How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Lopez, “Astronomy. The universe measured with a comb,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5894, pp. 1301–1302, Sep. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. C. Boles and K. J. Lohmann, “True navigation and magnetic maps in spiny lobsters,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6918, pp. 60–63, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Palikaras, E. Lionaki, and N. Tavernarakis, “Coordination of mitophagy and mitochondrial biogenesis during ageing in C. elegans,” Nature, vol. 521, no. 7553, pp. 525–528, May 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Bartels, C. Hock, J. Huwer, R. Kuhnen, J. Schwöbel, and B. von Issendorff, “Probing the angular momentum character of the valence orbitals of free sodium nanoclusters,” Science, vol. 323, no. 5919, pp. 1323–1327, Mar. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Villalta, The Large-Cap Portfolio. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
J.-M. Jacquet and G. P. Picco, Eds., Coordination Models and Languages: 7th International Conference, COORDINATION 2005, Namur, Belgium, April 20-23, 2005. Proceedings, vol. 3454. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
T. H. Kidd, M. Vural, and G. Ravichandran, “Transverse Response of Unidirectional Composites Under a Wide Range of Confinements and Strain Rates,” in Dynamic Failure of Materials and Structures, A. Shukla, G. Ravichandran, and Y. D. S. Rajapakse, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010, pp. 131–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “Alzheimer’s Breakthrough? Have We Nearly Cured Dementia? Not Just Yet…,” IFLScience, 21-Jul-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transit Labor Arrangements: Most Transit Agencies Report Impacts Are Minimal,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-02-78, Nov. 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Mueller, “Biases in the Selection Process Against Applicants with Tattoos,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Kingman, “Needle and Thread and the Chinatown Night,” New York Times, p. 14CY3, 18-Nov-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun.
ISSN (print)1536-1276
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Applied Mathematics

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