How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Barry, “Infectious disease. More than just bugs in spit,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6235, pp. 633–634, May 2015.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. R. Brummelkamp and B. van Steensel, “GENE REGULATION. A HUSH for transgene expression,” Science, vol. 348, no. 6242, pp. 1433–1434, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Wagemaker, A. P. M. Kentgens, and F. M. Mulder, “Equilibrium lithium transport between nanocrystalline phases in intercalated TiO(2) anatase,” Nature, vol. 418, no. 6896, pp. 397–399, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Alghamedi, M. Vasiliev, M. Nur-E-Alam, and K. Alameh, “Spectrally-selective all-inorganic scattering luminophores for solar energy-harvesting clear glass windows,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6632, Oct. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. T. Oden, An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
M. Privat, Pro Core Data for iOS: Data Access and Persistence Engine for iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
D. S. Wheeler, B. Zingarelli, and H. R. Wong, “The Role of Extracellular Heat Shock Proteins in Cellular Inflammation and Injury,” in Yearbook of Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine, J.-L. Vincent, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2006, pp. 45–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “A New Website Shows How Global Warming Could Change Your Town,” IFLScience, 09-Apr-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “The Job Training Partnership Act: An Analysis of Support Cost Limits and Participant Characteristics,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-86-16, Nov. 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Enriquez, “Music therapy to hospice patients of Visiting Nurse Association of Inland Counties: A grant proposal,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “New York Taxpayers Facing $200 Billion in Retiree Costs,” New York Times, p. B1, 13-Oct-2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Electron Devices
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Electron Devices
ISSN (print)0018-9383
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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