How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaser, H.-U. (2006) Chemistry. A golden boost to an old reaction. Science, 313, 312–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pouille, F. & Scanziani, M. (2004) Routing of spike series by dynamic circuits in the hippocampus. Nature, 429, 717–723.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hren, M.T., Tice, M.M., & Chamberlain, C.P. (2009) Oxygen and hydrogen isotope evidence for a temperate climate 3.42 billion years ago. Nature, 462, 205–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schafer, Z.T., Grassian, A.R., Song, L., Jiang, Z., Gerhart-Hines, Z., Irie, H.Y., Gao, S., Puigserver, P., & Brugge, J.S. (2009) Antioxidant and oncogene rescue of metabolic defects caused by loss of matrix attachment. Nature, 461, 109–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine, H. (2017) Architecture in Context. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yang, G.-Z., Hawkes, D., Rueckert, D., Noble, A., & Taylor, C. (2009) Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2009: 12th International Conference, London, UK, September 20-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part I, vol. 5761. , Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Greffet, J.-J. (2012) Introduction to Surface Plasmon Theory. Plasmonics: From Basics to Advanced Topics, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Enoch, S. & Bonod, N. eds). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 105–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014) Breast Milk Custom Formulated For Baby’s Gender. IFLScience. URL’s-gender/.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984) Automatic Data Processing: A Career Challenge ( No. 124847). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alderson, M. (2017) Procedural Justice and Police Encounters with Homeless Injecting Drug Users (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B. (2017) Now on Broadway, an Economics Lesson. New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaser, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Pouille & Scanziani, 2004; Blaser, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pouille & Scanziani, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Schafer et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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