How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F. A. Smith, “Evolution. Some like it hot,” Science, vol. 335, no. 6071, pp. 924–925, Feb. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Nunes and R. D. Norris, “Abrupt reversal in ocean overturning during the Palaeocene/Eocene warm period,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7072, pp. 60–63, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Charpinet, G. Fontaine, and P. Brassard, “Seismic evidence for the loss of stellar angular momentum before the white-dwarf stage,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7263, pp. 501–503, Sep. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Kikuchi, K. Terauchi, M. Wada, and H.-Y. Hirano, “The plant MITE mPing is mobilized in anther culture,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6919, pp. 167–170, Jan. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. P. Mariño, Optimization of Computer Networks - Modeling and Algorithms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
N. Bartolini, S. Nikoletseas, P. Sinha, V. Cardellini, and A. Mahanti, Eds., Quality of Service in Heterogeneous Networks: 6th International ICST Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness, QShine 2009 and 3rd International Workshop on Advanced Architectures and Algorithms for Internet Delivery and Applications, AAA-IDEA 2009, Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings, vol. 22. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
F. T. Pacheco and A. J. da Rocha, “Ischemic Stroke in Children,” in Critical Findings in Neuroradiology, R. Hoffmann Nunes, A. L. Abello, and M. Castillo, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Evidence for a rapid reversal of the geomagnetic field 41,000 years ago,” IFLScience, Oct. 29, 2013. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “NCAA Student Athlete Pell Grants,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, OSI-95-13R, Jan. 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. W. Williamson, “Measurements and analysis of extinction in vitiated flame sheets,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Schwartz, “Climate Deal Called Too Weak to Meet Goals,” New York Times, p. A12, Nov. 16, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Propag. Mag.
ISSN (print)1045-9243
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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