How to format your references using the IET Wireless Sensor Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Wireless Sensor Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hecht, S.S.: ‘Perspective: Tackling the real issues’Nature, 2011, 471, (7339), p. S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medema, J.P., Vermeulen, L.: ‘Microenvironmental regulation of stem cells in intestinal homeostasis and cancer’Nature, 2011, 474, (7351), pp. 318–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, J., Lu, H., Huang, L.: ‘Calciphytoliths (calcium oxalate crystals) analysis for the identification of decayed tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.)’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6703.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi, J.H., Banks, A.S., Kamenecka, T.M., et al.: ‘Antidiabetic actions of a non-agonist PPARγ ligand blocking Cdk5-mediated phosphorylation’Nature, 2011, 477, (7365), pp. 477–481.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, V.: ‘Toni Morrison’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2012)
An edited book
Kunisch, K., Sprekels, J., Leugering, G., Tröltzsch, F. (Eds.): ‘Optimal Control of Coupled Systems of Partial Differential Equations’ (Birkhäuser, 2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Grimaldi, L., Bontron, G., Balayn, P.: ‘Hydraulic Modelling for Rhône River Operation’, in Gourbesville, P., Cunge, J., Caignaert, G. (Eds.): ‘Advances in Hydroinformatics: SIMHYDRO 2012 – New Frontiers of Simulation’ (Springer, 2014), pp. 35–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Wireless Sensor Systems.

Blog post
Davis, J.: ‘Polio Reported In Nigeria After Two Years With Zero Cases’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Bureau of Indian Affairs Not Operating Boarding Schools Efficiently’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, G.A.: ‘Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations’. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Barron, J.: ‘Art That’s Disposable, but by No Means Throwaway’New York Times, 2016, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Wireless Sensor Systems
AbbreviationIET Wirel. Sens. Syst.
ISSN (print)2043-6386
ScopeIndustrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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