How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Baruch, “Practical science has a global reach and appeal,” Nature, vol. 507, no. 7491, p. 141, Mar. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
E. L. Olson and R. M. Allen, “The deterministic nature of earthquake rupture,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7065, pp. 212–215, Nov. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and V. Mbele, “Molecular fingerprinting with the resolved modes of a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Nature, vol. 445, no. 7128, pp. 627–630, Feb. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Biswas, M. Grant, I. Samajdar, A. Haldar, and A. Sain, “Micromechanics of emergent patterns in plastic flows,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2728, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
C. V. Ciobanu, C.-Z. Wang, and K.-M. Ho, Atomic Structure Prediction of Nanostructures, Clusters and Surfaces. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
C. Silvano, W. Fornaciari, and E. Villar, Eds., Multi-objective Design Space Exploration of Multiprocessor SoC Architectures: The MULTICUBE Approach, 1st ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Kardel and P. Maquet, “3 In Paris and France 1664-1665,” in Nicolaus Steno: Biography and Original Papers of a 17th Century Scientist, T. Kardel and P. Maquet, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 115–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation.

Blog post
J. Davis, “Bleaching Of The Great Barrier Reef Seen From Space,” IFLScience, May 29, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Highway Safety: Monitoring Practices To Show Compliance With Speed Limits Should Be Reexamined,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-88-29, Mar. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. H. Kane, “A Qualitative Exploratory Inquiry of Communicating in a Multigenerational Traditional-Rational Organization,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, “Young Stars Climb Rankings, Jolting Russia’s Dormant Men’s Game to Life,” New York Times, p. B9, Jan. 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Evol. Comput.
ISSN (print)1089-778X
ScopeComputational Theory and Mathematics
Theoretical Computer Science

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