How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleiner R (2007) Applied physics. Filling the terahertz gap. Science 318:1254–1255
A journal article with 2 authors
Niehoff DL, Rhodes R (2000) Ideas about the development of violent behavior. Science 290:1093c–5c
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg RW, Alaburda A, Hounsgaard J (2007) Balanced inhibition and excitation drive spike activity in spinal half-centers. Science 315:390–393
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dunne L, Eales S, Ivison R, et al (2003) Type II supernovae as a significant source of interstellar dust. Nature 424:285–287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Šolín P (2005) Partial Differential Equations and the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bychkov V, Golubkov G, Nikitin A (eds) (2010) The Atmosphere and Ionosphere: Dynamics, Processes and Monitoring. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Apsel A, Wang X, Dokania R (2014) Traditional Synchronization in Radio Systems. In: Wang X, Dokania R (eds) Design of Ultra-Low Power Impulse Radios. Springer, New York, NY, pp 71–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Tomb of Ancient, Unknown Queen Discovered In Egypt. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tomb-unknown-egyptian-queen-discovered-egypt/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) DP Insurance: A Management Tool. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safarian Bahri P (2017) Erosion Rate Prediction Model for Levee-Floodwall Overtopping Applications in Fine-Grained Soils. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2007) Iran: Russia Delays Nuclear Plant To 2008. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleiner 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Niehoff and Rhodes 2000; Kleiner 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Niehoff and Rhodes 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Dunne et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
AbbreviationImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211
ScopeGenetics
Immunology

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