How to format your references using the IET Nanobiotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Nanobiotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glick, S.: ‘Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921-2011)’Nature, 2011, 474, (7353), p. 580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wray, C.M., Bishop, S.R.: ‘Cascades on a stochastic pulse-coupled network’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6355.
A journal article with 3 authors
Capraro, V., Jordan, J.J., Rand, D.G.: ‘Heuristics guide the implementation of social preferences in one-shot Prisoner’s Dilemma experiments’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6790.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, H.-P., Pan, J.-B., Zhang, C., Ji, N., Wang, H., Ji, Z.-L.: ‘Network understanding of herb medicine via rapid identification of ingredient-target interactions’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 3719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yevick, D., Yevick, H.: ‘Fundamental Math and Physics for Scientists and Engineers’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2014)
An edited book
Murray-Smith, R. (Ed.): ‘Mobile Social Signal Processing: First International Workshop, MSSP 2010, Lisbon, Portugal, September 7, 2010, Invited Papers’ (Springer, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Chessa, M., Sabatini, S.P., Solari, F., Tatti, F.: ‘A Quantitative Comparison of Speed and Reliability for Log-Polar Mapping Techniques’, in Crowley, J.L., Draper, B.A., Thonnat, M. (Eds.): ‘Computer Vision Systems: 8th International Conference, ICVS 2011, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 20-22, 2011. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 41–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Nanobiotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Wasp Masters Turn Spiders Into Web-Building Zombie Slaves’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘National Airspace System: FAA Has Made Progress but Continues to Face Challenges in Acquiring Major Air Traffic Control Systems’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, J.: ‘Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling’. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M.: ‘A Gadget Is Favored by Fingers Both Restless and Sticky’New York Times, 2017, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Nanobiotechnology
AbbreviationIET Nanobiotechnol.
ISSN (print)1751-8741
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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