How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hernanz, “Astrophysics: A lithium-rich stellar explosion,” Nature, vol. 518, no. 7539, pp. 307–308, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
P. König and P. F. M. J. Verschure, “Neuroscience. Neurons in action,” Science, vol. 296, no. 5574, pp. 1817–1818, Jun. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. E. Moritz, C. M. Bitz, and E. J. Steig, “Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5586, pp. 1497–1502, Aug. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. M. Schmitt, J. Shi, A. M. Wolf, C.-C. Lu, L. A. King, and Y. Zou, “Wnt-Ryk signalling mediates medial-lateral retinotectal topographic mapping,” Nature, vol. 439, no. 7072, pp. 31–37, Jan. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. van Gumster and R. Shimonski, GIMP Bible. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
T. Tryfonas, Ed., Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy, and Trust: 4th International Conference, HAS 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016, Proceedings, vol. 9750. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Barber, “Augmentation of Groundwater Resources through Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) Method,” in Groundwater: Resource Evaluation, Augmentation, Contamination, Restoration, Modeling and Management, M. Thangarajan, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007, pp. 112–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation.

Blog post
T. Hale, “Controversial Study Wants To Resurrect Brain-Dead People,” IFLScience, Jun. 06, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Financial Management Systems: DHS Has an Opportunity to Incorporate Best Practices in Modernization Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-553T, Mar. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. A. Solano, “Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. R. Oestreich, “Lions in Winter Who Can Still Roar,” New York Times, p. C5, May 23, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-778X
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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