How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou, Y. (2015) The rapid rise of a research nation. Nature, 528, S170-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kleppner, D. & Jackiw, R. (2000) One hundred years of quantum physics. Science, 289, 893–898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Singhal, N., Kumar, M., & Virdi, J.S. (2014) Molecular analysis of β-lactamase genes to understand their differential expression in strains of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A. Sci. Rep., 4, 5270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qiao, J.W., Zhang, T., Yang, F.Q., Liaw, P.K., Pauly, S., & Xu, B.S. (2013) A tensile deformation model for in-situ dendrite/metallic glass matrix composites. Sci. Rep., 3, 2816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ventre, D. (2013) Information Warfare. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kozák, J. (2010) The Illustrated History of Natural Disasters. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ukraintseva, S.V., Arbeev, K.G., Akushevich, I., Kulminski, A.M., Stallard, E., & Yashin, A.I. (2016) Factors That May Increase Vulnerability to Cancer and Longevity in Modern Human Populations. Biodemography of Aging: Determinants of Healthy Life Span and Longevity, The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis (Stallard, E. & Land, K.C. eds). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 113–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Numerical Analysis.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016) Elon Musk Hints At Sending Humans Beyond Mars With “Interplanetary Transport System” Spacecraft. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Comments on H.R. 5103, Snyder letter ( No. CBD-2-63). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Black, A.M. (2006) Evaluating the Effectiveness of an Ohio Statewide Agricultural Leadership Program (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017) ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kleppner & Jackiw, 2000; Zhou, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kleppner & Jackiw, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiao et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Numerical Analysis
AbbreviationIMA J. Numer. Anal.
ISSN (print)0272-4979
ISSN (online)1464-3642
ScopeGeneral Mathematics
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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