How to format your references using the IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. V. Polishchuk, “Ecology. Conservation priorities for Russian mammals,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5584, p. 1123, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Hoffman and Y. Pilpel, “Gene expression. MicroRNAs silence the noisy genome,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6230, pp. 41–42, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Schall, D. A. Weitz, and F. Spaepen, “Structural rearrangements that govern flow in colloidal glasses,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5858, pp. 1895–1899, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Skrott et al., “Alcohol-abuse drug disulfiram targets cancer via p97 segregase adaptor NPL4,” Nature, vol. 552, no. 7684, pp. 194–199, Dec. 2017.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Pandya, Mobile and Personal Communication Services and Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
M. Mistry, A. Leonardis, M. Witkowski, and C. Melhuish, Eds., Advances in Autonomous Robotics Systems: 15th Annual Conference, TAROS 2014, Birmingham, UK, September 1-3, 2014. Proceedings, vol. 8717. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. C. Alexander, “An Introduction to Computational Diffusion MRI: the Diffusion Tensor and Beyond,” in Visualization and Processing of Tensor Fields, J. Weickert and H. Hagen, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 83–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine.

Blog post
S. Luntz, “Australia’s Mammals Are On The Edge,” IFLScience, 17-Feb-2015. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The Air Force Continued To Develop the Advanced Logistics System, a Program It Was Directed To Cancel,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, LCD-78-108, Apr. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N. Saldivar, “Understanding the impact of AB-12 on the child welfare workforce,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Oreos in the (Pancake) Mix,” New York Times, p. NJ10, 28-Feb-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Antennas Propag. Mag.
ISSN (print)1045-9243
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Condensed Matter Physics

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