How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Haptics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Haptics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Collinge, “Medicine. Prion strain mutation and selection,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5982, pp. 1111–1112, May 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. Eberl and D. R. Littman, “Thymic origin of intestinal alphabeta T cells revealed by fate mapping of RORgammat+ cells,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5681, pp. 248–251, Jul. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Leone, P. F. Ferrari, and E. Palagi, “Different yawns, different functions? Testing social hypotheses on spontaneous yawning in Theropithecus gelada,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4010, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Vidal-Madjar et al., “An extended upper atmosphere around the extrasolar planet HD209458b,” Nature, vol. 422, no. 6928, pp. 143–146, Mar. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. R. Brown, W. M. Gregory, C. Twelves, and J. Brown, A Practical Guide to Designing Phase II Trials in Oncology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
A. Butz, B. Fisher, M. Christie, A. Krüger, P. Olivier, and R. Therón, Eds., Smart Graphics: 10th International Symposium, SG 2009, Salamanca, Spain, May 28-30, 2009. Proceedings, vol. 5531. in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 5531. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
G. W. Beck and V. Wieland, “Money in Monetary Policy Design: Monetary Cross-Checking in the New-Keynesian Model,” in The Science and Practice of Monetary Policy Today: The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics 2007, V. Wieland, Ed., Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010, pp. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Haptics.

Blog post
J. Fang, “They May Be Loners, But Unpopular Marmots Protect the Colony,” IFLScience, Jan. 26, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FAA’s Air Traffic Controller Staffing Standards,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-88-8, Nov. 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. J. Culumber, “Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future,” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
A. Higgins, “Putin Butts In to Claim There Were No Secrets, And Says He’ll Prove It,” New York Times, p. A16, May 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Haptics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Haptics
ISSN (print)1939-1412
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

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