How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Haptics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Haptics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Panksepp, “Behavior. Empathy and the laws of affect,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6061, pp. 1358–1359, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Rowe and L. R. Frank, “The disappearing third dimension,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6018, pp. 712–714, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. A. Shelby, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction,” Science, vol. 292, no. 5514, pp. 77–79, Apr. 2001.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. A. Houghton, D. L. Skole, C. A. Nobre, J. L. Hackler, K. T. Lawrence, and W. H. Chomentowski, “Annual fluxes of carbon from deforestation and regrowth in the Brazilian Amazon,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6767, pp. 301–304, Jan. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. C. Thiselton, 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
R. Naboni, Advanced Customization in Architectural Design and Construction. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Richards, “Influence and Incentives in Financial Institution Supervision,” in Financial Supervision in the 21st Century, A. J. Kellermann, J. de Haan, and F. de Vries, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 73–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Haptics.

Blog post
B. Taub, “How Much Radiation Is Given Off By Your Household Items?,” IFLScience, Oct. 11, 2016. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Computer Simulations, War Gaming, and Contract Studies,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-163074, Feb. 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Tam, “Adaptation of AspectJ for C sharp,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller and A. L. Baker, “A Mother Slain on a Playground, a Sea of Witnesses Gone Silent,” New York Times, p. A1, Oct. 07, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Haptics
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Haptics
ISSN (print)1939-1412
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Human-Computer Interaction

Other styles