How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sarewitz, D. (2015) Reproducibility will not cure what ails science. Nature, 525, 159.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caicedo, A. & Roper, S.D. (2001) Taste receptor cells that discriminate between bitter stimuli. Science, 291, 1557–1560.
A journal article with 3 authors
Villegas, P., Moretti, P., & Muñoz, M.A. (2014) Frustrated hierarchical synchronization and emergent complexity in the human connectome network. Sci. Rep., 4, 5990.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chen, X., Ma, R., Zhou, H., Zhou, X., Che, L., Yao, S., & Wang, Z. (2013) Activating the microscale edge effect in a hierarchical surface for frosting suppression and defrosting promotion. Sci. Rep., 3, 2515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (1994) Guidelines for Implementing Process Safety Management Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Consoli, F.L., Parra, J.R.P., & Zucchi, R.A. (2010) Egg Parasitoids in Agroecosystems with Emphasis on Trichogramma, vol. 9. , Progress in Biological Control. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bujak, A., Śliwa, Z., & Gębczyńska, A. (2010) Technological Support for Logistics Transportation Systems. Transport Systems Telematics: 10th Conference, TST 2010, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland, October 20-23, 2010. Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science (Mikulski, J. ed). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 38–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) You Can Now Send Secret Encrypted Messages On Facebook Messenger. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Information Technology: OMB Can More Effectively Use Its Investment Reviews ( No. GAO-05-571T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajagopal, S. (2012) Assessing water management impacts of climate change for a semi-arid watershed in the southwestern US (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Bosman, J., Harmon, A., Hauser, C., Bidgood, J., & Astor, M. (2017) Friends and Relatives Share Memories About the Las Vegas Shooting Victims. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sarewitz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Caicedo & Roper, 2001; Sarewitz, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caicedo & Roper, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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