How to format your references using the IET Nanobiotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Nanobiotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moritz, M.A.: ‘Wildfires ignite debate on global warming’Nature, 2012, 487, (7407), p. 273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini, A., Cheng, C.: ‘Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, X., Wang, Y., Li, M.: ‘Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 6070.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fang, N., Lee, H., Sun, C., Zhang, X.: ‘Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens’Science, 2005, 308, (5721), pp. 534–537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lyatkher, V.M., Proudovsky, A.M.: ‘Hydraulic Modeling’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016)
An edited book
Brun, R., Carminati, F., Galli Carminati, G. (Eds.): ‘From the Web to the Grid and Beyond: Computing Paradigms Driven by High-Energy Physics’ (Springer, 2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Zhang, Q., Li, M.: ‘Truthful Auction for CPU Time Slots’, in Lee, D.-T., Chen, D.Z., Ying, S. (Eds.): ‘Frontiers in Algorithmics: 4th International Workshop, FAW 2010, Wuhan, China, August 11-13, 2010. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2010), pp. 23–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Nanobiotechnology.

Blog post
Hale, T.: ‘Video Shows An Orca Throwing A Seal 80 Feet Into The Air’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Statutory Copyright Licensing: Implications of a Phaseout on Access to Television Programming and Consumer Prices Are Unclear’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dues, P.M.: ‘Quantitative correlation of enterprise resource planning type, success, and technology leadership style in local government’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S.: ‘To Gain a College Student, Eliminate a Form’New York Times, 2015, p. BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Nanobiotechnology
AbbreviationIET Nanobiotechnol.
ISSN (print)1751-8741
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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