How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. S. Rogers, “Confounding factors in coral reef recovery,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5478, p. 391b, Jul. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Brei and D. Fish, “Comment on ‘Parasites as a viability cost of sexual selection in natural populations of mammals,’” Science, vol. 300, no. 5616, pp. 55; author reply 55, Apr. 2003.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Seoane, H.-V. Le, and J. Massagué, “Myc suppression of the p21(Cip1) Cdk inhibitor influences the outcome of the p53 response to DNA damage,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6908, pp. 729–734, Oct. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Cao, C. Wei, R. E. Simpson, L. Zhang, and M. J. Cryan, “Fast tuning of double Fano resonance using a phase-change metamaterial under low power intensity,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4463, Mar. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. B. Meier, J. E. Marthinsen, and P. A. Gantenbein, Swiss Finance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
D. Metaxas, L. Axel, G. Fichtinger, and G. Székely, Eds., Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2008: 11th International Conference, New York, NY, USA, September 6-10, 2008, Proceedings, Part II, vol. 5242. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Han and S. Saxena, “Algorithms for Testing Length Four Permutations,” in Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Third Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2013, Dalian, China, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings, M. Fellows, X. Tan, and B. Zhu, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 17–23.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “New Model Could Show That Stephen Hawking Is Right About Black Holes,” IFLScience, 27-Apr-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Airline Competition: Weak Financial Structure Threatens Competition,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-91-110, Apr. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C. L. Norman, “Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts,” Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, “‘Westworld’ Creators Speak of Seasons, Spoilers and Patience,” New York Times, p. C3, 05-Dec-2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-778X
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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