How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. F. Schaefer, “Geochemistry. When do rocks become oil?,” Science, vol. 308, no. 5726, pp. 1267–1268, May 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. K. Rai and R. Cook-Deegan, “Genetics. Moving beyond ‘isolated’ gene patents,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6142, pp. 137–138, Jul. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. L. Furman, F. Murray, and S. Stern, “More for the research dollar,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7325, pp. 757–758, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. L. Bodelier, P. Roslev, T. Henckel, and P. Frenzel, “Stimulation by ammonium-based fertilizers of methane oxidation in soil around rice roots,” Nature, vol. 403, no. 6768, pp. 421–424, Jan. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Utsuro and V. K. Ignatovich, Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2010.
An edited book
M. D’Onofrio and C. Burigana, Eds., Questions of Modern Cosmology: Galileo’s Legacy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
S. R. Wassell, “Art and Mathematics Before the Quattrocento: A Context for Understanding Renaissance Architecture,” in Architecture and Mathematics from Antiquity to the Future: Volume I: Antiquity to the 1500s, M. J. Ostwald, Ed., Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 67–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Rocky Planets Can Form In Binary Systems,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Contracts: Federal-Aid Highway Contracts Awarded to Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-89-78, Feb. 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. S. Stephens, “Understanding CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 Activation by CXC Chemokine Ligand 12,” Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Tierney, “The Perfect Gift? It’s the One They Asked For,” New York Times, p. D1, Dec. 12, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-778X
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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