How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
U. Kher, “A call for collaboration,” Nature, vol. 466, no. 7304, pp. S21-2, Jul. 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
H. Iwamoto and N. Yagi, “The molecular trigger for high-speed wing beats in a bee,” Science, vol. 341, no. 6151, pp. 1243–1246, Sep. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
W. T. M. Irvine, V. Vitelli, and P. M. Chaikin, “Pleats in crystals on curved surfaces,” Nature, vol. 468, no. 7326, pp. 947–951, Dec. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Tria, V. Loreto, V. D. P. Servedio, and S. H. Strogatz, “The dynamics of correlated novelties,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 5890, Jul. 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. D. Schumer, Mathematical Journeys. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005.
An edited book
B. L. McGowan, R. T. Palmer, J. L. Wood, and D. F. Hibbler, Eds., Black Men in the Academy: Narratives of Resiliency, Achievement, and Success. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Malik, A. Gehani, D. Tariq, and F. Zaffar, “Sketching Distributed Data Provenance,” in Data Provenance and Data Management in eScience, Q. Liu, Q. Bai, S. Giugni, D. Williamson, and J. Taylor, Eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013, pp. 85–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, “Is There LIFE Elsewhere In The Universe?,” IFLScience, Mar. 14, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “FAA’s Implementation of the Expanded East Coast Plan,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, T-RCED-88-39, May 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Packer-Kinlaw, “Anxious journeys: Past, present, and construction of identity in American travel writing,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Kelly and B. Hubbard, “As Saudis Open Up, Investors Tiptoe In,” New York Times, p. B1, Oct. 27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
ISSN (print)0278-0070
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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