How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Coppi, “Astronomy. Inside a cosmic train wreck,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5833, pp. 1852–1854, Jun. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
N. Masataka and L. Perlovsky, “Cognitive interference can be mitigated by consonant music and facilitated by dissonant music,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2028, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Kiesel, A. Renz, and F. Hasselbach, “Observation of Hanbury Brown-Twiss anticorrelations for free electrons,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6896, pp. 392–394, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. Modugno, G. Ferrari, G. Roati, R. J. Brecha, A. Simoni, and M. Inguscio, “Bose-Einstein condensation of potassium atoms by sympathetic cooling,” Science, vol. 294, no. 5545, pp. 1320–1322, Nov. 2001.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Thériault and F. D. Rosiers, Modeling Urban Dynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011.
An edited book
K. Porter, 50 Billion Dollar Boss: African American Women Sharing Stories of Success in Entrepreneurship and Leadership. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
R. W. White, A. Kapoor, and S. T. Dumais, “Modeling Long-Term Search Engine Usage,” in User Modeling, Adaptation, and Personalization: 18th International Conference, UMAP 2010, Big Island, HI, USA, June 20-24, 2010. Proceedings, P. D. Bra, A. Kobsa, and D. Chin, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 28–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Spectacular Stellar Winds Seen In Highest Resolution Yet,” IFLScience, Oct. 19, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, IAP-96-21, Jun. 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Scaramella, “Physical activity and red light foods consumed in ASPIRE-VA veterans,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Putin Reaches Out To Vatican,” New York Times, p. A6, Jan. 31, 2003.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Propag. Mag.
ISSN (print)1045-9243
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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