How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Freeman, “Feedback control of intercellular signalling in development,” Nature, vol. 408, no. 6810, pp. 313–319, Nov. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
I. Lam and S. Keeney, “Nonparadoxical evolutionary stability of the recombination initiation landscape in yeast,” Science, vol. 350, no. 6263, pp. 932–937, Nov. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. G. Stunnenberg, M. Vermeulen, and Y. Atlasi, “Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency,” Science, vol. 347, no. 6222, pp. 614–615, Feb. 2015.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Cho et al., “Structure and reactivity of a mononuclear non-haem iron(III)-peroxo complex,” Nature, vol. 478, no. 7370, pp. 502–505, Oct. 2011.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Li and K. Marrongelle, Having Success with NSF. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
A. Berthoz and Y. Christen, Eds., Neurobiology of “Umwelt”: How Living Beings Perceive the World. in Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Hagras and C. Wagner, “Artefact Adaptation in Ambient Intelligent Environments,” in Next Generation Intelligent Environments: Ambient Adaptive Systems, W. Minker and T. Heinroth, Eds., New York, NY: Springer, 2011, pp. 127–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “How Chemistry Can Make your Ironing Easier,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Teacher Training Programs: Activities Underway to Improve Teacher Training, but Information Collected To Assess Accountability Has Limitations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-03-197T, Oct. 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. A. McCarthy, “Mentoring’s critical components: Four traditional teachers’, four alternate -route teachers’, and four mentors’ perspectives,” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, “Deliciousness From Italy,” New York Times, p. NJ11, Dec. 20, 2009.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul.
ISSN (print)1070-9878
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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