How to format your references using the IMA Journal of Management Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IMA Journal of Management Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000) Bell Labs win superconductivity patent. Nature, 403, 121–122.
A journal article with 2 authors
García-Bellido, D.C. & Collins, D.H. (2004) Moulting arthropod caught in the act. Nature, 429, 40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubrovinskaia, N., Dubrovinsky, L., & Solozhenko, V.L. (2007) Comment on “Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure.” Science, 318, 1550; author reply 1550.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Smith, M.K., Wood, W.B., Adams, W.K., Wieman, C., Knight, J.K., Guild, N., & Su, T.T. (2009) Why peer discussion improves student performance on in-class concept questions. Science, 323, 122–124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kivy, P. (2011) Once-Told Tales. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Leder, S.B. (2014) The Yale Swallow Protocol: An Evidence-Based Approach to Decision Making. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mudelsee, M. & Lohmann, G. (2015) Climate Sensitivity During and Between Interglacials. Integrated Analysis of Interglacial Climate Dynamics (INTERDYNAMIC), SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences (Schulz, M. & Paul, A. eds). Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 19–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IMA Journal of Management Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Shrinking Of Antarctic Ice Shelves Is Accelerating. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Transition From School to Work: H.R. 2884 Addresses Components of Comprehensive Strategy ( No. T-HRD-93-32). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vas, L.T. (2008) Orbis pictus: Intermedialität zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei und literarischer Stadterfahrung dargestellt anhand der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann und Wilhelm Raabe (Doctoral dissertation).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Valerian, S. (2013) The Long-Running Man. New York Times, B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2000; García-Bellido & Collins, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (García-Bellido & Collins, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Smith et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleIMA Journal of Management Mathematics
AbbreviationIMA J. Manag. Math.
ISSN (print)1471-678X
ISSN (online)1471-6798
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Strategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
General Economics, Econometrics and Finance
Applied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

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