How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Knutson, “Behavior. Sweet revenge?,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5688, pp. 1246–1247, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. Boolchand and W. J. Bresser, “Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes,” Nature, vol. 410, no. 6832, pp. 1070–1073, Apr. 2001.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Messer, A. Zinevich, and P. Alpert, “Environmental monitoring by wireless communication networks,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5774, p. 713, May 2006.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. B. Cohen, M. E. Graham, G. O. Lovrecz, N. Bache, P. J. Robinson, and R. R. Reddel, “Protein composition of catalytically active human telomerase from immortal cells,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5820, pp. 1850–1853, Mar. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
I. Eidhammer, H. Barsnes, G. E. Eide, and L. Martens, Computational and Statistical Methods for Protein Quantification by Mass Spectrometry. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
S. Rajasekar, Nonlinear Resonances. in Springer Series in Synergetics. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Chakravarthy and Q. Jiang, “MODELING CONTINUOUS QUERIES OVER DATA STREAMS,” in Stream Data Processing: A Quality of Service Perspective: Modeling, Scheduling, Load Shedding, and Complex Event Processing, S. Chakravarthy, Ed., in Advances in Database Systems. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009, pp. 49–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Cuckoos Use Mafia Tactics, And They Work,” IFLScience, Apr. 18, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Ocean Research Fleet: Contracting Practices for Repair of NOAA Ships,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-25, Oct. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. E. McConnell, “A Dual Diagnosis of Hearing Loss and an Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Illustrative Case Study,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Court Upholds Arizona Limits Imposed on Insanity Defense,” New York Times, p. A19, Jun. 30, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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