How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. M. Alexander, “Biophysics. Antennae as gyroscopes,” Science, vol. 315, no. 5813, pp. 771–772, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ahn and E. J. Brook, “Atmospheric CO2 and climate on millennial time scales during the last glacial period,” Science, vol. 322, no. 5898, pp. 83–85, Oct. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. G. Wolfsberg, J. McEntyre, and G. D. Schuler, “Guide to the draft human genome,” Nature, vol. 409, no. 6822, pp. 824–826, Feb. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. L. Hoffman, G. M. Subramanian, F. H. Collins, and J. C. Venter, “Plasmodium, human and Anopheles genomics and malaria,” Nature, vol. 415, no. 6872, pp. 702–709, Feb. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Utsuro and V. K. Ignatovich, Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
D. Martinovic, V. Freiman, and Z. Karadag, Eds., Visual Mathematics and Cyberlearning, vol. 1. in Mathematics Education in the Digital Era, vol. 1. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Schultz and C. Cook, “Using Images,” in Beginning HTML with CSS and XHTML: Modern Guide and Reference, C. Cook, Ed., Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2007, pp. 105–129.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security.

Blog post
B. Taub, “How Much Radiation Is Given Off By Your Household Items?,” IFLScience, Oct. 11, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-97-103, Jun. 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Krisher, “Cell-Matrix Interaction: Activation of the MAP Kinase Signaling Pathway in Salivary Gland Cells,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Yablonsky, “The Insider,” New York Times, p. M222, Apr. 01, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
ISSN (print)1556-6013
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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