How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic P (2006) Neuroscience. No more cortical neurons for you. Science 313:928–929
A journal article with 2 authors
Abouheif E, Wray GA (2002) Evolution of the gene network underlying wing polyphenism in ants. Science 297:249–252
A journal article with 3 authors
Bai T, Pollard DD, Gao H (2000) Explanation for fracture spacing in layered materials. Nature 403:753–756
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Greenberg AJ, Moran JR, Coyne JA, Wu C-I (2003) Ecological adaptation during incipient speciation revealed by precise gene replacement. Science 302:1754–1757

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gallant BJ (2006) Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Manual. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Potegal M, Stemmler G, Spielberger C (eds) (2010) International Handbook of Anger: Constituent and Concomitant Biological, Psychological, and Social Processes. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Deuter A, Koch H-J (2015) Applying Manufacturing Performance Figures to Measure Software Development Excellence. In: Kobyliński A, Czarnacka-Chrobot B, Świerczek J (eds) Software Measurement: 25th International Workshop on Software Measurement and 10th International Conference on Software Process and Product Measurement, IWSM-Mensura 2015, Kraków, Poland, October 5-7, 2015, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 62–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Major Breakthrough Made In Stem Cell Research. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) ADP Modernization: FCC’s Automation Planning Is Inadequate. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beasley CA (2010) Investigations of redox-labeled silica and gold nanoparticles in solution and as films on electrodes. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Knickers In a Twist Over a Hint Of Color. New York Times B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Abouheif and Wray 2002; Rakic 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abouheif and Wray 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Greenberg et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211

Other styles