How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mungiu-Pippidi A. Corruption: Good governance powers innovation. Nature. 2015;518:295–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Custers R, Aarts H. The unconscious will: how the pursuit of goals operates outside of conscious awareness. Science. 2010;329:47–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Snyder A, Pamer E, Wolchok J. IMMUNOTHERAPY. Could microbial therapy boost cancer immunotherapy? Science. 2015;350:1031–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ilton M, Bhamla MS, Ma X, Cox SM, Fitchett LL, Kim Y, et al. The principles of cascading power limits in small, fast biological and engineered systems. Science. 2018;360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hitz CB, Ewing J, Hecht J. Introduction to Laser Technology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Phillips F, Lieberman I, Polly D, editors. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: Surgical Techniques and Disease Management. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Girolomoni G, Gisondi P, Pastore S. Dermatite atopica: eziopatogenesi. In: Gelmetti C, editor. La scuola dell’atopia. Milano: Springer; 2007. p. 49–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Researchers Create DNA “Tape Recorder” To Track Individual Cell’s Development. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Space Project Testing: Uniform Policies and Added Controls Would Strengthen Testing Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-91-248.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Wolodkowicz R. Leadership qualities and employee-student future intentions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Antilla S. 69 Red Flags Catch Up to a Broker. New York Times. 2015 May 19;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0970-1915
ISSN (online)0974-0422
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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