How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Jaeglé, “Atmospheric science. Pumping up surface air,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5813, pp. 772–773, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Wigler and B. Mishra, “Genetics. Wild by nature,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5572, pp. 1407–1408, May 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. H. Robertson, E. G. Diken, and M. A. Johnson, “Chemistry. Snapshots of water at work,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5631, pp. 320–321, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
W. Chen et al., “Beta-arrestin 2 mediates endocytosis of type III TGF-beta receptor and down-regulation of its signaling,” Science, vol. 301, no. 5638, pp. 1394–1397, Sep. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. A. Rosier, M. A. Martens, and J. R. Thomas, Global New Drug Development. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
D. Ryżko, H. Rybiński, P. Gawrysiak, and M. Kryszkiewicz, Eds., Emerging Intelligent Technologies in Industry, vol. 369. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Strumia, G. Ramantani, I. Mader, J. Henning, L. Bai, and S. Hadjidemetriou, “Analysis of Structural MRI Data for the Localisation of Focal Cortical Dysplasia in Epilepsy,” in Clinical Image-Based Procedures. From Planning to Intervention: International Workshop, CLIP 2012, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2012, Nice, France, October 5, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, K. Drechsler, M. Erdt, M. G. Linguraru, C. Oyarzun Laura, K. Sharma, R. Shekhar, and S. Wesarg, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Farmers in China Discover Giant Armored Dinosaur Fossils,” IFLScience, 14-Aug-2014. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Korean Version),” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-951, Aug. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Ma, “Vesicular Stomatitis Virus as a Vector to Deliver Virus-Like Particles of Human Norovirus: A New Live Vectored Vaccine for Human Norovirus,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Kenigsberg, “The Wasted Times,” New York Times, p. C13, 15-Dec-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
ISSN (print)0894-6507
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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