How to format your references using the Aethiopica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aethiopica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr, R. A. 2000. “PLANETARY SCIENCE: Solar System Scientists Look to Find an Edge,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 290/5492 (2000), 689b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shim, M. and P. Guyot-Sionnest 2000. “n-type colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature, 407/6807 (2000), 981–983.
A journal article with 3 authors
Euston, D. R., M. Tatsuno, and B. L. McNaughton 2007. “Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318/5853 (2007), 1147–1150.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Y., C.-Y. Xu, J.-Y. Wang, and L. Zhen 2014. “Photodiode-like behavior and excellent photoresponse of vertical Si/monolayer MoS2 heterostructures,” Scientific reports, 4 (2014), 7186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buckel, W. and R. Kleiner 2012. Supraleitung (Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012).
An edited book
Bachrach, D. G. 2016. More Than a Showroom: Strategies for Winning Back Online Shoppers, eds. J. Ogilvie, A. Rapp, and J. Calamusa (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016).
A chapter in an edited book
Benzaouia, A., A. Hmamed, and F. Tadeo 2016. “Delay-Dependent Stabilization of Two-Dimensional Delayed Systems with Saturating Control,” in A. Hmamed and F. Tadeo, eds., Two-Dimensional Systems: From Introduction to State of the Art, Studies in Systems, Decision and Control (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016), 75–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aethiopica.

Blog post
Hale, T. Burger King’s Halloween Burger Does Something Scary To Your Poop IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <>, accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2010. Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities ( No. GAO-10-661R) (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2010).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang, L. 2012. A comparison of unsupervised learning techniques for detection of medical abuse in automobile claims Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. 2001. “Hotel Developer Recasts Himself As an Angel for Old Synagogues,” New York Times, August 26, 2001, 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAethiopica
ISSN (print)1430-1938
ISSN (online)2194-4024

Other styles