How to format your references using the Immunologic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunologic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hernandez ER. No room on the carousel for meeting of like minds. Nature. 2000;407:285.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Panthi D, Tsutsumi A. Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell based on a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia support. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5754.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Roseboom W, Kawabe T, Nishida S. The cross-modal double flash illusion depends on featural similarity between cross-modal inducers. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3437.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Asara JM, Schweitzer MH, Freimark LM, Phillips M, Cantley LC. Protein sequences from mastodon and Tyrannosaurus rex revealed by mass spectrometry. Science. 2007;316:280–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Curry SH, Whelpton R. Drug Disposition and Pharmacokinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Bossomaier T. An Introduction to Transfer Entropy: Information Flow in Complex Systems. Barnett L, Harré M, Lizier JT, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Yadav SS, Stevenson PC, Rizvi AH, Manohar M, Gailing S, Mateljan G. Uses and Consumption. In: Yadav SS, McNeil DL, Stevenson PC, editors. Lentil: An Ancient Crop for Modern Times. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunologic Research.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Chimpanzees use hand gestures to locate food [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimpanzees-use-hand-gestures-locate-food/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. High Risk Series: NASA Contract Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Dec. Report No.: HR-93-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Cebada-Ricalde MC. Synthesis and characterization of PANI-coated VGCNFs and evaluation of its use for corrosion inhibition [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Tough Architect of the Mets. New York Times. 2017 Mar 11;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunologic Research
AbbreviationImmunol. Res.
ISSN (print)0257-277X
ISSN (online)1559-0755
ScopeImmunology

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