How to format your references using the Indian Dermatology Online Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Dermatology Online Journal (IDOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S. Vaccines: An age-old problem. Nature 2013;502:S8-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Glass K, Girvan M. Annotation enrichment analysis: an alternative method for evaluating the functional properties of gene sets. Sci Rep 2014;4:4191.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul M, Puchtel IS, Walker RJ. Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature 2015;520:530–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jones MWM, Elgass K, Junker MD, et al. Mapping biological composition through quantitative phase and absorption X-ray ptychography. Sci Rep 2014;4:6796.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiMarzio JF. Beginning Android® Programming with Android Studio. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Colombo E. Financial Market Imperfections and Corporate Decisions: Lessons from the Transition Process in Hungary. (Stanca L, editor) Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Asatiani R. A Dynamic Conceptual Model for the Linguistic Structuring of Space: Georgian Preverbs. In: Bosch P, Gabelaia D, Lang J, editors. Logic, Language, and Computation: 7th International Tbilisi Symposium on Logic, Language, and Computation, TbiLLC 2007, Tbilisi, Georgia, October 1-5, 2007. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009:38–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

Blog post
Andrews R. “Compelling Evidence” Of Ancient Pharaonic Tombs Discovered In Egypt. [homepage on the Internet] IFLScience. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration’s Acquisition of the Advanced Automation System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gao H. Extracting Key Features for Analysis and Recognition in Computer Vision. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Spacewalk. New York Times. May 27, 2012:ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Dermatology Online Journal
AbbreviationIndian Dermatol. Online J.
ISSN (print)2229-5178
ISSN (online)2249-5673

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