How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
W. S. Broecker, “Geology. Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood?,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5777, pp. 1146–1148, May 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
A. Shindo and J. B. Wallingford, “PCP and septins compartmentalize cortical actomyosin to direct collective cell movement,” Science, vol. 343, no. 6171, pp. 649–652, Feb. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Bustamante, Z. Bryant, and S. B. Smith, “Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6921, pp. 423–427, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. C. Lau et al., “Characterization of the piRNA complex from rat testes,” Science, vol. 313, no. 5785, pp. 363–367, Jul. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Isobe, W. Watanabe, and K. Itoh, Functional Imaging by Controlled Nonlinear Optical Phenomena. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
E. G. Frankel, Ed., Oil and Security: A World Beyond Petroleum, vol. 12. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
X. Tan and B. Jiang, “Minimization of the Maximum Distance between the Two Guards Patrolling a Polygonal Region,” in Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2012, Beijing, China, May 14-16, 2012. Proceedings, J. Snoeyink, P. Lu, K. Su, and L. Wang, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 47–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation.

Blog post
T. Hale, “What Would Happen If A Nuclear Bomb Was Dropped On A City?,” IFLScience, Jan. 27, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “School Bus Safety: Crash Data Trends and Federal and State Requirements,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-17-209, Jan. 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Nakayama, “Educational Advocacy for Children in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Shpigel, “Pro Football; Bowles Hospitalized, and He May Not Coach,” New York Times, p. D4, Dec. 23, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-778X
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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