How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff, D. (2000) EARTH-MONITORING SATELLITES: Will the U.S. Bring Down the Curtain on Landsat? Science, 288, 2309–2311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hezel, D.C. & Russell, S.S. (2008) Comment on “ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions.” Science, 322, 1050; author reply 1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, T.J., Carpenter, D., & Kesselheim, A.S. (2014) Target small firms for antibiotic innovation. Science, 344, 967–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brawand, D., Soumillon, M., Necsulea, A., Julien, P., Csárdi, G., Harrigan, P., Weier, M., Liechti, A., Aximu-Petri, A., Kircher, M., Albert, F.W., Zeller, U., Khaitovich, P., Grützner, F., Bergmann, S., Nielsen, R., Pääbo, S., & Kaessmann, H. (2011) The evolution of gene expression levels in mammalian organs. Nature, 478, 343–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eynon, J. (2013) The Design Manager’s Handbook. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Dilek, Y. & Furnes, H. (2014) Evolution of Archean Crust and Early Life, vol. 7. , Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiesinger, H. (2007) 5 Arginine, Citrulline, and Ornithine. Handbook of Neurochemistry and Molecular Neurobiology: Amino Acids and Peptides in the Nervous System (Lajtha, A., Oja, S.S., Schousboe, A., & Saransaari, P. eds). Boston, MA: Springer US, pp. 99–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017) Australian Zoo Gives Badly Burnt Cockatoo New Wings In Icarus-Inspired Surgery. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) College Tuition and Fees: Changes in the 1995-96 to 1999-2000 Period Compared With Median Household Income ( No. HEHS-00-198R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna, K.E. (2017) Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenspan, D. (2017) It’s All in the Hands. New York Times, MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Malakoff, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff, 2000; Hezel & Russell, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hezel & Russell, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Brawand et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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