How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hochstrasser, “Molecular biology. New proteases in a ubiquitin stew,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5593, pp. 549–552, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. C. Ferguson-Smith and M. A. Surani, “Imprinting and the epigenetic asymmetry between parental genomes,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5532, pp. 1086–1089, Aug. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Rauzi, P.-F. Lenne, and T. Lecuit, “Planar polarized actomyosin contractile flows control epithelial junction remodelling,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7327, pp. 1110–1114, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X.-Y. Lü, W.-M. Zhang, S. Ashhab, Y. Wu, and F. Nori, “Quantum-criticality-induced strong Kerr nonlinearities in optomechanical systems,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2943, Oct. 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. K. Thompson, Fruit and Vegetables. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
P. R. Sudhakaran, Ed., Perspectives in Cancer Prevention-Translational Cancer Research. New Delhi: Springer India, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Formenti, K. Imai, B. Martin, and J.-B. Yunès, “Advances on Random Sequence Generation by Uniform Cellular Automata,” in Computing with New Resources: Essays Dedicated to Jozef Gruska on the Occasion of His 80th Birthday, C. S. Calude, R. Freivalds, and I. Kazuo, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 56–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “If Color Affects Taxi Safety, Which Shade Is Safest?,” IFLScience, 06-Mar-2017. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of Ohio State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 088676, Apr. 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Donihoo, “Best Practices and Strategies Used by Church Leaders to Mitigate and Prevent Burnout Among Church Volunteers,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. F. Burghardt, “Appeal Goes Against Couple’s Animal Shelter,” New York Times, p. 14LI2, 25-Feb-2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [1].
This sentence cites four references [1], [1], [1], [1].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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