How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Franz M. Physics. In praise of exact quantization. Science. 2010;329:639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moiseff A, Copeland J. Firefly synchrony: a behavioral strategy to minimize visual clutter. Science. 2010;329:181.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Armitage JJ, Collier JS, Minshull TA. The importance of rift history for volcanic margin formation. Nature. 2010;465:913–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schafer ZT, Grassian AR, Song L, Jiang Z, Gerhart-Hines Z, Irie HY, et al. Antioxidant and oncogene rescue of metabolic defects caused by loss of matrix attachment. Nature. 2009;461:109–13.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Jacobsson M, Niemegeers I, Heemstra de Groot S. Personal Networks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Cordeiro J, Shishkov B, Ranchordas A, Helfert M, editors. Software and Data Technologies: Third International Conference, ICSOFT 2008, Porto, Portugal, July 22-24, 2008, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang Z, Pan L, Li J, Li S, Li M, Tang J. Boosting to Build a Large-Scale Cross-Lingual Ontology. In: Chen H, Ji H, Sun L, Wang H, Qian T, Ruan T, editors. Knowledge Graph and Semantic Computing: Semantic, Knowledge, and Linked Big Data: First China Conference, CCKS 2016, Beijing, China, September 19-22, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 41–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Carpineti A. Earth’s Day Will Be One Minute Longer In 6.7 Million Years [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Progress Made in Fostering Partnerships, but National Strategy Remains Largely Descriptive Rather Than Strategic. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Apr. Report No.: GAO-09-638T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Fichera M. Transport of seawater and its influence on the transverse tensile strength of unidirectional composite materials [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Barker K, Taylor K. Teacher Known as Cool Friend, Until His Arrest. New York Times. 2014 Oct 2;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0970-1915
ISSN (online)0974-0422
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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