How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Hahn, “Ronald Harry Coase (1910-2013),” Nature, vol. 502, no. 7472, p. 449, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Booth and N. Bellouin, “Climate change: Black carbon and atmospheric feedbacks,” Nature, vol. 519, no. 7542, pp. 167–168, Mar. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.-Y. Sun, X.-S. Wu, and L.-G. Wu, “Single and multiple vesicle fusion induce different rates of endocytosis at a central synapse,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6888, pp. 555–559, May 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. G. Lilburn, K. S. Kim, N. E. Ostrom, K. R. Byzek, J. R. Leadbetter, and J. A. Breznak, “Nitrogen fixation by symbiotic and free-living spirochetes,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5526, pp. 2495–2498, Jun. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Di Stefano, Distributed Data Management for Grid Computing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
S. Billett, C. Harteis, and H. Gruber, Eds., International Handbook of Research in Professional and Practice-based Learning. in Springer International Handbooks of Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Nagatsuka, K. Ichimura, Y. Ito, M. Yamahara, and T. Toyooka, “Filters and Films for Liquid Crystal Devices,” in The Liquid Crystal Display Story: 50 Years of Liquid Crystal R&D that lead The Way to the Future, N. Koide, Ed., Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2014, pp. 81–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Aging is not universal across all organisms,” IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DOT’s Recommendation Response System,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-92-164R, May 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. E. McConnell, “A Dual Diagnosis of Hearing Loss and an Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Illustrative Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. W. Kelly, “Quotation of the Day,” New York Times, p. A2, Dec. 29, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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