How to format your references using the Indian Dermatology Online Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Dermatology Online Journal (IDOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Boger DL. ORGANIC SYNTHESIS. When sugar is not so sweet. Science 2015;350:275–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pienitz R, Vincent WF. Effect of climate change relative to ozone depletion on UV exposure in subarctic lakes. Nature 2000;404:484–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Irigoien X, Huisman J, Harris RP. Global biodiversity patterns of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton. Nature 2004;429:863–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Namy O, Moran SJ, Stuart DI, Gilbert RJC, Brierley I. A mechanical explanation of RNA pseudoknot function in programmed ribosomal frameshifting. Nature 2006;441:244–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Chen K-H. Power Management Techniques for Integrated Circuit Design. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Pisani M, editor. Aging and Lung Disease: A Clinical Guide. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rozanov VV, Kokhanovsky AA. Impact of single- and multi-layered cloudiness on ozone vertical column retrievals using nadir observations of backscattered solar radiation. In: Kokhanovsky AA, editor. Light Scattering Reviews 3: Light Scattering and Reflection. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008:133–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Large Feathered, Winged Dinosaur Was Close Relative Of Velociraptor. [homepage on the Internet] IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/large-carnivorous-dinosaur-had-bird-wings/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Department of Education’s Actions To Collect Defaulted Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Robinson AC. A Geophysical and Geological Characterization of the Bonanza 3D Survey, Claiborne Group, Saint Landry and Evangeline Parishes, Louisiana. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Neuman W. Fleeing an Uncertain Future in Venezuela. New York Times. August 27, 2015:A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Dermatology Online Journal
AbbreviationIndian Dermatol. Online J.
ISSN (print)2229-5178
ISSN (online)2249-5673
Scope

Other styles