How to format your references using the Early Childhood Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Early Childhood Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Detrick, R. S. (2000). Seafloor spreading. Portrait of a magma chamber. Nature, 406(6796), 578–579.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maser, R. S., & DePinho, R. A. (2002). Connecting chromosomes, crisis, and cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 565–569.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Zhao, J., & Yang, J. (2013). Semihydrogenated BN sheet: a promising visible-light driven photocatalyst for water splitting. Scientific reports, 3, 1858.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deng, Z., Jiang, Y., Wang, W., Cheng, L., Li, W., Lu, W., et al. (2014). Indium segregation measured in InGaN quantum well layer. Scientific reports, 4, 6734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, B.-C. (2008). Digital Signal Processing Techniques and Applications in Radar Image Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gupta, D. K., & Sandalio, L. M. (Eds.). (2012). Metal Toxicity in Plants: Perception, Signaling and Remediation (First.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leikin, R. (2014). Challenging Mathematics with Multiple Solution Tasks and Mathematical Investigations in Geometry. In Y. Li, E. A. Silver, & S. Li (Eds.), Transforming Mathematics Instruction: Multiple Approaches and Practices (pp. 59–80). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Early Childhood Education Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 7). Watch The European Space Agency Land A Spacecraft On A Comet. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Customs Service Modernization: Ineffective Software Development Processes Increase Customs System Development Risks (No. AIMD-99-35). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrett, C. (2010). Racial congruence and its effects on social integration and school involvement: A multi-level model (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, September 5). An Ink-Stained Reunion After Years of Digital Upheaval. New York Times, p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Detrick 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Detrick 2000; Maser and DePinho 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maser and DePinho 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarly Childhood Education Journal
AbbreviationEarly Child. Educ. J.
ISSN (print)1082-3301
ISSN (online)1573-1707
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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