How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Delft J. MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS: Quantum Dots as Tunable Kondo Impurities. Science. 2000;289:2064–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Bays PM, Husain M. Dynamic shifts of limited working memory resources in human vision. Science. 2008;321:851–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kumar G, Tang HX, Schroers J. Nanomoulding with amorphous metals. Nature. 2009;457:868–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shan C-J, Cheng W-W, Liu J-B, Cheng Y-S, Liu T-K. Scaling of geometric quantum discord close to a topological phase transition. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pascoe N. Reliability Technology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1. Warf B, editor. Encounters and Engagements between Economic and Cultural Geography. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Richardson S, Gilmour N. Table. In: Gilmour N, editor. Intelligence and Security Oversight: An Annotated Bibliography and Comparative Analysis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 13–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Extra “Mystery” Neurons Make Males Prioritize Sex [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/extra-mystery-neurons-make-males-prioritize-sex/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Restructured Federal Approach Needed for More Focused, Performance-Based, and Sustainable Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Mar. Report No.: GAO-08-400.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gates DA. Best Practices and Strategies for Financial Literacy in Faith-Based Organizations [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Baker AL. Murder Charge for Officer In Bronx Woman’s Death. New York Times. 2017 May 31;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0970-1915
ISSN (online)0974-0422
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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