How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Haptics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Haptics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. W. Mel, “Neurobiology. What the synapse tells the neuron,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5561, pp. 1845–1846, Mar. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. T. Bieging and L. D. Attardi, “Cancer: A piece of the p53 puzzle,” Nature, vol. 520, no. 7545, pp. 37–38, Apr. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. P. Rakitzis, A. J. van den Brom, and M. H. M. Janssen, “Directional dynamics in the photodissociation of oriented molecules,” Science, vol. 303, no. 5665, pp. 1852–1854, Mar. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Badro, J.-P. Rueff, G. Vankó, G. Monaco, G. Fiquet, and F. Guyot, “Electronic transitions in perovskite: possible nonconvecting layers in the lower mantle,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5682, pp. 383–386, Jul. 2004.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. S. C. da Silva and J. Agustí-Cullell, Knowledge Coordination. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Q. Huo, B. Ma, E.-S. Chng, and H. Li, Eds., Chinese Spoken Language Processing: 5th International Symposium, ISCSLP 2006, Singapore, December 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, vol. 4274. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Xu, S. Zhou, L. Qiu, S. Liu, and P. Li, “A Document Clustering Algorithm Based on Semi-constrained Hierarchical Latent Dirichlet Allocation,” in Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 7th International Conference, KSEM 2014, Sibiu, Romania, October 16-18, 2014. Proceedings, R. Buchmann, C. V. Kifor, and J. Yu, Eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Haptics.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Ongoing Disney Measles Outbreak Sickens 67 - Including Six Who Were Too Young To Be Vaccinated,” IFLScience, 22-Jan-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA’s Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-15-386T, Feb. 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. V. Haigh, “More Than Skin Deep: The Impact of Self-Esteem, Desire for Lighter Skin, and Gender on the Mental Health of University Students in Thailand,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. C. Curtis, “It’s Never Boring in North Carolina,” New York Times, p. A35, 14-Oct-2014.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Haptics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Haptics
ISSN (print)1939-1412
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

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