How to format your references using the Indian Dermatology Online Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Dermatology Online Journal (IDOJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Minsky M. Time for an aspirin. Nature 2000;403:592.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brown E, Jaeger HM. Materials science. Through thick and thin. Science 2011;333:1230–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Grevemeyer I, Herber R, Essen HH. Microseismological evidence for a changing wave climate in the northeast Atlantic Ocean. Nature 2000;408:349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Mata-Haro V, Cekic C, Martin M, Chilton PM, Casella CR, Mitchell TC. The vaccine adjuvant monophosphoryl lipid A as a TRIF-biased agonist of TLR4. Science 2007;316:1628–32.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dormieux L, Kondo D. Micromechanics of Fracture and Damage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
McSweeney PLH, Fox PF, editors. Advanced Dairy Chemistry: Volume 1A: Proteins: Basic Aspects, 4th Edition. 4th ed. 2013. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McLaurin BT, Elliott AC, Torres N. Erratum to: Reconstructing Human-Landscape Interactions – Volume I. In: Elliott AC, Torres N, editors. Reconstructing Human-Landscape Interactions - Volume 1: Interpreting Desert and Fluvial Environments. SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:E1–E1.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Dermatology Online Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Turn to YouTube to Understand Chelyabinsk Asteroid Impact. [homepage on the Internet] IFLScience. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-turn-youtube-understand-chelyabinsk-asteroid-impact/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. District of Columbia Public Schools: Availability of Funds and the Cost of FY 1997 Roof Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ray SJ. Departmentalized Classroom Environments Versus Traditional Classroom Environments in Second Through Fourth Grades: A Quantitative Analysis. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Solzhenitsyn, Ready For Another Close-Up. New York Times. March 20, 2006:E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Dermatology Online Journal
AbbreviationIndian Dermatol. Online J.
ISSN (print)2229-5178
ISSN (online)2249-5673
Scope

Other styles