How to format your references using the IET Information Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IET Information Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Livingston, J.D.: ‘An electromagnetic personality’Nature, 2000, 407, (6803), p. 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stern, D.L., Orgogozo, V.: ‘Is genetic evolution predictable?’Science, 2009, 323, (5915), pp. 746–751.
A journal article with 3 authors
Westover, K.D., Bushnell, D.A., Kornberg, R.D.: ‘Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II’Science, 2004, 303, (5660), pp. 1014–1016.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Herz, A.V.M., Gollisch, T., Machens, C.K., Jaeger, D.: ‘Modeling single-neuron dynamics and computations: a balance of detail and abstraction’Science, 2006, 314, (5796), pp. 80–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cruz, M.G., Peters, G.W., Shevchenko, P.V.: ‘Fundamental Aspects of Operational Risk and Insurance Analytics’ (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2015)
An edited book
Amossé, T., Bryson, A., Forth, J., Petit, H. (Eds.): ‘Comparative Workplace Employment Relations: An Analysis of Practice in Britain and France’ (Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Jones, J.M., Lea-Langton, A.R., Ma, L., Pourkashanian, M., Williams, A.: ‘Pollutant Formation and Health Effects’, in Lea-Langton, A.R., Ma, L., Pourkashanian, M., Williams, A. (Eds.): ‘Pollutants Generated by the Combustion of Solid Biomass Fuels’ (Springer, 2014), pp. 45–61

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IET Information Security.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: ‘Scientists Recreate First Spark Of Life’,, accessed October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: ‘Information Technology: FBI Has Largely Staffed Key Modernization Program, but Strategic Approach to Managing Program’s Human Capital Is Needed’ (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malkus, N.: ‘Beneath the district averages: Intradistrict differences in teacher compensation expenditures’. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx, L.: ‘Jenna Miranda and Mitch Meyers’New York Times, 2012, p. ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [2].
This sentence cites two references [2, 4].
This sentence cites four references [2, 4, 6, 8].

About the journal

Full journal titleIET Information Security
AbbreviationIET Inf. Secur.
ISSN (print)1751-8709
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Information Systems

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