How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Y. Chong, “Optical devices: photonic insulators with a twist,” Nature, vol. 496, no. 7444, pp. 173–174, Apr. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. J. Hines and L. M. Zahn, “What’s bugging plants? Plant-microbe interactions. Introduction,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5928, p. 741, May 2009.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Dvorak, W. Oswald, and Z. Wu, “Bandgap opening by patterning graphene,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2289, 2013.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Prusinkiewicz, Y. Erasmus, B. Lane, L. D. Harder, and E. Coen, “Evolution and development of inflorescence architectures,” Science, vol. 316, no. 5830, pp. 1452–1456, Jun. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. Robyns, B. François, G. Delille, and C. Saudemont, Energy Storage in Electric Power Grids. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2015.
An edited book
P. Mohapatra and S. V. Krishnamurthy, Eds., Ad Hoc Networks: Technologies and Protocols. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
P. S. Melo, P. D. Marcato, D. R. de Araújo, and N. Durán, “In Vitro Cytotoxicity Assays of Nanoparticles on Different Cell Lines,” in Nanotoxicology: Materials, Methodologies, and Assessments, N. Durán, S. S. Guterres, and O. L. Alves, Eds., in Nanomedicine and Nanotoxicology. , New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 111–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Layer of Sunscreen Discovered on Boiling-Hot Exoplanet,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Mass Transit: FTA Needs to Better Define and Assess Impact of Certain Policies on New Starts Program,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-04-748, Jun. 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. A. Mazza, “The Influence of Meteorological Parameters on Rainfall and Severe Weather in Pinellas County, FL,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Panel to Scrutinize Causes Behind Weak State Budgets,” New York Times, p. B2, Jun. 24, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.
ISSN (print)0093-9994
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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