How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S. Goonatilake, “Many paths to enlightenment,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6785, p. 399, May 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Thurner and S. Poledna, “DebtRank-transparency: controlling systemic risk in financial networks,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 1888, 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. S. Sim, T. Bosak, and S. Ono, “Large sulfur isotope fractionation does not require disproportionation,” Science, vol. 333, no. 6038, pp. 74–77, Jul. 2011.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. N. Goswami, V. Venugopal, D. Sengupta, M. S. Madhusoodanan, and P. K. Xavier, “Increasing trend of extreme rain events over India in a warming environment,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5804, pp. 1442–1445, Dec. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
V. Münch, Patente, Marken, Design von A bis Z. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2009.
An edited book
E. Rossi, Assessing Relative Valuation in Equity Markets: Bridging Research and Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Sadia, O. Ben-Yehuda, and Y. Gelbstein, “Highly Efficient Segmented p-type Thermoelectric Leg,” in New Materials for Thermoelectric Applications: Theory and Experiment, V. Zlatic and A. Hewson, Eds., in NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. , Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2013, pp. 59–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Climbing The Tree: The Case For Chimpanzee ‘Personhood,’” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Education Grants Management: Actions Initiated to Correct Material Weaknesses,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-91-72, Jun. 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Janice, “Preschoolers’ Prosocial Responding to Social Others’ Distress,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Dougherty, “Inside Yelp’s Fierce Google Grudge,” New York Times, p. BU1, Jul. 01, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
ISSN (print)0278-0070
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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