How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Management Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Management Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Magurran, A.E. (2009) Ecology. Threats to freshwater fish. Science, 325, 1215–1216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Titus, S. & Bosch, X. (2010) Tie funding to research integrity. Nature, 466, 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee, S.H., Oe, T., & Blair, I.A. (2001) Vitamin C-induced decomposition of lipid hydroperoxides to endogenous genotoxins. Science, 292, 2083–2086.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, H.-N., Paeng, K., Swallen, S.F., & Ediger, M.D. (2009) Direct measurement of molecular mobility in actively deformed polymer glasses. Science, 323, 231–234.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hollin, C.R. (2016) The Psychology of Interpersonal Violence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gulbins, E. & Petrache, I. (2013) Sphingolipids: Basic Science and Drug Development, vol. 215. , Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. Vienna: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chailleux, S. & Moyson, S. (2016) The French Ban on Hydraulic Fracturing and the Attempts to Reverse It: Social Mobilization, Professional Forums, and Coalition Strategies. Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing: Comparing Coalition Politics in North America and Europe (Weible, C.M., Heikkila, T., Ingold, K., & Fischer, M. eds). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, pp. 115–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Management Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015) How Do Snakes Climb Trees? IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Hubble Space Telescope ( No. NSIAD-93-247R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, M.P. (2009) De la página a la pantalla: Memoria de la Guerra Civil española en la narrativa contemporánea (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017) Saves Bring Paydays, but Their Value Is Subject to Debate. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Magurran, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Magurran, 2009; Titus & Bosch, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Titus & Bosch, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Management Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J. Manag. Math.
ISSN (print)1471-678X
ISSN (online)1471-6798
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Strategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles