How to format your references using the Early Childhood Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Early Childhood Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier, E. B. (2014). Disaster Management. A global strategy for protecting vulnerable coastal populations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6202), 1250–1251.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flint, J., & Munafò, M. (2014). Schizophrenia: genesis of a complex disease. Nature, 511(7510), 412–413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Abdenur, R., Palmer, L., & Milhollin, G. (2005). Brazil’s Nuclear Activities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5711), 847–851.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tsung Chen, I., Chang, P.-H., Chang, Y.-C., & Guo, T.-F. (2013). Lighting up ultraviolet fluorescence from chicken albumen through plasmon resonance energy transfer of gold nanoparticles. Scientific reports, 3, 1505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pan, G. W. (2003). Wavelets in Electromagnetics and Device Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, Z.-W. (Ed.). (2008). Molecular Mechanisms of Neurotransmitter Release. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Seidl, C., Pogorelskiy, K., & Traub, S. (2013). Data and Fiscal Institutions of the Surveyed Countries. In K. Pogorelskiy & S. Traub (Eds.), Tax Progression in OECD Countries: An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions (pp. 71–151). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Early Childhood Education Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, February 10). Quantum Equations Suggest Big Bang Never Happened. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Content Analysis: A Methodology for Structuring and Analyzing Written Material--Transfer Paper 10.1.3 (No. 138426). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prophete, K. S. (2013). How race, gender, and Pell status affect the persistence and degree attainment rates of dual enrollment students (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M. (2017, May 12). Listen In, With the Bird Man of Classical. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barbier 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Barbier 2014; Flint and Munafò 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flint and Munafò 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsung Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarly Childhood Education Journal
AbbreviationEarly Child. Educ. J.
ISSN (print)1082-3301
ISSN (online)1573-1707
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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