How to format your references using the IET Nanobiotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Nanobiotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C.: ‘AAAS members fret over links with theological foundation’Nature, 2000, 403, (6772), p. 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Littman, D.R., Singh, H.: ‘Immunology. Asymmetry and immune memory’Science, 2007, 315, (5819), pp. 1673–1674.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cui, G., Zhang, M., Zou, G.: ‘Resonant tunneling modulation in quasi-2D Cu(2)O/SnO(2) p-n horizontal-multi-layer heterostructure for room temperature H(2)S sensor application’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 1250.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wawersik, M., Milutinovich, A., Casper, A.L., Matunis, E., Williams, B., Van Doren, M.: ‘Somatic control of germline sexual development is mediated by the JAK/STAT pathway’Nature, 2005, 436, (7050), pp. 563–567.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johansen, G.A., Jackson, P.: ‘Radioisotope Gauges for Industrial Process Measurements’ (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005)
An edited book
George, A.M. (Ed.): ‘ABC Transporters - 40 Years on’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Krummenacher, H.: ‘Computer Assisted Early Warning – the FAST Example’, in Trappl, R. (Ed.): ‘Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention’ (Springer Netherlands, 2006), pp. 71–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Nanobiotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘New Research Shows How To Trap Cancer By Turning Your Body Against The Tumour’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Highway Trust Fund: Possible Impact if It Had Financed All Highway Expenditures’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jennings, S.: ‘Hiring, promotions, and identity negotiation of female hiring agents in American corporate retail’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J.: ‘Undercover TV Reports on School Security Raise Ethical Questions’New York Times, 2014, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Nanobiotechnology
AbbreviationIET Nanobiotechnol.
ISSN (print)1751-8741
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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