How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bers DM. Cardiac excitation-contraction coupling. Nature. 2002;415:198–205.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hammock EAD, Young LJ. Microsatellite instability generates diversity in brain and sociobehavioral traits. Science. 2005;308:1630–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lu J, Li W-H, Wu C-I. Comment on “Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence-accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes.” Science. 2003;302:988; author reply 988.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Suenaga K, Tence M, Mory C, Colliex C, Kato H, Okazaki T, et al. Element-selective single atom imaging. Science. 2000;290:2280–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Savaux V, Louët Y. MMSE-Based Algorithm for Joint Signal Detection, Channel and Noise Variance Estimation for OFDM Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Berry MW, Castellanos M, editors. Survey of Text Mining II: Clustering, Classification, and Retrieval. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Lin L, Hedayat AS, Wu W. Sample Size and Power. In: Hedayat AS, Wu W, editors. Statistical Tools for Measuring Agreement. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 71–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Request for Information Concerning Space Transportation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Apr. Report No.: B-202664.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Terrell S. How Global Leaders Develop: A Phenomenological Study of Global Leadership Development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly LCC. PEARL HARBOR’S INFAMY, MY FATHER’S FAME. New York Times. 1981 Dec 5;125.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Clin. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0970-1915
ISSN (online)0974-0422
ScopeClinical Biochemistry

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