How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody H (2015) Colorectal cancer. Nature 521:S1
A journal article with 2 authors
Jallepalli PV, Pellman D (2007) Cell biology. Aneuploidy in the balance. Science 317:904–905
A journal article with 3 authors
Royle NJ, Hartley IR, Parker GA (2002) Sexual conflict reduces offspring fitness in zebra finches. Nature 416:733–736
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu X, Li H, Li R, et al (2014) Strong non-classical induction forces in ion-surface interactions: general origin of Hofmeister effects. Sci Rep 4:5047

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos EC Jr, Cabral da Silva ER (2014) ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Mróz Z, Stavroulakis GE (eds) (2005) Parameter Identification of Materials and Structures. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Gross EKU, Maitra NT (2012) Introduction to TDDFT. In: Marques MAL, Maitra NT, Nogueira FMS, et al. (eds) Fundamentals of Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Evans K (2017) First Global Analysis Of Alien Species Reveals World’s “Hotspots.” In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/first-global-analysis-of-alien-species-reveals-worlds-hotspots/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Proposed Procedure for Access by GAO to Records of Students in the Murphy School District. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder K (2017) Easing Stress by Helping Others: How Corporate Volunteer Programs Impact the Stress of Employees Within an Organization. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B (2017) Win Doesn’t Quiet Talk Over a Suspicious Loss. New York Times SP5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jallepalli and Pellman 2007; Brody 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jallepalli and Pellman 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
AbbreviationImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211
ScopeGenetics
Immunology

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