How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gouverneur V. Chemistry. A new departure in fluorination chemistry. Science. 2009 Sep 25;325(5948):1630–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margoliash D, Hale ME. Neuroscience. Vertebrate vocalizations. Science. 2008 Jul 18;321(5887):347–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal E, Heidinger-Pauli JM, Koshland D. DNA double-strand breaks trigger genome-wide sister-chromatid cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7). Science. 2007 Jul 13;317(5835):245–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Strobel P, Riedel M, Ristein J, Ley L. Surface transfer doping of diamond. Nature. 2004 Jul 22;430(6998):439–41.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stein PD. Pulmonary Embolism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Rainieri C. Operational Modal Analysis of Civil Engineering Structures: An Introduction and Guide for Applications. Fabbrocino G, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. XX, 322 p. 100 illus., 67 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Lucas JC, Schroeder D, Arnason G, Andanda P, Kimani J, Fournier V, et al. Donating Human Samples: Who Benefits? Cases from Iceland, Kenya and Indonesia. In: Schroeder D, Cook Lucas J, editors. Benefit Sharing: From Biodiversity to Human Genetics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 95–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronomers Have Spotted Something Very, Very Strange Surrounding A Distant Star [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Help Address Security Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Jun. Report No.: GAO-03-843.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mathus MA. The Relationship between Teacher Evaluation Ratings and Student Achievement in a Rural, Midwest School District [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices, 5 to 4, Overturn 3 Texas Death Sentences. New York Times. 2007 Apr 26;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-0358
ISSN (online)1998-376X

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