How to format your references using the IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Lawler, “Archaeology. America’s lost city,” Science, vol.334, no. 6063, pp.1618–1623, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Panthi and A. Tsutsumi, “Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell based on a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia support,” Sci. Rep., vol.4, p.5754, Aug. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Shenvi, S. Roy, and J. C. Tully, “Dynamical steering and electronic excitation in NO scattering from a gold surface,” Science, vol.326, no. 5954, pp.829–832, Nov. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Du, D. Y. Lei, G. Yuan, H. Fang, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, D. Tang, C. Min, S. A. Maier, and X. Yuan, “Mapping plasmonic near-field profiles and interferences by surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Sci. Rep., vol.3, p.3064, Oct. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Feyel, Loop-shaping Robust Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA, 2013.
An edited book
R. Meersman, Z. Tari, and P. Herrero, Eds., On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems 2005: OTM 2005 Workshops: OTM Confederated Internationl Workshops and Posters, AWeSOMe, CAMS, GADA, MIOS+INTEROP, ORM, PhDS, SeBGIS, SWWS, and WOSE 2005, Agia Napa, Cyprus, October 31 - November 4, 2005. Proceedings, vol.3762. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
L.-J. Zhao, J. Tang, and T.-Y. Chai, “Modeling Spectral Data Based on Mutual Information and Kernel Extreme Learning Machines,” in Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2012: 9th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Shenyang, China, July 11-14, 2012. Proceedings, Part I, J. Wang, G. G. Yen, and M. M. Polycarpou, eds. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, pp.29–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Study Looks Into Your Chances Of Surviving A Zombie Apocalypse,” IFLScience,, accessed Oct. 30. 2018. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Public Transit: Funding for New Starts and Small Starts Projects, October 2004 through June 2012,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-13-40, Nov. 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. W. Kolaski, “Cultural awareness and the U.S. military advisor in the Arab Middle East: A phenomenological study,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Sisario, “An Industry Fractured,” New York Times, p.B1, 26-Aug-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEICE Transactions on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
ISSN (print)0916-8508
ISSN (online)1745-1337
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Signal Processing
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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