How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. B. Wilson, “Immunology: Insulin auto-antigenicity in type 1 diabetes,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7067, pp. E5; discussion E5-6, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. K. Murai and E. B. Pasquale, “Neuroscience. Axons seek neighborly advice,” Science, vol. 320, no. 5873, pp. 185–186, Apr. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. M. Glazier, J. H. Nadeau, and T. J. Aitman, “Finding genes that underlie complex traits,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5602, pp. 2345–2349, Dec. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
E. Audero et al., “Sporadic autonomic dysregulation and death associated with excessive serotonin autoinhibition,” Science, vol. 321, no. 5885, pp. 130–133, Jul. 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. N. Toptygin, Electromagnetic Phenomena in Matter. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2015.
An edited book
C. G. Small, Ed., Functional Equations and How to Solve Them. New York, NY: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Drezner, “Continuous Center Problems,” in Foundations of Location Analysis, H. A. Eiselt and V. Marianov, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011, pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “There Are Still Active Volcanoes On Venus,” IFLScience, Jun. 23, 2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Evaluation of Army’s Mobile Subscriber Equipment Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-85-117, Jul. 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. H. Goodwin, “Case study of the voluntary student transfer program: The perspectives of African American students and parent participants in one midwestern school district,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
M. Pilon, “Hitting the Wall: For Marathon Charities, Numbers Are Slowing,” New York Times, p. A1, Oct. 25, 2013.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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