How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt S (2014) Comparative biology: Naked ambition. Nature 509:S60-1
A journal article with 2 authors
Chirik PJ, Wieghardt K (2010) Chemistry. Radical ligands confer nobility on base-metal catalysts. Science 327:794–795
A journal article with 3 authors
André P, Ward-Thompson D, Greaves J (2012) Interferometric identification of a pre-brown dwarf. Science 337:69–72
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bendick R, Bilham R, Freymueller J, et al (2000) Geodetic evidence for a low slip rate in the Altyn Tagh fault system. Nature 404:69–72

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Toutain L, Minaburo A (2013) Local Networks and the Internet. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Goertzel B, Orseau L, Snaider J (eds) (2014) Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Kadow JF, Langley DR, Meanwell NA, et al (2012) Protein-Protein Interaction Targets to Inhibit HIV-1 Infection. In: Wendt MD (ed) Protein-Protein Interactions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 105–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) New Zealand’s 7.8M Earthquake Really Messed Up The Environment. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) GAO ADP Data Lines: Issue No. 3. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Immaneni RN (2015) An efficient approach to machine learning based text classification through distributed computing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Gold to British in Jumpoff With Dutch. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deweerdt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chirik and Wieghardt 2010; Deweerdt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chirik and Wieghardt 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Bendick et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211

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