How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Kristoufek, “Can Google Trends search queries contribute to risk diversification?,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2713, 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
X. Lu and C. Brelsford, “Network structure and community evolution on Twitter: human behavior change in response to the 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6773, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Grunwald, T. Elsaesser, and M. Bock, “Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7148, Nov. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Yoshida, K. Kawane, M. Koike, Y. Mori, Y. Uchiyama, and S. Nagata, “Phosphatidylserine-dependent engulfment by macrophages of nuclei from erythroid precursor cells,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7059, pp. 754–758, Sep. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Kirchner, Merger Arbitrage. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2016.
An edited book
J. Li, Production Systems Engineering. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Oshchepkov, “Compensating Wage Differentials Across Russian Regions,” in Geographical Labor Market Imbalances: Recent Explanations and Cures, C. Mussida and F. Pastore, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2015, pp. 65–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “A ten-year-old boy has discovered a 600 million year-old supernova,” IFLScience, 04-Nov-2013. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Review of Several Aspects of the Internal Revenue Service’s Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GGD-77-73, Aug. 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Collins, “Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry,” Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. G. Gustines, “Captain America’s Mom: Some Shocking News,” New York Times, p. C3, 26-May-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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