How to format your references using the IET Wireless Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Wireless Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crutcher, R.M.: ‘Astronomy. Testing star formation theory’Science, 2006, 313, (5788), pp. 771–772.
A journal article with 2 authors
Drain, P.K., Barry, M.: ‘Global health. Fifty years of U.S. embargo: Cuba’s health outcomes and lessons’Science, 2010, 328, (5978), pp. 572–573.
A journal article with 3 authors
Donato, F., Rompani, S.B., Caroni, P.: ‘Parvalbumin-expressing basket-cell network plasticity induced by experience regulates adult learning’Nature, 2013, 504, (7479), pp. 272–276.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Uesugi, E., Goto, H., Eguchi, R., Fujiwara, A., Kubozono, Y.: ‘Electric double-layer capacitance between an ionic liquid and few-layer graphene’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1595.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M.: ‘Information Security’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005)
An edited book
Dillmann, A., Heller, G., Kreplin, H.-P., Nitsche, W., Peltzer, I. (Eds.): ‘New Results in Numerical and Experimental Fluid Mechanics VIII: Contributions to the 17th STAB/DGLR Symposium Berlin, Germany 2010’ (Springer, 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
de Figueiredo, D.G., Gupta, C.P.: ‘On the Variational Method for the Existence of Solutions of Nonlinear Equations of Hammerstein Type’, in Costa, D.G. (Ed.): ‘Djairo G. de Figueiredo - Selected Papers’ (Springer International Publishing, 2013), pp. 35–41

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Wireless Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T.: ‘Scientists Recreate Pac-Man With Microorganisms’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Status of FCC Efforts To Allocate Costs Between Telephone Companies’ Regulated and Unregulated Activities’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosales, J.K.: ‘California’s three strikes law: A policy analysis’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Corkery, M.: ‘Senate Panel Seeks More Details About Puerto Rico’s Debt and Long-Term Needs’New York Times, 2015, p. B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Wireless Sensor Systems
AbbreviationIET Wirel. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2043-6386
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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