How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. W. Lea, “Paleoclimate. The glacial tropical Pacific--not just a west side story,” Science, vol. 297, no. 5579, pp. 202–203, Jul. 2002.
A journal article with 2 authors
R. G. Roberts and T. Sutikna, “Michael John Morwood (1950-2013),” Nature, vol. 500, no. 7463, p. 401, Aug. 2013.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Wigginton, J. Yeston, and D. Malakoff, “Working with waste. More treasure than trash. Introduction,” Science, vol. 337, no. 6095, pp. 662–663, Aug. 2012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. J. Bua, G. M. Martin, O. Binda, and O. Gozani, “Nuclear phosphatidylinositol-5-phosphate regulates ING2 stability at discrete chromatin targets in response to DNA damage,” Sci. Rep., vol. 3, p. 2137, 2013.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. D. Albright, Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
S. Kulkarni, Analysis of TCP Performance in Data Center Networks. New York, NY: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Massari and C. Motta, “Women in the Sacra Corona Unita,” in Women and the Mafia, G. Fiandaca, Ed. New York, NY: Springer, 2007, pp. 53–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “Finland To Bury Its Nuclear Waste For 100,000 Years,” IFLScience, 07-Jun-2016. .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Requirements for Recurring Reports to the Congress,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PAD-80-49, Nov. 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. G. Gramajo, “Guidance control of small UAV with energy and maneuverability limitations for a search and coverage mission,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Hodgman, “Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman,” New York Times, p. MM18, 03-Feb-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems
ISSN (print)0278-0070
ScopeComputer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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