How to format your references using the Indian Dermatology Online Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Dermatology Online Journal (IDOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Dinman JD. Molecular biology: Entry signals control development. Nature 2015;517:24–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Martin W, Koonin EV. Introns and the origin of nucleus-cytosol compartmentalization. Nature 2006;440:41–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Desai TJ, Brownfield DG, Krasnow MA. Alveolar progenitor and stem cells in lung development, renewal and cancer. Nature 2014;507:190–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chakhalian J, Freeland JW, Habermeier H-U, et al. Orbital reconstruction and covalent bonding at an oxide interface. Science 2007;318:1114–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kroupa VF. Phase Lock Loops and Frequency Synthesis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Lupu M, Kanoulas E, Loizides F, editors. Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 6th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2013, Limassol, Cyprus, October 7-9, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8201. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cao L, Zhang C, Yu PS, Zhao Y. Knowledge Actionability. In: Yu PS, Zhang C, Zhao Y, editors. Domain Driven Data Mining. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010:75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Kidney Failing? Grow A New One. [homepage on the Internet] IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/kidney-failing-grow-new-one/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FAA Staffing: Improvements Needed in Estimating Air Traffic Controller Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Canan D. Action Research Study on the Gradual Release of Responsibility, Critical Thinking Skills and Use of Intertextuality in a Midwest Suburban High School Setting. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. For Giddyup, Give a Horse a Holiday. New York Times. April 18, 2010:WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Dermatology Online Journal
AbbreviationIndian Dermatol. Online J.
ISSN (print)2229-5178
ISSN (online)2249-5673
Scope

Other styles