How to format your references using the Immunogenetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunogenetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Balents L (2010) Spin liquids in frustrated magnets. Nature 464:199–208
A journal article with 2 authors
Giazotto F, Martínez-Pérez MJ (2012) The Josephson heat interferometer. Nature 492:401–405
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta AK, Anderson DM, Overpeck JT (2003) Abrupt changes in the Asian southwest monsoon during the Holocene and their links to the North Atlantic Ocean. Nature 421:354–357
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bozhevolnyi SI, Volkov VS, Devaux E, et al (2006) Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators. Nature 440:508–511

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Exposito E (2012) Advanced Transport Protocols. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Daniilidis K, Maragos P, Paragios N (eds) (2010) Computer Vision – ECCV 2010: 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, September 5-11, 2010, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rovaris D, Cugno S, Forni V, et al (2010) Aspetti fisiologici del dolore. In: Castelnuovo G (ed) Psicologia clinica del dolore. Springer, Milano, pp 25–33

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunogenetics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Science Shows that Watching Cat Videos is Good for You. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Airport Improvement Program: Program Funding by State Relative to Enplanements for Selected Years. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin CA (2013) Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Chapman MM (2014) A Car Show for Caden, Who Would Have Loved It. New York Times AU2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Balents 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Balents 2010; Giazotto and Martínez-Pérez 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Giazotto and Martínez-Pérez 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Bozhevolnyi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunogenetics
ISSN (print)0093-7711
ISSN (online)1432-1211

Other styles