How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Gewin, “The new networking nexus,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7181, pp. 1024–1025, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. A. Starr and M. Han, “Role of ANC-1 in tethering nuclei to the actin cytoskeleton,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5592, pp. 406–409, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Keppler, M. Wiedenbeck, and S. S. Shcheka, “Carbon solubility in olivine and the mode of carbon storage in the Earth’s mantle,” Nature, vol. 424, no. 6947, pp. 414–416, Jul. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. R. Mason, S. G. Menabde, S. Yu, and N. Park, “Plasmonic excitations of 1D metal-dielectric interfaces in 2D systems: 1D surface plasmon polaritons,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4536, Apr. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Siebert and I. Maniatis, Tragende Bauteile aus Glas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2012.
An edited book
Q. Gu, P. Hell, and B. Yang, Eds., Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: 10th International Conference, AAIM 2014, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 8-11, 2014. Proceedings, vol. 8546. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Harding, “Interrogating the Modernity vs. Tradition Contrast: Whose Science and Technology for Whose Social Progress?,” in Feminist Epistemology and Philosophy of Science: Power in Knowledge, H. E. Grasswick, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2011, pp. 85–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Jade Pendant’s Inscription Reveals New Aspect To Mayan Civilization,” IFLScience, Feb. 27, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Longer Combination Trucks: Driver Controls and Equipment Inspection Should Be Improved,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-94-21, Nov. 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. L. Dixon-Thompson, “The relationship between the usage of a Computer Assisted Instructional (CAI) program, Ticket to Read (T2R) and reading achievement in third grade,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, “THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; As Race Looks Tighter, Theme Is Truth and Trust,” New York Times, p. A1, Oct. 29, 1992.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Professional Communication
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Prof. Commun.
ISSN (print)0361-1434
ScopeIndustrial relations
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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