How to format your references using the Indian Dermatology Online Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Dermatology Online Journal (IDOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett BA. Geophysics. The enigmatic inner core. Science 2010;328:982–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ge X, He S. Experimental realization of an open cavity. Sci Rep 2014;4:5965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayadas AF, Bourne J, Bacsich P. Online education today. Science 2009;323:85–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Barik AR, Bapna M, Drabold DA, Adarsh KV. Ultrafast light induced unusually broad transient absorption in the sub-bandgap region of GeSe2 thin film. Sci Rep 2014;4:3686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Rewini H, Abd-El-Barr M. Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Paha J, editor. Competition Law Compliance Programmes: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Apostolopoulos V, Daniell G, Chung A. Complex Refractive Index Determination Using Planar and Converging Beam Transfer Functions. In: Peiponen K-E, Zeitler A, Kuwata-Gonokami M, editors. Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging. Springer Series in Optical Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:81–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

Blog post
Luntz S. If Color Affects Taxi Safety, Which Shade Is Safest? [homepage on the Internet] IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Improvement of Certain Management Areas. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller PM. A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. ‘Great Comet’ Shines Bright. New York Times. May 2, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Dermatology Online Journal
AbbreviationIndian Dermatol. Online J.
ISSN (print)2229-5178
ISSN (online)2249-5673

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