How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. M. Tylianakis, “Ecology. Warming up food webs,” Science, vol.323, no. 5919, pp.1300–1301, Mar. 2009.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Lardner and M. bin Lakim, “Animal communication: tree-hole frogs exploit resonance effects,” Nature, vol.420, no. 6915, p.475, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. B. Baier, S. M. Gatesy, and F. A. Jenkins, “A critical ligamentous mechanism in the evolution of avian flight,” Nature, vol.445, no. 7125, pp.307–310, Jan. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Wu, E. Y. T. Chien, C. D. Mol, G. Fenalti, W. Liu, V. Katritch, R. Abagyan, A. Brooun, P. Wells, F. C. Bi, D. J. Hamel, P. Kuhn, T. M. Handel, V. Cherezov, and R. C. Stevens, “Structures of the CXCR4 chemokine GPCR with small-molecule and cyclic peptide antagonists,” Science, vol.330, no. 6007, pp.1066–1071, Nov. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. P. Cheremisinoff, Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
E. Plugge, The Definitive Guide to MongoDB: The NoSQL Database for Cloud and Desktop Computing. Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
U. Eberhardt, S. Rulhoff, and J. Stjepandic, “Integration of Time Management in the Digital Factory,” in New World Situation: New Directions in Concurrent Engineering: Proceedings of the 17th ISPE International Conference on Concurrent Engineering, J. Pokojski, S. Fukuda, and J. Salwiński, eds. Springer, London, 2010, pp.33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences.

Blog post
J. Fang, “These Wasps Have Zinc-Tipped Drill Bits,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Safety: Causes of Injury in Automobile Crashes,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PEMD-95-4, May 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. Lopez, “A community-based outreach program for Latinos in Los Angeles County supporting mental health awareness and treatment: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. C. McKINLEY Jr, “No More Tea With Caligula,” New York Times, p.C1, 20-Oct-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
ISSN (print)0916-8508
ISSN (online)1745-1337
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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