How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
I. P. Herman, “Following the law,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7124, p. 228, Jan. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. T. Roweis and L. K. Saul, “Nonlinear dimensionality reduction by locally linear embedding,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5500, pp. 2323–2326, Dec. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. S. Chester, F. M. Chester, and A. K. Kronenberg, “Fracture surface energy of the Punchbowl fault, San Andreas system,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7055, pp. 133–136, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. D. Fryer et al., “Exercise and genetic rescue of SCA1 via the transcriptional repressor Capicua,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6056, pp. 690–693, Nov. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. A. Brown and L. Kaplan, The Advanced Practice Registered Nurse as a Prescriber. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
H. Stuckenschmidt, C. Parent, and S. Spaccapietra, Eds., Modular Ontologies: Concepts, Theories and Techniques for Knowledge Modularization, vol. 5445. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. V. Korolev and M. M. Mogilevich, “Kinetic Features of Three-Dimensional Free-Radical Copolymerization,” in Three-Dimensional Free-Radical Polymerization: Cross-Linked and Hyper-Branched Polymers, M. M. Mogilevich, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009, pp. 111–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Mathematical Theory Explains Wrinkle Patterning,” IFLScience, Feb. 02, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Science Indicators: Improvements Needed in Design, Construction, and Interpretation,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PAD-79-35, Sep. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Skiold-Hanlin, “Functional and Ecological Aspects of the Mucus Trails of the Freshwater Gastropod Elimia potosiensis,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Hauser, “Secret Service Agent Under Investigation,” New York Times, p. A13, Jan. 25, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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