How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan H. A grassroots revolution. Nature. 2001 Nov 8;414(6860):6–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottlieb RA, Bernstein D. METABOLISM. Mitochondria shape cardiac metabolism. Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dehaene-Lambertz G, Dehaene S, Hertz-Pannier L. Functional neuroimaging of speech perception in infants. Science. 2002 Dec 6;298(5600):2013–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rydell-Törmänen K, Andréasson K, Hesselstrand R, Westergren-Thorsson G. Absence of fibromodulin affects matrix composition, collagen deposition and cell turnover in healthy and fibrotic lung parenchyma. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 18;4:6383.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vassiliou PCG. Discrete-time Asset Pricing Models in Applied Stochastic Finance. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Järveläinen J, Li H, Tuikka AM, Kuusela T, editors. Co-created Effective, Agile, and Trusted eServices: 15th International Conference on Electronic Commerce, ICEC 2013, Turku, Finland, August 13-15, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XVIII, 163 p. 30 illus. (Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing; vol. 155).
A chapter in an edited book
Lewis J. BPA and Dental Materials. In: Eliades T, Eliades G, editors. Plastics in Dentistry and Estrogenicity: A Guide to Safe Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 117–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Taub B. Autism-Like Behavior In Mice Reversed After Treatment With A Common Gut Bacteria [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Executive Guide: Measuring Performance and Demonstrating Results of Information Technology Investments (Exposure Draft) (Superseded by AIMD-98-99). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Sep. Report No.: AIMD-97-163.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warren JS. Trust in immediate supervisor, trust in top management, organizational trust precursors: Predictors of organizational effectiveness [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Bullpen Wastes a Sparkling Performance by deGrom. New York Times. 2017 Apr 16;SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-0358
ISSN (online)1998-376X

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