How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. A. Kerr, “PLANETARY SCIENCE: Beating Up on a Young Earth, and Possibly Life,” Science, vol. 290, no. 5497, p. 1677, Dec. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Dulcis and N. C. Spitzer, “Illumination controls differentiation of dopamine neurons regulating behaviour,” Nature, vol. 456, no. 7219, pp. 195–201, Nov. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Kim, J. A. Ashenhurst, and M. Movassaghi, “Total synthesis of (+)-11,11’-dideoxyverticillin A,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5924, pp. 238–241, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. H. L. Koppens et al., “Control and detection of singlet-triplet mixing in a random nuclear field,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5739, pp. 1346–1350, Aug. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. L. Lamattina, Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
T. Proulx, Ed., Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 6: Proceedings of the 2011 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. in Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Easwaran, M. Dixit, and S. Sinha, “Bitcoin Dynamics: The Inverse Square Law of Price Fluctuations and Other Stylized Facts,” in Econophysics and Data Driven Modelling of Market Dynamics, F. Abergel, H. Aoyama, B. K. Chakrabarti, A. Chakraborti, and A. Ghosh, Eds., in New Economic Windows. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 121–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Researchers Discover Neurons That Play A Role In Asthma Attacks,” IFLScience, Jul. 22, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-09-414T, Mar. 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Williams, “The Impact on Reunification for Families with Incarcerated Parents: A Policy Analysis of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Vlasic, “Autoworkers’ Union Reaches Tentative Deal With Fiat Chrysler,” New York Times, p. B2, Sep. 16, 2015.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.
ISSN (print)0093-9994
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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