How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grayson M (2012) Malaria. Nature 484:S13
A journal article with 2 authors
Becker H, Walker RJ (2003) Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature 425:152–155
A journal article with 3 authors
Hartl FU, Bracher A, Hayer-Hartl M (2011) Molecular chaperones in protein folding and proteostasis. Nature 475:324–332
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Koebel CM, Vermi W, Swann JB, et al (2007) Adaptive immunity maintains occult cancer in an equilibrium state. Nature 450:903–907

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker KR (2011) Optimization Modeling with Spreadsheets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gao F (2014) Channel Estimation for Physical Layer Network Coding Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Huseynova SA, Mahmudov H, Mustafayev II (2013) Photochemical Decomposition of Hydrogen Sulphide in the Gas Mixtures and Generation Molecular Hydrogen. In: Veziroğlu A, Tsitskishvili M (eds) Black Sea Energy Resource Development and Hydrogen Energy Problems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 47–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) World’s First Solar And Seawater-Powered Farm Opens In Australia. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/worlds-first-solar-and-seawaterpowered-farm-opens-in-australia/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Transportation Security: TSA Has Made Progress in Implementing the Transportation Worker Identification Credential Program, but Challenges Remain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caltrider CS (2017) Critical Pedagogy Unit of Ceramics Instruction: Fostering Civic Engagement in California High School Students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2011) Letter of the Law 1, Proportion 0. New York Times SP4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grayson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Becker and Walker 2003; Grayson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker and Walker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Koebel et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
AbbreviationImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211
ScopeGenetics
Immunology

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