How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmes D. Addiction: 4 big questions. Nature. 2015 Jun 25;522(7557):S63.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sieweke MH, Allen JE. Beyond stem cells: self-renewal of differentiated macrophages. Science. 2013 Nov 22;342(6161):1242974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knill E, Laflamme R, Milburn GJ. A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics. Nature. 2001 Jan 4;409(6816):46–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lapointe C, Hultgren A, Silevitch DM, Felton EJ, Reich DH, Leheny RL. Elastic torque and the levitation of metal wires by a nematic liquid crystal. Science. 2004 Jan 30;303(5658):652–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levin MA, Kalal TT. Improving Product Reliability. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Bongiovanni G, Sartor G, Valentini C, editors. Reasonableness and Law. 1st ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. XVII, 464 p. (Law and Philosophy Library; vol. 86).
A chapter in an edited book
Amarasingam A, Poologaindran A. Diaspora, Development, and Intra-community Politics: Sri Lankan Tamils in Canada and Post-War Debates. In: Chikanda A, Crush J, Walton-Roberts M, editors. Diasporas, Development and Governance. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 49–63. (Global Migration Issues).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery.

Blog post
Fang J. New Pulsar Resolution is One Million Times More Precise [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Better Management of Federal Grant and Loan Forgiveness Programs for Teachers Needed to Improve Participant Outcomes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Feb. Report No.: GAO-15-314.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nevin MJ. Addressing the Learning Outcomes and Assessment Methods Associated with Participation in Student Government Associations: A Qualitative Study of California Community Colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Back to America, Trailing His Legend. New York Times. 1999 Jan 10;29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Plastic Surgery
AbbreviationIndian J. Plast. Surg.
ISSN (print)0970-0358
ISSN (online)1998-376X

Other styles