How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Loder N. UK labs impeded by old equipment. Nature. 2000;405:496.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hinck S, Schiermeier Q. Will industry play a bigger role in Europe’s aims to promote mobility among postdocs? Nature. 2003;421:296–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shankar N, Baghdayan AS, Gilmore MS. Modulation of virulence within a pathogenicity island in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis. Nature. 2002;417:746–50.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brown RH, Soderblom LA, Soderblom JM, Clark RN, Jaumann R, Barnes JW, et al. The identification of liquid ethane in Titan’s Ontario Lacus. Nature. 2008;454:607–10.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Sallaberry C. Geographical Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Kaskutas LA, Galanter M, editors. Recent Developments in Alcoholism: Research on Alcoholics Anonymous and Spirituality in Addiction Recovery. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Stahl G. Interactional Methods and Social Practices in VMT. In: Stahl G, editor. Studying Virtual Math Teams. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2009. p. 41–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Hale T. What’s The Story Behind These Weird Rock Spheres Found In Siberia? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Land Management Systems: Progress and Risks in Developing BLM’s Land and Mineral Record System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 Aug. Report No.: AIMD-95-180.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Berkowitz ES. Some novel phenomena at high density [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Billard M. Lord & Taylor Lets the Light In. New York Times. 2010 Oct 21;E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0970-1915
ISSN (online)0974-0422
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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