How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. V. Olson, “Genome-sequencing anniversary. What does a ‘normal’ human genome look like?,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6019, p. 872, Feb. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. S. Sherkow and H. T. Greely, “Genomics. What if extinction is not forever?,” Science, vol. 340, no. 6128, pp. 32–33, Apr. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. F. Kasting, D. C. Catling, and K. Zahnle, “Atmospheric oxygenation and volcanism,” Nature, vol. 487, no. 7408, pp. E1; discussion E2, Jul. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. S. Madin et al., “Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates,” Science, vol. 312, no. 5775, pp. 897–900, May 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. J. Bain, B. J. Wild, A. D. Stephens, and L. A. Phelan, Variant Haemoglobins. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
An edited book
A. Sillitti, A. Martin, X. Wang, and E. Whitworth, Eds., Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 11th International Conference, XP 2010, Trondheim, Norway, June 1-4, 2010. Proceedings, vol. 48. in Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, vol. 48. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
T. H. Yu, B. W. Fuller, J. H. Bannick, L. M. Rossey, and R. K. Cunningham, “Integrated Environment Management for Information Operations Testbeds,” in VizSEC 2007: Proceedings of the Workshop on Visualization for Computer Security, J. R. Goodall, G. Conti, and K.-L. Ma, Eds., in Mathematics and Visualization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Most Detailed Image Of The Milky Way Stellar Nursery Yet,” IFLScience, Oct. 07, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 126497, Mar. 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. L. Bryant, “The Influence of High School Preparation on Black Male Students’ Ability to Succeed at the Post-Secondary Level,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, M. M. Grynbaum, and S. Maheshwari, “Fox Pitches Sports to Advertisers, but Specter of Its News Scandal Lingers,” New York Times, p. B6, May 16, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electron Devices
ISSN (print)0018-9383
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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