How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Eisenstein, “Molecular biology: Remove, reuse, recycle,” Nature, vol. 514, no. 7522, pp. S2-4, Oct. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Gleich and J. Weizenecker, “Tomographic imaging using the nonlinear response of magnetic particles,” Nature, vol. 435, no. 7046, pp. 1214–1217, Jun. 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
G. G. Wallace, S. E. Moulton, and G. M. Clark, “Applied physics. Electrode-cellular interface,” Science, vol. 324, no. 5924, pp. 185–186, Apr. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Schröder, T. J. Lowery, C. Hilty, D. E. Wemmer, and A. Pines, “Molecular imaging using a targeted magnetic resonance hyperpolarized biosensor,” Science, vol. 314, no. 5798, pp. 446–449, Oct. 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. K. Narang, Inside the Black Box. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
I. Zinicovscaia and L. Cepoi, Eds., Cyanobacteria for Bioremediation of Wastewaters, 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Murphy, “The Role of Assortative Mating on Population Growth in Contemporary Developed Societies,” in Agent-Based Computational Modelling: Applications in Demography, Social, Economic and Environmental Sciences, F. C. Billari, T. Fent, A. Prskawetz, and J. Scheffran, Eds. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD, 2006, pp. 61–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Mercury Level In Your Tuna Is Getting Higher,” IFLScience, Feb. 19, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Improving the Collection of Debts Owed the Government,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 117014, Dec. 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B. Lyngarkos, “Examination of the relative importance of website elements for users of manufacturers representative websites,” Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Williams, “Murder, He Wrote,” New York Times, p. BR6, Apr. 14, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
ISSN (print)0278-0070
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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