How to format your references using the IET Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garrett, L.: ‘Global health hits crisis point’Nature, 2012, 482, (7383), p. 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Norris, D.P., Grimes, D.T.: ‘Developmental biology. Cilia discern left from right’Science, 2012, 338, (6104), pp. 206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aviezer, H., Trope, Y., Todorov, A.: ‘Body cues, not facial expressions, discriminate between intense positive and negative emotions’Science, 2012, 338, (6111), pp. 1225–1229.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang, H., Li, Q., Fan, J., Holloman, W.K., Pavletich, N.P.: ‘The BRCA2 homologue Brh2 nucleates RAD51 filament formation at a dsDNA-ssDNA junction’Nature, 2005, 433, (7026), pp. 653–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minuth, W.W., Strehl, R., Schumacher, K.: ‘Tissue Engineering’ (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005)
An edited book
Polycarpou, M., Carvalho, A.C.P.L.F. de, Pan, J.-S., Woźniak, M., Quintian, H., Corchado, E. (Eds.): ‘Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Systems: 9th International Conference, HAIS 2014, Salamanca, Spain, June 11-13, 2014. Proceedings’ (Springer International Publishing, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Halkin, H.: ‘Optimal Control as Programming in Infinite Dimensional Spaces’, in Conti, R. (Ed.): ‘Calculus of Variations, Classical and Modern’ (Springer, 2011), pp. 177–192

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Information Security.

Blog post
Taub, B.: ‘Scientists Are Trying To Figure Out What The “Spirit Molecule” Does’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Management Improvements Essential for Key Automated Systems at the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, T.J.: ‘Efficient construction of accurate multiple alignments and large-scale phylogenies’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: ‘Say Cheese At This Deli And You’ll Get 3 Dozen Types’New York Times, 2008, p. NJ11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Information Security
AbbreviationIET Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1751-8709
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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