How to format your references using the Indian Heart Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Heart Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuhrer MS. Physics. Critical mass in graphene. Science. 2013;340(6139):1413-1414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Magnus D, Cho MK. Ethics. Issues in oocyte donation for stem cell research. Science. 2005;308(5729):1747-1748.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen G, Zhuchenko O, Kuspa A. Immune-like phagocyte activity in the social amoeba. Science. 2007;317(5838):678-681.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Leduc G, Vidal L, Tachikawa K, et al. Moisture transport across Central America as a positive feedback on abrupt climatic changes. Nature. 2007;445(7130):908-911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balmori D. Drawing and Reinventing Landscape. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Fabrikant SI, Wachowicz M, eds. The European Information Society: Leading the Way with Geo-Information. Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Diudea MV, Nagy CL. Counting Polynomials of Nanostructures. In: Diudea MV, Nagy CL, eds. Periodic Nanostructures. Developments in Fullerene Science. Springer Netherlands; 2007:69-114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Heart Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. A Matter Of Degrees: Why 2C Warming Is Officially Unsafe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Weather Service: Budget Events and Continuing Risks of Systems Modernization. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castro R. Faculty unions and their effects on university shared governance. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Turkewitz J, Stolberg SG, Eligon J, Blinder A. Before the Gunfire in Virginia, A Volatile Home Life in Illinois. New York Times. June 17, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Heart Journal
AbbreviationIndian Heart J.
ISSN (print)0019-4832
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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