How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. R. Rohde, “Microbiology. Listeria unwinds host DNA,” Science, vol. 331, no. 6022, pp. 1271–1272, Mar. 2011.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. D. Egbert and R. D. Ray, “Significant dissipation of tidal energy in the deep ocean inferred from satellite altimeter data,” Nature, vol. 405, no. 6788, pp. 775–778, Jun. 2000.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. B. Deal, J. G. Henikoff, and S. Henikoff, “Genome-wide kinetics of nucleosome turnover determined by metabolic labeling of histones,” Science, vol. 328, no. 5982, pp. 1161–1164, May 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
H. Tanaka et al., “A ribonucleotide reductase gene involved in a p53-dependent cell-cycle checkpoint for DNA damage,” Nature, vol. 404, no. 6773, pp. 42–49, Mar. 2000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. L. Goldberger and Z. D. Goldberger, Becoming a Consummate Clinician. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
K. Zheng, M. Li, and H. Jiang, Eds., Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: Computing, Networking, and Services: 9th International Conference, MobiQuitous 2012, Beijing, China, December 12-14, 2012. Revised Selected Papers, vol. 120. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Tiliouine, “Gender Dimensions of Quality of Life in Algeria,” in Gender, Lifespan and Quality of Life: An International Perspective, E. Eckermann, Ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, pp. 63–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Communications.

Blog post
D. Andrew, “How Much Water Would It Take To Extinguish The Sun?,” IFLScience, 29-Aug-2015. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Problems in Providing Education Overseas for Dependents of U.S. Personnel,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, B-131587, Sep. 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Liu, “Methods for generating addressable focus cues in stereoscopic displays,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Qiu, “Trump Claims Undue Credit On an Arsenal,” New York Times, p. A7, 09-Aug-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Communications
ISSN (print)0090-6778
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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