How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
K. Kreeger, “Training programmes with vision,” Nature, vol. 417, no. 6887, p. 5, May 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. W. Fox and R. S. Tibbetts, “Neurodegeneration: Problems at the nuclear pore,” Nature, vol. 525, no. 7567, pp. 36–37, Sep. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Zhang, J. Wang, and Y. Shi, “Structure and mechanism of the S component of a bacterial ECF transporter,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7324, pp. 717–720, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Kim, J. C. Malinverni, P. Sliz, T. J. Silhavy, S. C. Harrison, and D. Kahne, “Structure and function of an essential component of the outer membrane protein assembly machine,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5840, pp. 961–964, Aug. 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. Sallaberry, Geographical Information Retrieval in Textual Corpora. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
M. Schädel and D. Shaughnessy, Eds., The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements, 2nd ed. 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
C. E. Aronoff and J. L. Ward, “Finding and Choosing an Advisor,” in How to Choose and Use Advisors: Getting the Best Professional Family Business Advice, J. L. Ward, Ed. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2011, pp. 57–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What Causes Necrotising Fasciitis, The Flesh-Eating Bug?,” IFLScience, 20-Oct-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Opportunity For Savings In Space Programs By Reevaluating Needs Before Buying Facilities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-164027, Jul. 1968.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. W. Schiffbauer, “The pursuit of self-esteem: A help or a hindrance in thriving in the workplace?,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
N. Kitsantonis, “Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece,” New York Times, p. B3, 02-May-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.
ISSN (print)0093-9994
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Other styles