How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Silverberg, “Pluto story,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6768, p. 367, Jan. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. C. Davis and K. J. Wurdack, “Host-to-parasite gene transfer in flowering plants: phylogenetic evidence from Malpighiales,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5684, pp. 676–678, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.-L. Zheng, H. Zhang, and W.-L. Jiang, “Tumor necrosis factor-alpha 308G>A polymorphism and risk of rheumatic heart disease: a meta-analysis,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4731, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Leclaire et al., “Preen secretions encode information on MHC similarity in certain sex-dyads in a monogamous seabird,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6920, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.-C. Maré, Aerospace Actuators 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
J. Rattigan-Rohr, Ed., It Takes a Village: A Collaborative Assault on the Struggling Reader Dilemma. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Dudarenko, J. Rana, and K. Synnes, “Ranking Algorithm by Contacts Priority for Social Communication Systems,” in Smart Spaces and Next Generation Wired/Wireless Networking: Third Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2010, and 10th International Conference, NEW2AN 2010, St. Petersburg, Russia, August 23-25, 2010. Proceedings, S. Balandin, R. Dunaytsev, and Y. Koucheryavy, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 38–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Researchers Are Looking To A Surprisingly Old Idea For The Next Generation Of Ships: Wind Power,” IFLScience, Aug. 07, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Indoor Pollution: Status of Federal Research Activities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-99-254, Aug. 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Kyriacou, “A method of verification of the total treatment time for the APBI (Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation) devices: Contura Multilumen Balloon and SAVI applicator,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, “Reporter’s Notebook; Clinton’s 4-Day Holiday: Exhaustive Relaxation,” New York Times, p. B9, Dec. 01, 1992.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1276
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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