How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sharma, P. (2005) Physics. How to create a spin current. Science, 307, 531–533.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whetten, R.L. & Price, R.C. (2007) Chemistry. Nano-golden order. Science, 318, 407–408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goes, S., Capitanio, F.A., & Morra, G. (2008) Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions. Nature, 451, 981–984.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Christofk, H.R., Vander Heiden, M.G., Wu, N., Asara, J.M., & Cantley, L.C. (2008) Pyruvate kinase M2 is a phosphotyrosine-binding protein. Nature, 452, 181–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lunn, G. & Sansone, E.B. (2012) Destruction of Hazardous Chemicals in the Laboratory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kırış, T. & Zhang, J.H. (2008) Cerebral Vasospasm: New Strategies in Research and Treatment, vol. 104. , Acta Neurochirurgica Supplementum. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meslé, F., Vallin, J., & Shkolnikov, V. (2012) Is Mortality Under-Estimated? Mortality and Causes of Death in 20th-Century Ukraine, Demographic Research Monographs (Vallin, J. ed). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 77–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Are Plastics Making Men Infertile? IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Follow-up National Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services ( No. T-RCED-90-89). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, E.D. (2014) The Nature of Leadership: A Case Study of Distributed Leadership Amidst A Participative Change Effort (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010) Diplomatic Traveling Supporter Of U.S. Team Sees the Big Picture. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sharma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Sharma, 2005; Whetten & Price, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whetten & Price, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Christofk et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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