How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weil, A. (2014) Mammalian evolution: A beast of the southern wild. Nature, 515, 495–496.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kovács, I.A. & Barabási, A.-L. (2015) Network science: Destruction perfected. Nature, 524, 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, D.B., Wake, M.H., & Specht, C.D. (2011) Homoplasy: from detecting pattern to determining process and mechanism of evolution. Science, 331, 1032–1035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, S.-H., Yoon, S.-B., Kim, H.-K., Han, J.T., Park, H.-W., Han, J., Yun, S.-M., Jeong, H.G., Roh, K.C., & Kim, K.-B. (2014) Spine-like nanostructured carbon interconnected by graphene for high-performance supercapacitors. Sci. Rep., 4, 6118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner, H. (2015) Project Management 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ábrahám, E. & Huisman, M. (2016) Integrated Formal Methods: 12th International Conference, IFM 2016, Reykjavik, Iceland, June 1-5, 2016, Proceedings, vol. 9681. , Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cui, X. (2015) Three-Dimensional Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine. Bioprinting in Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (Turksen, K. ed). Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 109–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Can Civilisation Continue? An Earth System Scientist Explains. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) No Child Left Behind Act: Assistance from Education Could Help States Better Measure Progress of Students with Limited English Proficiency (Spanish Language Highlights) ( No. GAO-06-1111). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slabaugh, J.L. (2012) The Occurrence of Alternans and Arrhythmias in a Multicellular, Cardiac Preparation (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W. (2016) Puerto Rico Revises Plan to Reduce Debt as Optimism Dwindles. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weil, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Weil, 2014; Kovács & Barabási, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kovács & Barabási, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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