How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. C. B. Myneni, “Formation of stable chlorinated hydrocarbons in weathering plant material,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5557, pp. 1039–1041, Feb. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Kronenberg and A. Rudensky, “Regulation of immunity by self-reactive T cells,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7042, pp. 598–604, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Reinhard, M. V. Srinivasan, and S. Zhang, “Olfaction: scent-triggered navigation in honeybees,” Nature, vol. 427, no. 6973, p. 411, Jan. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. A. Nazirzadeh, F. B. Atar, B. B. Turgut, and A. K. Okyay, “Random sized plasmonic nanoantennas on Silicon for low-cost broad-band near-infrared photodetection,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 7103, Nov. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. J. Brillson, An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2016.
An edited book
J. Blanc-Talon, W. Philips, D. Popescu, and P. Scheunders, Eds., Advanced Concepts for Intelligent Vision Systems: 11th International Conference, ACIVS 2009, Bordeaux, France, September 28–October 2, 2009. Proceedings, vol. 5807. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
C.-C. Lee, A. Katsamanis, M. P. Black, B. R. Baucom, P. G. Georgiou, and S. S. Narayanan, “Affective State Recognition in Married Couples’ Interactions Using PCA-Based Vocal Entrainment Measures with Multiple Instance Learning,” in Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction: Fourth International Conference, ACII 2011, Memphis, TN, USA, October 9–12, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, S. D’Mello, A. Graesser, B. Schuller, and J.-C. Martin, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, pp. 31–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Stress Affects Sperm RNA In Mice,” IFLScience, Apr. 15, 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “DOD Major Automated Information Systems: Improvements Can Be Made in Reporting Critical Changes and Clarifying Leadership Responsibility,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-16-336, Mar. 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. Prasad, “Removing a Thorn with a Thorn: Evaluating India’s Use of Militias in Counterinsurgency,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, “Great Pitching, Greater Expectations,” New York Times, p. B17, Apr. 07, 2011.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul.
ISSN (print)1070-9878
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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