How to format your references using the IET Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vohs, K.D.: ‘Psychology. The poor’s poor mental power’Science, 2013, 341, (6149), pp. 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, R., Lal, R.: ‘Synthetic apatite nanoparticles as a phosphorus fertilizer for soybean (Glycine max)’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 5686.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, W., Shang, Y., Li, W.: ‘gp78 elongates of polyubiquitin chains from the distal end through the cooperation of its G2BR and CUE domains’Sci. Rep., 2014, 4, p. 7138.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Krot, A.N., McKeegan, K.D., Leshin, L.A., MacPherson, G.J., Scott, E.R.D.: ‘Existence of an 16O-rich gaseous reservoir in the solar nebula’Science, 2002, 295, (5557), pp. 1051–1054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adamowicz, Z., Zbierski, P.: ‘Logic of Mathematics’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997)
An edited book
Bove, R., Ubertini, S. (Eds.): ‘Modeling Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Methods, Procedures and Techniques’ (Springer Netherlands, 2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Dadkhah, S., Sharain, K.: ‘Symptoms of Atrial Fibrillation’, in Peacock, W.F., Clark, C.L. (Eds.): ‘Short Stay Management of Atrial Fibrillation’ (Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 51–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Information Security.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Why Does New York Have The Best Bagels?’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Women in STEM Research: Better Data and Information Sharing Could Improve Oversight of Federal Grant-making and Title IX Compliance’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beck, E.S.: ‘Waging war with words: Idealized gender and Iberian chivalry’. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J.: ‘How Colbert Finally Got Real’New York Times, 2017, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Information Security
AbbreviationIET Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1751-8709
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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