How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Palmer, “Drugs: Lines of defence,” Nature, vol. 480, no. 7376, pp. S9-10, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. J. Drake and P. Testa, “The ‘solar model problem’ solved by the abundance of neon in nearby stars,” Nature, vol. 436, no. 7050, pp. 525–528, Jul. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. W. Green 2nd, W.-P. Chen, and M. R. Brudzinski, “Seismic evidence of negligible water carried below 400-km depth in subducting lithosphere,” Nature, vol. 467, no. 7317, pp. 828–831, Oct. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ko et al., “Impaired hydroxylation of 5-methylcytosine in myeloid cancers with mutant TET2,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7325, pp. 839–843, Dec. 2010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.-Z. Du and K.-I. Ko, Theory of Computational Complexity. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
M. Dumas, M. Reichert, and M.-C. Shan, Eds., Business Process Management: 6th International Conference, BPM 2008, Milan, Italy, September 2-4, 2008. Proceedings, vol. 5240. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Cooper, “The Importance of Open Networks in Sustaining the Digital Revolution,” in Net Neutrality or Net Neutering: Should Broadband Internet Services be Regulated, T. M. Lenard and R. J. May, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2006, pp. 109–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Deadly Poison Lurking In A Frog The Size Of Your Fingernail,” IFLScience, Jun. 10, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Army Reserve Officer Education,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, NSIAD-93-197R, May 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. C. Fink, “An Exposure Assessment of Paper Dust in a Coupon Manufacturing Facility,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up,” New York Times, p. BU1, Sep. 16, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.
ISSN (print)0093-9994
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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