN (online)1998-376X
ScopeSurgery

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