How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Haptics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Haptics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. C. Borniger, “Leaping into the unknown,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6262, p. 882, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. McBrearty and N. G. Jablonski, “First fossil chimpanzee,” Nature, vol. 437, no. 7055, pp. 105–108, Sep. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
E. Kernbauer, Y. Ding, and K. Cadwell, “An enteric virus can replace the beneficial function of commensal bacteria,” Nature, vol. 516, no. 7529, pp. 94–98, Dec. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. D. Daw, J. P. O’Doherty, P. Dayan, B. Seymour, and R. J. Dolan, “Cortical substrates for exploratory decisions in humans,” Nature, vol. 441, no. 7095, pp. 876–879, Jun. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Gleeson, The Personal Efficiency Program. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008.
An edited book
P. Mehdipour, Ed., Epigenetics Territory and Cancer. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
D. S. Keller and C. P. Delaney, “SILS Total Colectomy and Proctocolectomy with Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis (IPAA),” in Single Incision Laparoscopic and Transanal Colorectal Surgery, W. L. Law and C. P. Delaney, Eds. New York, NY: Springer, 2014, pp. 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Haptics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Why Aren’t Io’s Volcanoes Where They Should Be?,” IFLScience, Sep. 12, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-98-126, May 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Amini, “Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic Systems,” Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Gorman, “Older Bonobos Could Sure Use Some Glasses,” New York Times, p. D6, Nov. 07, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Haptics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Haptics
ISSN (print)1939-1412
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

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