How to format your references using the IET Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser, J.: ‘ECOLOGY: When Do Many Species Matter?’Science, 2000, 289, (5483), p. 1283.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margot, J.L., Brown, M.E.: ‘A low-density M-type asteroid in the main belt’Science, 2003, 300, (5627), pp. 1939–1942.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nugent, F.S., Penick, E.C., Kauer, J.A.: ‘Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses’Nature, 2007, 446, (7139), pp. 1086–1090.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, H.-C., Hsieh, F.-J., Chen, C.-P., et al.: ‘The hemocompatibility of oxidized diamond nanocrystals for biomedical applications’Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, p. 3044.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nappi, E., Peskov, V.: ‘Imaging Gaseous Detectors and Their Applications’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013)
An edited book
Gullotta, T.P., Plant, R.W., Evans, M.A. (Eds.): ‘Handbook of Adolescent Behavioral Problems: Evidence-Based Approaches to Prevention and Treatment’ (Springer US, 2015, 2nd ed. 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Siegel, J.: ‘The Roles of Hypocretin/Orexin in Narcolepsy, Parkinson’s Disease, and Normal Behavior’, in Baumann, C.R., Bassetti, C.L., Scammell, T.E. (Eds.): ‘Narcolepsy: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 37–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Information Security.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: ‘Woman Who Claims She Is “Allergic” To Wi-Fi Signals Given Compensation By French Court’, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Comments on H.R. 7689’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1980)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, J.D.: ‘Parental attachment style: Links with parent and adolescent perceptions of parenting and observed secure base behaviors’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J.: ‘In the Hands of a Pro’New York Times, 2017, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Information Security
AbbreviationIET Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1751-8709
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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