How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Ibba, “Protein synthesis. Discriminating right from wrong,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5540, pp. 70–71, Oct. 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. D. Roberson and L. Mucke, “100 years and counting: prospects for defeating Alzheimer’s disease,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5800, pp. 781–784, Nov. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. E. Shevenell, J. P. Kennett, and D. W. Lea, “Middle Miocene Southern Ocean cooling and Antarctic cryosphere expansion,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5691, pp. 1766–1770, Sep. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Santoro, F. A. Gorelli, R. Bini, G. Ruocco, S. Scandolo, and W. A. Crichton, “Amorphous silica-like carbon dioxide,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7095, pp. 857–860, Jun. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Kompare, CSI. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
T. A. Kassim, Ed., Water Pollution: Environmental Impact Assessment of Recycled Wastes on Surface and Ground Waters; Risk Analysis, vol. 2. in The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry, vol. 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
J. X. Kang and K. H. Weylandt, “Modulation of Inflammatory Cytokines by Omega-3 Fatty Acids,” in Lipids in Health and Disease, P. J. Quinn and X. Wang, Eds., in Subcellular Biochemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2008, pp. 133–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “These Skyscrapers Will Clean Pollution From The Surrounding Water And Air,” IFLScience, Jul. 03, 2014. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Protest of NASA Contract Award,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-177224, Dec. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Shakya, “Planter Boxes and Rain Gardens for Urban Stormwater Management: Performance of Extended Field Application,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, “Anarchy? No, It’s Art,” New York Times, p. ST4, Dec. 07, 2008.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Propag. Mag.
ISSN (print)1045-9243
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles