How to format your references using the IET Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasselbrink, E.: ‘Chemistry. Capturing the complexities of molecule-surface interactions’Science, 2009, 326, (5954), pp. 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Buluta, I., Nori, F.: ‘Quantum simulators’Science, 2009, 326, (5949), pp. 108–111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacobs, S.S., Giulivi, C.F., Mele, P.A.: ‘Freshening of the Ross Sea during the late 20th century’Science, 2002, 297, (5580), pp. 386–389.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tse, D., Langston, R.F., Kakeyama, M., et al.: ‘Schemas and memory consolidation’Science, 2007, 316, (5821), pp. 76–82.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garton, A.F.: ‘Exploring Cognitive Development: The Child as Problem Solver’ (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008)
An edited book
Schneider, G., Grazioli, L., Saini, S. (Eds.): ‘MRI of the Liver: Imaging Techniques, Contrast Enhancement, Differential Diagnosis’ (Springer, 2006, 2nd Edition)
A chapter in an edited book
Bertolino, A., Bucchiarone, A., Gnesi, S., Muccini, H.: ‘An Architecture-Centric Approach for Producing Quality Systems’, in Reussner, R., Mayer, J., Stafford, J.A., Overhage, S., Becker, S., Schroeder, P.J. (Eds.): ‘Quality of Software Architectures and Software Quality: First International Conference on the Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2005, and Second International Workshop on Software Quality, SOQUA 2005, Erfurt, Germany, September 20-22, 2005. Proceedings’ (Springer, 2005), pp. 21–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Information Security.

Blog post
Taub, B.: ‘Exercise Massively Increases Life Expectancy Of Brain-Damaged Mice’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘NASA Procurement: Approach to Sharing Risk Under Certain Research and Development Contracts Is Starting to Change’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tetley, J.: ‘An investigation of self-authorship, hope, and meaning in life among second-year college students’. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: ‘P.S. Jerusalem’New York Times, 2017, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Information Security
AbbreviationIET Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1751-8709
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

Other styles