How to format your references using the Early Childhood Education Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Early Childhood Education Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harley, C. D. G. (2011). Climate change, keystone predation, and biodiversity loss. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1124–1127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roman, J., & Palumbi, S. R. (2003). Whales before whaling in the North Atlantic. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5632), 508–510.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wise, C., Pawlyn, M., & Braungart, M. (2013). Eco-engineering: Living in a materials world. Nature, 494(7436), 172–175.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Falzarano, D., de Wit, E., Martellaro, C., Callison, J., Munster, V. J., & Feldmann, H. (2013). Inhibition of novel β coronavirus replication by a combination of interferon-α2b and ribavirin. Scientific reports, 3, 1686.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dallas, H. J. (2015). Mastering the Challenges of Leading change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Perales, F. J., & Fisher, R. B. (Eds.). (2006). Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects: 4th International Conference, AMDO 2006, Port d’Andratx, Mallorca, Spain, July 11-14, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4069). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Balent, M. (2011). European Public Opinion and the Crisis: which impact on the European Union? In T. Chopin & M. Foucher (Eds.), Schuman Report on Europe: State of the Union 2011 (pp. 39–43). Paris: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Early Childhood Education Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 13). This Is Our First Image Of The TRAPPIST-1 System. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Electronic Government: Progress and Challenges in Implementing the Office of Personnel Management’s Initiatives (No. GAO-03-1169T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neil, S. (2012). A turn from the worst: Leadership influences on the successful turnaround of a high-poverty school (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013, January 9). Musburger Criticized for Remarks About Star’s Girlfriend During Title Game. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harley 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Harley 2011; Roman and Palumbi 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roman and Palumbi 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Falzarano et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarly Childhood Education Journal
AbbreviationEarly Child. Educ. J.
ISSN (print)1082-3301
ISSN (online)1573-1707
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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