How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Fischer, “Planetary science: early start for rocky planets,” Nature, vol. 486, no. 7403, pp. 331–332, Jun. 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. A. Jenet and S. M. Ransom, “The geometry of the double-pulsar system J0737-3039 from systematic intensity variations,” Nature, vol. 428, no. 6986, pp. 919–921, Apr. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. N. Krasnoshchekov, P. B. Kaazik, and V. M. Ovtchinnikov, “Seismological evidence for mosaic structure of the surface of the Earth’s inner core,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7041, pp. 483–487, May 2005.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.-M. Li et al., “Genome-wide microRNA expression profiles in hippocampus of rats with chronic temporal lobe epilepsy,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4734, Apr. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Kukushkin, Radio Wave Propagation in the Marine Boundary Layer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2004.
An edited book
J. Varon, Acute and Critical Care Formulas and Laboratory Values. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Klous and N. Wielaard, “Data Stimuli for a Better World,” in We are Big Data: The Future of the Information Society, N. Wielaard, Ed., Paris: Atlantis Press, 2016, pp. 77–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “AI Machine Has Same IQ As Four-Year-Old Child,” IFLScience, Oct. 07, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Information Technology: Assessment of the Department of Commerce’s Report on Workforce Demand and Supply,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HEHS-98-106, Mar. 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. Roberts, “Use of Stay Interviews as a Retention Tool for Key Talent,” Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Loewenstein and P. Ubel, “Economics Behaving Badly,” New York Times, p. A31, Jul. 15, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
ISSN (print)0278-0070
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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