How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Sardar, “Beyond the troubled relationship,” Nature, vol. 448, no. 7150, pp. 131–133, Jul. 2007.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. A. Pagliarini and T. Xu, “A genetic screen in Drosophila for metastatic behavior,” Science, vol. 302, no. 5648, pp. 1227–1231, Nov. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Wen, S. Zhou, and J. Chen, “Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5191, Jun. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Nelissen, G. Luppino, W. Vanduffel, G. Rizzolatti, and G. A. Orban, “Observing others: multiple action representation in the frontal lobe,” Science, vol. 310, no. 5746, pp. 332–336, Oct. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Bilisoly, Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
P. Smeyers, D. Bridges, N. C. Burbules, and M. Griffiths, Eds., International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
L. Bruschi and G. Mistura, “The Quartz Crystal Microbalance as a Nanotribology Technique,” in Fundamentals of Friction and Wear on the Nanoscale, E. Gnecco and E. Meyer, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 79–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “How Hubble’s Successor Will Give Us A Glimpse Into The Very First Galaxies,” IFLScience, Sep. 16, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Supplemental Student Loans: Who Are the Largest Lenders?,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-90-72FS, Feb. 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. O. Ports, “Laterally associated proteins modulate α6 integrin cleavage, a permissive process utilized during cancer metastasis,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, “Every Justice Creates a New Court,” New York Times, p. A27, May 27, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Information Forensics and Security
ISSN (print)1556-6013
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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