How to format your references using the IET Nanobiotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Nanobiotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm, V.: ‘Astronomy. Embers of the distant past’Science, 2012, 338, (6111), pp. 1160–1161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schramke, V., Allshire, R.: ‘Hairpin RNAs and retrotransposon LTRs effect RNAi and chromatin-based gene silencing’Science, 2003, 301, (5636), pp. 1069–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pompilio, L., Kacelnik, A., Behmer, S.T.: ‘State-dependent learned valuation drives choice in an invertebrate’Science, 2006, 311, (5767), pp. 1613–1615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Habicht, K.S., Gade, M., Thamdrup, B., Berg, P., Canfield, D.E.: ‘Calibration of sulfate levels in the archean ocean’Science, 2002, 298, (5602), pp. 2372–2374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Chevalier, F., Lesselier, D., Staraj, R.: ‘Non-standard Antennas’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011)
An edited book
Smith, D.: ‘Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach’ (Apress, 2012, Second Edition)
A chapter in an edited book
Rainieri, S., Zambonelli, C.: ‘Organisms Associated with Acetic Acid Bacteria in Vinegar Production’, in Solieri, L., Giudici, P. (Eds.): ‘Vinegars of the World’ (Springer, 2009), pp. 73–95

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Nanobiotechnology.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Brilliant Gift Ideas For Science Fans’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Acid Rain: Delays and Management Changes in the Federal Research Program’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1987)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright, E.A.: ‘Assessing Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Project Managers Associated Through LinkedIn’. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J.C., Jr., Mueller, B., Schweber, N.: ‘Second Chances Kept Coming for Suspect in Officer’s Death’New York Times, 2015, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Nanobiotechnology
AbbreviationIET Nanobiotechnol.
ISSN (print)1751-8741
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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