How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibbons A (2015) Archaeology. Humans may have reached Chile by 18,500 years ago. Science 350:898
A journal article with 2 authors
Farley KA, Mukhopadhyay S (2001) An extraterrestrial impact at the Permian-Triassic boundary? Science 293:2343
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacobson MZ, Colella WG, Golden DM (2005) Cleaning the air and improving health with hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles. Science 308:1901–1905
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Benson PM, Vinciguerra S, Meredith PG, Young RP (2008) Laboratory simulation of volcano seismicity. Science 322:249–252

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li F-C, Yu B, Wei J-J, Kawaguchi Y (2011) Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., Singapore
An edited book
Malek S (ed) (2013) Advances in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Macrander A (2015) Spatial (In)Justice. In: Pritchard RMO, Klumpp M, Teichler U (eds) Diversity and Excellence in Higher Education: Can the Challenges be Reconciled? SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 71–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) US-Born NASA Scientist Detained At Airport And Told To Hand Over Smartphone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) [Comments on Proposal To Add Subpart to FAR]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk J (2010) Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gimenez S (2011) When a Decision Letter Is From Mom’s Alma Mater. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibbons 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Farley and Mukhopadhyay 2001; Gibbons 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Farley and Mukhopadhyay 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Benson et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211

Other styles