How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Koen, “Nuts and bolts. Reference points,” Nature, vol.428, no. 6978, p.104, Mar. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Hanson and D. Voss, “Sunrise. Introduction. Hinode,” Science, vol.318, no. 5856, p.1571, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
B. M. Lake, R. Salakhutdinov, and J. B. Tenenbaum, “Human-level concept learning through probabilistic program induction,” Science, vol.350, no. 6266, pp.1332–1338, Dec. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Garcia-Moreno, L. Heise, H. A. F. M. Jansen, M. Ellsberg, and C. Watts, “Public health. Violence against women,” Science, vol.310, no. 5752, pp.1282–1283, Nov. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Kulkarni and G. Harman, An Elementary Introduction to Statistical Learning Theory: Kulkarni/Statistical Learning Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
F. Bouhafs, Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid. Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Suki and E. Bartolák-Suki, “Biomechanics of the Aging Lung Parenchyma,” in Mechanical Properties of Aging Soft Tissues, B. Derby and R. Akhtar, eds. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015, pp.95–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Half Of All PhD Students Suffer From Psychological Distress,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Public Transit: Challenges Funding, Investing in Systems, and Coordinating Services,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-278T, Jan. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. T. Brown, “Identifying potential co-repressors associated with dexamethasone-induced repression of the MUC5AC gene,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Buckley, “Tycoon’s Claims Reverberate in China Despite Censorship and Thin Evidence,” New York Times, p.A9, 27-Jun-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
ISSN (print)0916-8508
ISSN (online)1745-1337
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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